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Lyme Disease in Fairfax County


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Fairfax County has seen a rapid growth in the number of Lyme disease cases in recent years. At a recent Lyme disease town hall meeting, the Fairfax County Health Department provided local context, facts and figures about the disease in our community.

Published in: News & Politics
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Lyme Disease in Fairfax County

  1. 1. Lyme Disease in Fairfax County Peter Troell, MD, MPH Medical Epidemiologist Fairfax County Health Department
  2. 3. Reported Lyme Disease Cases Fairfax County, 1991-2009
  3. 4. Reported Lyme Cases by Age and Sex Fairfax County, 2005-2009
  4. 7. Reported Lyme Cases by Month of Illness Onset Fairfax County, 2005-2009
  5. 8. Fairfax County Response to Lyme Disease <ul><li>Monitor Lyme disease activity in the County: </li></ul><ul><li>Human Lyme disease surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Tick surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Prevent disease and lessen impact through: </li></ul><ul><li>Public outreach and education </li></ul><ul><li>Physician education </li></ul><ul><li>Deer Management Program </li></ul>
  6. 9. Human Disease Surveillance <ul><li>Objective: </li></ul><ul><li>To identify new cases of Lyme disease and monitor disease trends in the County </li></ul><ul><li>Activities: </li></ul><ul><li>Reporting of cases to FCHD by healthcare providers </li></ul><ul><li>Reporting of positive test results by private laboratories </li></ul><ul><li>Use of CDC Lyme disease case definition for consistency </li></ul><ul><li>Entering cases in a database for local, state, and national statistics </li></ul>
  7. 10. Tick Surveillance <ul><li>Objective : </li></ul><ul><li>To monitor tick abundance and disease infection rates </li></ul><ul><li>Activities : </li></ul><ul><li>Tick trapping </li></ul><ul><li>Tick collection from deer and other animals </li></ul><ul><li>Tick laboratory testing for Lyme and other diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Research to refine methods </li></ul><ul><li>Tick identification service </li></ul>
  8. 11. Public Education and Outreach <ul><li>Objective : </li></ul><ul><li>To increase public awareness and provide education on personal protection measures </li></ul><ul><li>Activities : </li></ul><ul><li>Informational booths </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fairs, festivals, other events </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Presentations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Community groups, landscapers, Police, Parks and Recreation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Public service announcement for theaters, TV, and schools </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution of educational materials </li></ul>
  9. 12. Educational Materials <ul><li>Tick Brochure </li></ul><ul><li>Reference Guide </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mailed to every household in County </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Repellent Guide </li></ul><ul><li>Tick Fact Card </li></ul><ul><li>Tick ID Card </li></ul><ul><li>Children’s reader </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In production </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Web Page </li></ul>
  10. 13. Physician Education <ul><li>Objective : </li></ul><ul><li>To increase physician awareness and educate physicians to help ensure early diagnosis and treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Activities : </li></ul><ul><li>Physician educational outreach: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct mail of educational materials, newsletter articles, educational forums </li></ul></ul>
  11. 14. Deer Management Program <ul><li>Objective: </li></ul><ul><li>Control deer population in the County </li></ul><ul><li>Activities : </li></ul><ul><li>Deer population reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Humane exclusion & repellency </li></ul><ul><li>Public education </li></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul>
  12. 15. Do you know how to protect yourself? <ul><li>Lyme disease prevention starts with YOU : </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid tick habitats </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain a tick free yard </li></ul><ul><li>Dress to protect </li></ul><ul><li>Use insect repellent </li></ul><ul><li>Protect your pet </li></ul><ul><li>Remove ticks promptly </li></ul><ul><li>Know the early signs and symptoms of Lyme disease </li></ul>
  13. 16. Acknowledgements <ul><li>Virginia Department of Health </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Public Health Images Library </li></ul>