What is active and passive voice?
Verbs in English are also expressed in the form of
voice. Voice is a term of English used to show the realtion
between verb and subject (main sentence).
In English, they are two types of voice, active dan passive.
Kalimat aktif (active
voice) adalah kalimat
A feature of sentences in
which the subject
performs the action of
the verb and the direct
object is the goal or the
kalimat pasif (passive voice)
adalah kalimat dimana
pekerjaan oleh object
A feature of sentences in
which the object or goal of
the action functions as the
sentence subject and the
main verb phrase includes
the verb to be and the past
A. Simple Present Tense
Active : S + V1 + O
Passive : O + tobe + V3
He breaks the window
The window is broken (by him)
B. Simple Past Tense
Active : S + V2 +O
Passive : O+ was/were + v3 + S
He broke the window yesterday
The window was broken by him yesterday
. C. Present Continuous Tense
- Active : S + to be + V1-ing+ O
- Passive : O + to be+ being + v3 + S
- He is breaking the window
- The window is being broken by him
D. Present Perfect
Active : S + Have/Has + V3 + O
Passive : O + Have/Has + been + V3
He has broken the window
The window has been broken by him
E. Past Perfect Tense
Active : S + Had + v3 + o
Passive : O + Had + been + v3 + S
- He had broken the window when I got here
- The window had been broken by him when I got
F. Past Continuous Tense
Active : S + was/were + v-ing + o
Passive : O + was/were + being + v3 +s
He was breaking the window
The window was being broken by him
Active : S + modals + v1 + o
Passive : O + modals + be + v3 + s
- He will break the window in the afternoon
- The window will be broken in the afternoon
H. Be going to
Active : S + is going to + v1 + o
Passive : O + is going to be + v3 +s
He is going to break the window this
- The window is going to be broken this
Change this Sentence into Active or Passive
may organize a new group next week.
a. A new group maybe organized by them next
b. A new group might organized by them next
c. A new group may be organized by them next
d. A new group may organized by them next week.
2. Sheila returned the money 2 hours ago.
(change into the passive voice form!)
3. A : Do you know the result of the test?
B : Not yet. The announcement ….. Twice.
a. Was postponed
b. Was being postponed
c. Has to be postponed
d. Has been postponed
4. Heni : Why do you prefer Matahari dep.store to
Risza : Because the items … at a reasonable price.
a. is sold
b. Was sold
c. Are sold
d. Had been sold
e. Were sold
5. X : when did the accident happen?
y : when the goods …. From the truck.
a. Were being unloaded
b. Have been unloaded
c. Will be unloaded
d. Are unloaded