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BRAZIL IN THE BOLSONARIST AGE OF DARKNESS AND THE RESCUE OF ENLIGHTENMENT

This article aims to demonstrate that the time has come to oppose the Bolsonarist Age of Darkness with its opposite, light, the Enlightenment, to wipe out those responsible for the darkness that exist today from the structures of power.

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BRAZIL IN THE BOLSONARIST AGE OF DARKNESS AND THE RESCUE OF ENLIGHTENMENT

  1. 1. 1 BRAZIL IN THE BOLSONARIST AGE OF DARKNESS AND THE RESCUE OF ENLIGHTENMENT Fernando Alcoforado* This article aims to demonstrate that the time has come to oppose the Bolsonarist Age of Darkness with its opposite, light, the Enlightenment, to wipe out those responsible for the darkness that exist today from the structures of power. The term "darkness" was used to characterize backward practices that prevailed from the 4th to the 15th century in Europe in the Middle Ages. The label "age of darkness" is used in the traditional clash between light versus darkness to contrast the "darkness" of this period with the periods before and after of "light". The Age of Darkness is a historical period characterized by the worsening of the demographic, cultural and economic problems that occurred in Europe after the decline of the Western Roman Empire. From the 4th to the 15th centuries, darkness was characterized by extremely negative facts and events, such as wars, barbaric invasions, agricultural crises, the bubonic plague pandemic, the tyranny exercised by the Church, the inquisition in relation to heretics, the centralization of the economy restricted to feuds, social inequalities, among other aspects. The Age of Darkness in Europe were a troubled time. Wandering invaders on horseback attacked the fields. Religious conflicts arose between Catholics and Protestants, Muslims conquered land, scarcity of good literature and cultural achievements and barbaric practices prevailed. The Age of Darkness period was also seen as a time of faith. Men and women sought God. Some through the most serious rituals of the Catholic Church, others in Protestant forms of worship. Intellectuals, for their part, saw any religion, in itself, as a kind of "darkness". These thinkers claimed that religious beliefs alienated people by creating a false reality because they were dominated by emotions, not reason. Religion was seen as contrary to rationality and reason, and this mentality was what started the Enlightenment - a departure from "darkness". Science and reason gained ascendancy, progressing steadily during and after the Protestant Reformation and the Enlightenment. Brazil plunges into a new Age of Darkness with the Bolsonaro government because its economic policy has been disastrous in adopting the principles of more radical neoliberalism. The Ministry of Economy, led by Paulo Guedes, was structured to dismantle the Brazilian State, built since 1930 by Getúlio Vargas and other government officials. The Partnership and Investment Program - the name given to the Bolsonaro government's privatization plan - includes a list of companies with distinct economic activities, some of strategic nature, leading in the technology area and others that operate in areas sensitive to democracy and inclusion that Jair Bolsonaro wants to privatize and that can bring serious economic losses and to the country's sovereignty. State-owned companies like Eletrobras were privatized, the Petrobras system was dismantled with a view to privatizing it in the future and denationalized companies like Embraer. Brazil is plunging into a new Age of Darkness with the Bolsonaro government because its job creation policy is not its primary concern. Since taking office in the presidency of the Republic, the Bolsonaro government has been working to dismantle the Brazilian state and doing nothing to reactivate the economy of this resulting in the highest level of unemployment with more than 14 million unemployed and 27 million underutilized workers ever recorded in the history of Brazil. In 2020, the pandemic of the new Coronavirus further aggravated the terrible situation of the Brazilian economy, which has already stagnated since 2014. The challenge of reactivating the Brazilian economy
  2. 2. 2 increased with the pandemic and the Bolsonaro government remained inert in the sense of reactivating it. The incompetence of Bolsonaro and the presence of Paulo Guedes, a fundamentalist of neoliberalism, in the Ministry of Economy, make it difficult to take action to reactivate the Brazilian economy. Brazil plunges into a new Age of Darkness with the Bolsonaro government because its environmental policy is responsible for the growth of fires and deforestation in the Legal Amazon and for disobedience to the Paris Agreement to combat global climate change. The Bolsonaro government has taken a series of measures that contribute to the increase in deforestation. Bolsonaro's speech works as a incentive of deforestation. This is a major catastrophe produced by the Bolsonaro government whose action could lead to the destruction of the Amazon Forest with the manifest intention of paving the way for mining, agriculture, livestock and timber activities. The Bolsonaro government is committing an environmental crime and also a major humanitarian crime in the Amazon that affects indigenous populations and needs to be vigorously combated. Bolsonaro admitted to leaving the Paris Agreement to fight climate change. Bolsonaro has become an international pariah, an environmental villain in the eyes of the world. Brazil plunges into a new Age of Darkness with the Bolsonaro government because its science and technology policy has led to the destruction of the National System of Science, Technology and Innovation (SNCTI), built over the last 60 years. In these 60 years of investments in CT&I, Brazil has developed the production of energy from renewable sources, high-tech medicine, the launch of startups, the development of a diversified industrial base, among other actions. The Bolsonaro government excluded thousands of scholarships from the CNPq and Capes system, and CNPq scholarship holders struggled to receive funding for their research. The situation is deplorable because industry, science and national technology have been scrapped, contributing to increase Brazil's scientific, technological and industrial dependence on the outside world. Brazil is plunging into a new Age of Darkness with the Bolsonaro government because its education and culture policy is characterized by an ultraconservative holy war of a neofascist character against progressive and democratic ideals. Under the discourse of defense of the family, the country and against “cultural Marxism”, the Bolsonaro government attacked the educational and cultural structure on several fronts, with cuts and contingencies in budgets, proposals for changes in the functioning and direction of the Ministry of Education and the extinction of the Ministry of Culture. Universities and federal education institutes were targeted for budget cuts, for coercive measures such as the appointment of rectors not respecting the order of the triple list to ensure the possession of leaders ideologically and politically aligned with the government, the use of ideological criteria for selection of fellows and directing resources to federal educational institutions, harassing teachers with the opening of investigations and encouraging complaints through lines created by the government for this purpose. In addition to manifestations of a neo-fascist character, the area of Culture is also the victim of inoperative, incompetent, anti-intellectual management and, above all, that preaches hatred of democracy. Brazil plunges into a new Age of Darkness with the Bolsonaro government because its social rights policy is characterized by disregarding the fundamental rights set out in the 1988 Constitution and demonstrating its detachment from democracy and the lack of respect with which it addresses broad social sectors. Brazil, as of January 2019, witnesses the institutionalization of violations of civil liberties and fundamental rights. Government initiatives (bills, provisional measures, decrees), added to the declarations and attitudes
  3. 3. 3 that come from Bolsonaro and his ministers, create a serious environment that encourages violence and authoritarianism. The attacks on teachers, universities, science and technology, the media and journalists, to the right to manifest and organize society and social participation in discussions, decisions and monitoring of public policies all have the same meaning: restricting democracy and carry out a coup to consolidate a dictatorial state in Brazil. Brazil plunges into a new Age of Darkness with the Bolsonaro government because its disastrous public health policy failed to combat the spread of the new Coronavirus by rendering the Ministry of Health inoperative, in addition to taking action against all measures put in place by governors and mayors for fight the spread of the virus. If the federal government had adopted the “lockdown”, that is, strict and total isolation at the beginning of the pandemic in Brazil with at least 75% of the entire population in quarantine, with tests for all suspected patients and their isolation from the rest of the population, the number of deaths by Covid-19 in the country would not exceed 44.3 thousand, according to Imperial College in London, and would not reach the current 450 thousand deaths. Nowadays, it is imperative to end the Age of Darkness in Brazil. Brazil needs to rescue the ideals of the search for human happiness, justice and social equality advocated by the Enlightenment. In the same way that the Enlightenment was the political and ideological response to the Age of Darkness, the same should be considered in Brazil to unite, at the present time, all citizens who defend democracy, political emancipation, freedom of thought and social justice to promote the improvement of the human condition in the country. Offering these ideas, the 18th century enlightenment motivated the bourgeois revolutions in France and throughout the world that brought about the end of the Old Regime and the installation of liberal doctrines that prevail until today in the world. The Enlightenment provided the motto of the French Revolution (Freedom, Equality and Fraternity) and fertilized it as its followers opposed injustices, religious intolerance and the privileges of absolutism. Yes to the Enlightenment and no to the darkness in Brazil. The time has come to oppose the darkness with its opposite, the light, the Enlightenment, to wipe out those responsible for the darkness that exist today from the structures of power. For this reason, the Bolsonaro government is unable to continue to govern Brazil because it commits crimes, spread fake news, lies and encourages chaos, taking advantage of the population's despair, above all, of the most vulnerable. Bolsonaro urgently needs to be removed from power and answer for the crimes he is committing against the Brazilian people. Brazil needs the union of all who are against the darkness that dominates the country and want its opposite, the Enlightenment. In this moment lived in Brazil, there should not be a division of the political forces of opposition to the Bolsonaro government, but there should be unity around a minimum program that unites all, which is the Enlightenment program. This minimum program must ensure the unity of all to sweep the Age of Darkness in our country. The first step in the struggle to sweep the Bolsonarist Age of Darkness is to demand that the National Congress open impeachment proceedings against Bolsonaro and the Attorney General's Office Republic for him to answer criminally for the countless crimes committed. * Fernando Alcoforado, 81, awarded the medal of Engineering Merit of the CONFEA / CREA System, member of the Bahia Academy of Education, engineer and doctor in Territorial Planning and Regional Development by the University of Barcelona, university professor and consultant in the areas of strategic planning, business planning, regional planning and planning of energy systems, is author of the books Globalização (Editora Nobel, São Paulo, 1997), De Collor a FHC- O Brasil e a Nova (Des)ordem
  4. 4. 4 Mundial (Editora Nobel, São Paulo, 1998), Um Projeto para o Brasil (Editora Nobel, São Paulo, 2000), Os condicionantes do desenvolvimento do Estado da Bahia (Tese de doutorado. Universidade de Barcelona,http://www.tesisenred.net/handle/10803/1944, 2003), Globalização e Desenvolvimento (Editora Nobel, São Paulo, 2006), Bahia- Desenvolvimento do Século XVI ao Século XX e Objetivos Estratégicos na Era Contemporânea (EGBA, Salvador, 2008), The Necessary Conditions of the Economic and Social Development- The Case of the State of Bahia (VDM Verlag Dr. Müller Aktiengesellschaft & Co. KG, Saarbrücken, Germany, 2010), Aquecimento Global e Catástrofe Planetária (Viena- Editora e Gráfica, Santa Cruz do Rio Pardo, São Paulo, 2010), Amazônia Sustentável- Para o progresso do Brasil e combate ao aquecimento global (Viena- Editora e Gráfica, Santa Cruz do Rio Pardo, São Paulo, 2011), Os Fatores Condicionantes do Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social (Editora CRV, Curitiba, 2012), Energia no Mundo e no Brasil- Energia e Mudança Climática Catastrófica no Século XXI (Editora CRV, Curitiba, 2015), As Grandes Revoluções Científicas, Econômicas e Sociais que Mudaram o Mundo (Editora CRV, Curitiba, 2016), A Invenção de um novo Brasil (Editora CRV, Curitiba, 2017), Esquerda x Direita e a sua convergência (Associação Baiana de Imprensa, Salvador, 2018, em co-autoria) and Como inventar o futuro para mudar o mundo (Editora CRV, Curitiba, 2019).

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This article aims to demonstrate that the time has come to oppose the Bolsonarist Age of Darkness with its opposite, light, the Enlightenment, to wipe out those responsible for the darkness that exist today from the structures of power.

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