Topic:
Diplomacy & Diplomatic event
between Pakistan and India
Submitted to:
Madam Sadia Bhalli
Submitted by:
M. Atif Rauf
Fakhar Hayat
Sharjeel Zulafqar
• Diplomacy:

Diplomacy is broadly described as
The art of conducting negotiations, agreements
And relations between two o...
The word Diplomacy was1st time introduced in
English language By “Edmund Burke” in 1796.
The issues on which diplomatic e...
Types of diplomacy:
•
•
•
•
•

Appeasement
Citizen diplomacy
Cultural diplomacy
Dollar diplomacy
Economic
diplomacy

•
•
•...
Diplomatic event between Pakistan and
India
Water Dispute Between
India & Pakistan
Agenda
1. Background
1. Background
2. Role of World Bank
2. Role of World Bank
3. Indus Water Treaty
3. Indus Water Treaty...
Back Ground
Back Ground
• Came to light on April 1,1948 after
partition of Punjab
• Cut across the rivers and canals
• India cutoff fl...
HOW DID THIS HAPPEN?
• Ferozepur and Madhopur head-works
given to India.
• June 1947, Kashmiris revolted against
Maharaja ...
Effects
• It was a grave blow to agriculture of
Pakistan
• Pakistan’s agriculture vitally and entirely
depend on canals dr...
Role of World Bank
Role of World Bank
• Critical disputes resolution was the
intervention of the World Bank
• Both countries had applied to W...
WB Con’t
WB would approve loans if 3 conditions
were met:
• 1)Indus basin had enough water for both
countries
• 2) The bas...
WB Plan
• Divide Indus Basin into 2 parts
• India- 3 eastern rivers i.e. Sutlej, Beas,
and Ravi
• Pakistan – 3 western riv...
WB con’t
• Pakistan – not fully convinced refused to
sign until 1958
• Treaty formalized 1960
Indus Waters Treaty
Indus Waters Treaty
• The Indus Waters Treaty is a water
sharing treaty between the Republic of
India and Islamic republic...
Con’t
• The treaty was signed in Karachi
on September 19, 1960
• By Indian Prime Minister
Jawaharlal Nehru and President o...
Clauses of Treaty
Clauses of Treaty
• The Indus System of Rivers comprises
three Western Rivers the Indus, the
Jhelum and Chenab and three E...
Con’t
• Pakistan has exclusive use of the Western
Rivers- the Indus, the Jhelum and Chenab
• The agreement set up a commis...
Con’t
• Either party must notify the other of plans
to construct any engineering works which
would affect the other party ...
Conclusion
Conclusion
• India always want to damage Pakistan
economically
• The Indus Water Treaty (1960) signed
with India under Str...
Con’t
• No interference was agreed by India and
Pakistan in the natural flows of the
western rivers (Indus, Jhelum and
Che...
Con’t
• Undisturbed flow from the western rivers is
must for survival of the country – no one
should be allowed to play wi...
Diplomacy and diplomatic event b/w pak & inda
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Diplomacy and diplomatic event b/w pak & inda

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what is diplomacy , its types and one diplomatic event between pakistan and india ( indus water treaty ),,,,, Comsats institute of information technology lahore... Chemical Engineers.

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Diplomacy and diplomatic event b/w pak & inda

  1. 1. Topic: Diplomacy & Diplomatic event between Pakistan and India
  2. 2. Submitted to: Madam Sadia Bhalli Submitted by: M. Atif Rauf Fakhar Hayat Sharjeel Zulafqar
  3. 3. • Diplomacy: Diplomacy is broadly described as The art of conducting negotiations, agreements And relations between two or more parties in a Sensitive way. • Origin: The word diplomacy originate from “Diploma” which is a Greek word meaning “tow fold”.
  4. 4. The word Diplomacy was1st time introduced in English language By “Edmund Burke” in 1796. The issues on which diplomatic event is conducted: o o o o o Peace-making Culture Economics Trade War
  5. 5. Types of diplomacy: • • • • • Appeasement Citizen diplomacy Cultural diplomacy Dollar diplomacy Economic diplomacy • • • • • • Regional diplomacy Science diplomacy Shuttle diplomacy Freelance diplomacy Multi-track diplomacy Public diplomacy
  6. 6. Diplomatic event between Pakistan and India
  7. 7. Water Dispute Between India & Pakistan
  8. 8. Agenda 1. Background 1. Background 2. Role of World Bank 2. Role of World Bank 3. Indus Water Treaty 3. Indus Water Treaty 5. Conclusion
  9. 9. Back Ground
  10. 10. Back Ground • Came to light on April 1,1948 after partition of Punjab • Cut across the rivers and canals • India cutoff flow of canal water to West Punjab • Stopped the water of the rivers Ravi and Sutlej • India wanted to damage Pakistan economically
  11. 11. HOW DID THIS HAPPEN? • Ferozepur and Madhopur head-works given to India. • June 1947, Kashmiris revolted against Maharaja of Kashmir. • Maharaja signed accession with India on 26th October 1947. • Standstill Agreement signed on 18 December 1947. • India cut off supplies from Ferozepur on 1 st April 1948.
  12. 12. Effects • It was a grave blow to agriculture of Pakistan • Pakistan’s agriculture vitally and entirely depend on canals drawn from Indus • Rain fall is scanty and undependable • Effected agriculture very badly • Pakistan also purchased water from India to avoid economic disaster.
  13. 13. Role of World Bank
  14. 14. Role of World Bank • Critical disputes resolution was the intervention of the World Bank • Both countries had applied to W.B. for development loans • WB decided to refuse development loans to India and Pakistan
  15. 15. WB Con’t WB would approve loans if 3 conditions were met: • 1)Indus basin had enough water for both countries • 2) The basin was treated as a single unit implying all the rivers were to be discussed • 3) Past grievances put aside and technical rather than a political focus retained
  16. 16. WB Plan • Divide Indus Basin into 2 parts • India- 3 eastern rivers i.e. Sutlej, Beas, and Ravi • Pakistan – 3 western rivers i.e. Chenab , Jhelum and the Indus
  17. 17. WB con’t • Pakistan – not fully convinced refused to sign until 1958 • Treaty formalized 1960
  18. 18. Indus Waters Treaty
  19. 19. Indus Waters Treaty • The Indus Waters Treaty is a water sharing treaty between the Republic of India and Islamic republic of Pakistan • The treaty was a result of Pakistani fear that since the source rivers of the Indus basin were in India • It could potentially create droughts and famines in Pakistan, especially at times of war.
  20. 20. Con’t • The treaty was signed in Karachi on September 19, 1960 • By Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and President of Pakistan Mohammad Ayub Khan
  21. 21. Clauses of Treaty
  22. 22. Clauses of Treaty • The Indus System of Rivers comprises three Western Rivers the Indus, the Jhelum and Chenab and three Eastern Rivers - the Sutlej, the Beas and the Ravi; and with minor exceptions • the treaty gives India exclusive use of all of the waters of the Eastern Rivers and their tributaries before the point where the rivers enter Pakistan
  23. 23. Con’t • Pakistan has exclusive use of the Western Rivers- the Indus, the Jhelum and Chenab • The agreement set up a commission to adjudicate any future disputes arising over the allocation of waters • The Commission is required to meet regularly to discuss potential disputes as well as cooperative arrangements for the development of the basin
  24. 24. Con’t • Either party must notify the other of plans to construct any engineering works which would affect the other party and to provide data about such works • In cases of disagreement, a neutral expert is called in for mediation and arbitration • Commission was created to resolve, the annual inspections and exchange of data continue, unperturbed by tensions on the subcontinent.
  25. 25. Conclusion
  26. 26. Conclusion • India always want to damage Pakistan economically • The Indus Water Treaty (1960) signed with India under Stress • It was a result of Pakistan’s fear that since the source rivers of the Indus basin were in India
  27. 27. Con’t • No interference was agreed by India and Pakistan in the natural flows of the western rivers (Indus, Jhelum and Chenab) and eastern rivers (Ravi, Beas and Sutlej), respectively • Pakistan strongly object to the designs of such projects for having potential to change / disrupt flows downstream • It is in the interest of India and Pakistan to follow the treaty in letter and spirit
  28. 28. Con’t • Undisturbed flow from the western rivers is must for survival of the country – no one should be allowed to play with it as it is matter of life and death for Pakistan. • We must have a strategy to ensure so. Absence of such strategy could spell disaster for the entire region!!!!

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