POWER PLANT II PRESENTATION :HYDROGEN FUEL CELL Group MembersMohammad Irfan (83)Fakhre Alam (85)Aftab Ahmad (41)University of engg; and technology email@example.com
FUEL CELLSA fuel cell is a device that converts the chemical energy froma fuel into electricity through a chemical reaction with oxygenor another oxidizing agent.Hydrogen is the most common fuel, but hydrocarbons suchas natural gas and alcohols like methanol are sometimesused.
SOURCES OF HYDROGEN •Oxidation: CH4 + 2 O2 CO2 + 2 H2 Still produces CO2!! •Natural gas: 2 CH4 + O2 2 CO + 4 H2 Produces CO that must be converted to CO2!!
BENEFITS OF FUEL CELLSEnvironmental Reasons •Lowered emissionsLess noisy Increased Efficiency •Up to 80% with pure Hydrogen •With reformer about ~24-32% •Gasoline ~20% Flexible Technology •Portable
SOME LIMITATIONS Hydrogen: o Not readily available, must use other energy sources to convert o Difficult to store/distribute HighCapital Cost Non-technical barriers o Could have dramatic impact
AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY & HYDROGEN Automotive industries such as honda, GM and toyota are investing heavily on hydrogen fuelled cars as a future technology. GM (general motors co.) and others are looking to capitalize on the next generation of cars After enormous success of rivals like Honda and Toyota with hybrid vehicles Rivals such as Toyota and Honda are already ahead of GM and Ford
HYDROGEN FUELED BUS•A 30 ft. Hydrogen Fuel cell powered transit busmade by Ballard Power Systems in Canada.•It has a 275 horsepower engine, and a range of 250miles before requiring refueling.•The only emission from this bus is warm, moist air.
HONDA FCX Honda has also built a hydrogen production and filling station prototype.
FORD H2RV H2 Internal Combustion Engine hybrid with electric motor.Driving Range 125 miles.
FUTURE2015 – 2025- Substantial markets for hydrogen-powered vehicles likely to start developing 2020: 5 to 10 million hydrogen-powered cars 2030: 50 million hydrogen powered cars 2040: 150 million hydrogen-powered cars