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Native Plants for Home Gardening


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Learn which native plants to include in your home gardens. Whether the garden is in the sun or shade, this presentation lists which grasses, shrubs, perennials, and trees to select.

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Native Plants for Home Gardening

  1. 1. A Fairfax County, VA, publication Department of Public Works and Environmental Services Working for You! NATIVE PLANTS FOR HOME GARDENS STORMWATER PLANNING DIVISION January 2019
  2. 2. Sunny Upland Gardens: Ground Covers/Grasses • Creek sedge, Carex amphibola • Pink Hairgrass, Muhlenbergia capillaris • Moss Phlox, Phlox subulata • Little Bluestem, Schizachyrium scoparium Perennials • Butterflyweed, Asclepias tuberosa • False Indigo, Baptisia australis • Blue Mistflower, Conoclinium coelestinum • Blazing Star, Liatris spicata • Blackeyed Susan, Rudbeckia fulgida • New England Aster, Symphyotrichum novae-angliae DPWES Stormwater Planning Division Native Plants for Home Gardens 2 Little Bluestem Plant NOVA Natives Moss phlox Plant NOVA Natives Beardtongue Plant NOVA Natives Blackeyed Susan DPWES-STW Blazing Star Plant NOVA Natives New England Aster Butterflyweed Plant NOVA Natives False Indigo Plant NOVA Natives Creek Sedge NorthCreek Nursery New England Aster Plant NOVA Natives Pink Hairgrass Plant NOVA Natives Blue Mistflower NorthCreek Nursery
  3. 3. DPWES Stormwater Planning Division Native Plants for Home Gardens 3 Shade Gardens: Ground Covers/Grasses • Plantain-leaved Sedge, Carex plantaginea • River Oats, Chasmanthium latifolia • Marginal Wood Fern, Dryopteris marginalis • Christmas Fern, Polystichum acrostichoides Perennials • Wild Columbine, Aquilegia canadensis • Wild Geranium, Geranium maculatum • Woodland Phlox, Phlox divaricata • Golden Groundsel, Packera aurea • Heartleaf Aster, Symphyotrichum cordifolium • Foamflower, Tiarella cordifolia Heartleaf Aster inaturalist-kenkneidel River Oats inaturalist-calinsdad Woodland Phlox Plant NOVA Natives Christmas Fern Plant NOVA Natives Plantainleaf Sedge Plant NOVA Natives Golden Groundsel Plant NOVA Natives Wild Geranium Plant NOVA Natives Foamflower Plant NOVA Natives Wild Columbine Plant NOVA Natives Marginal Wood Fern Plant NOVA Natives
  4. 4. DPWES Stormwater Planning Division Native Plants for Home Gardens 4 Shrubs Sunny: • Red-osier Dogwood, Cornus stolonifera • Inkberry, Ilex glabra ‘Densa’ or ‘Shamrock’ • Virginia Sweetspire ‘Henry’s Garnet,’ Itea virginica • Nine Bark, Physocarphus opulifolius Shady: • Smooth Hydrangea, Hydrangea arborescens • Winterberry, Ilex verticillata • Mountain Dog-hobble, Leucothoe fontanesiana • Possum-haw, Viburnum nudum ‘Winterthur’ Possum-haw inaturalist-bradymsu23 Mountain Dog-hobble inaturalist-aiwendil Ninebark PlantNOVANatives Sweetspire PlantNOVANatives Red-osier Dogwood Inaturalist-taitsougstad Inkberry inaturalist-shorton Winterberry PlantNOVANatives Smooth Hydrangea inaturalist-ggpauly
  5. 5. DPWES Stormwater Planning Division Native Plants for Home Gardens 5 Understory/Smaller Trees Lowland: • Serviceberry, Amelanchier canadensis • River birch, Betula nigra • White Fringetree, Chionanthus virginiana • Sweetbay magnolia, Magnolia virginiana Upland: • Redbud, Cercis canadensis • Flowering Dogwood, Cornus florida • Witchhazel, Hamamelis virginiana • American Holly, Ilex opaca Serviceberry Plant NOVA Natives Sweetbay Magnolia Earth Sangha River Birchinaturalist-coatlicue White Fringetree Plant NOVA Natives Redbud Plant NOVA Natives Flowering Dogwood Inaturalist-crgwriter Witch Hazel Plant NOVA Natives American Hollyinaturalist-mitchelljs
  6. 6. DPWES Stormwater Planning Division Native Plants for Home Gardens 6 Canopy Trees: Lowland: • Common Persimmon, Diospyros virginiana • Sweet Gum, Liquidambar styraciflua • Black Gum, Nyssa sylvatica • Pin Oak, Quercus palustris • Willow Oak, Quercus phellos Upland: • Mockernut Hickory, Carya tomentosa • Southern Magnolia, Magnolia grandiflora • Eastern Red Cedar, Juniperus virginiana • White Oak, Quercus alba • Southern Red Oak, Quercus falcata Pin Oak Inaturalist-coatlicue Persimmon Inaturalist-kenkneidel Sweet Gum Inaturalist-schoenitz White Oak inaturalist-kenkneidel Southern Red Oak inaturalist-cjohnsontsu Mockernut Hickory inaturalist-huntalexander Southern Magnolia- inaturalis-kemper Black Gum inaturalist-kenkneidel Willow Oak inaturalist-mefisher Eastern Red Cedar inaturalist-kenkneidel
  7. 7. DPWES Stormwater Planning Division Native Plants for Home Gardens 7 Other Resources: Conservation Assistance Programs: CAP and VCAP Matching Funds Do you have a drainage and erosion problem? Are you interested in improving water quality in local watersheds and the Chesapeake Bay? Funding may be available for you to pursue these types of environmental projects at your home, HOA, or place of worship. See details below to see if you qualify for either the Conservation Assistance Program or the Virginia Conservation Assistance Program. Learn more about the program that applies to you at or call (703) – 324 – 1460 TTY 711. • Site Visits & Technical Expertise • Grants for Home Improvement • Annual Spring Garden Tours Northern Virginia Soil and Water Conservation District Phone: 703-324-1460 TTY 711
  8. 8. DPWES Stormwater Planning Division Native Plants for Home Gardens 8 Other Resources: • “App” with Detailed Plant Info • Audubon At Home Ambassadors • Matching Grants • “Facebook” with Useful Articles & Links
  9. 9. DPWES Stormwater Planning Division Native Plants for Home Gardens Native Plant Sales/Source Other Resources: Native Plant Gardens • Native Plant Gardens & Tours • Lectures & Newsletters • Native Plant Sales 8
  10. 10. DPWES Stormwater Planning Division Native Plants for Home Gardens 10 Other Resources: Earth Sangha – Wild Plant Nursery Phone: 703-859-2951 • Native Plant Source/Sales • Detailed Plant Information • Volunteer Planting Events
  11. 11. DPWES Stormwater Planning Division Native Plants for Home Gardens 11 Other Resources: • “12 Easy Native Plants” Sheets • Conservation/Eco-gardening Guidelines DEP Montgomery County, MD https://
  12. 12. Additional Information For additional information, please contact DPWES Stormwater Planning Division 12 Suzy Foster, Landscape Architect III 703-324-5625, TTY 711 12000 Government Center Parkway, Fairfax, VA 22035 To request this document in an alternate format call 703-324-5800