D Day


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This is a Powerpoint on the events leading up to D-Day, and the results from D-Day.

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D Day

  1. 1. D-Day: June 6, 1944<br />By: Matthew Fairchild<br />EDU 290<br />11 a.m.<br />
  2. 2. Introduction<br />An excerpt from www.army.mil (the official website of the U.S. Army): <br />“June 6, 1944, 160,000 Allied troops landed along a 50-mile stretch of heavily-fortified French coastline to fight Nazi Germany on the beaches of Normandy, France. General Dwight D. Eisenhower called the operation a crusade in which “we will accept nothing less than full victory.” More than 5,000 Ships and 13,000 aircraft supported the D-Day invasion, and by day’s end on June 6, the Allies gained a foot- hold in Normandy. The D-Day cost was high -more than 9,000 Allied Soldiers were killed or wounded -- but more than 100,000 Soldiers began the march across Europe to defeat Hitler.” –U.S. Army Website<br />
  3. 3. 1939:<br />Germany invades Poland<br /> After negotiations for Germany to withdraw fail, Britain and France declare war on Germany<br />1940:<br />June: Germany captures Paris, France surrenders to Hitler<br />July: The Battle of Britain begins, a three month battle fought in the skies over Britain<br />Prior Events<br />
  4. 4. U.S. Enters WWII…<br />1941:<br />Japan attacks American naval fleet at Pearl Harbor<br />U.S. declares war on Japan<br />Three days later, Germany and Italy declare war on U.S.<br />Pearl Harbor during Japanese attack<br />(http://www.flickr.com/photos/savageman2003/398579964/in/photostream/)<br />
  5. 5. U.S. and Allied Forces Become Aggressive…<br />1942:<br />U.S. troops arrive in Europe<br />Russian forces hold off Germany’s attempt to capture Stalingrad. <br />1943:<br />U.S. and British troops defeat Germany in North Africa<br />Allied forces capture Sicily, and parts of Southern Italy.<br />1944:<br />More than 600 U.S. bombers begin an assault on Berlin<br />Allied forces capture Rome, Italy<br />Allied forces mobilize in an attempt to capture territories in France<br />Invasion of Normandy set for June 5, 1944; had to be delayed because of bad weather conditions.<br />
  6. 6. D-Day Objectives<br />Land on 5 beaches, stretching 50 miles along coast of Normandy, France.<br />Beach codenames: Utah, Omaha, Gold, Juno, and Sword<br />Secure the coastline in order to mobilize troops to liberate France from German control<br />Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower briefing American troops before invading Normandy<br />(http://www.flickr.com/photos/soldiersmediacenter/2561212534/in/set-72157605500980913/)<br />
  7. 7. The Attack Begins<br />Began from the air<br />Paratroopers main task was to capture bridges.<br />Capturing bridges would eliminate possibility of effective German counter-attack.<br />3 hours into attack, 5000 Allied fighters defeated 119 enemy aircrafts.<br />Attack from the sea<br />3,000 landing crafts, 2,500 other ships, and 500 naval vessels arrived off the coast 4 hours into the battle.<br />7 battleships and 18 cruisers attacked enemy defenses along the 5 beaches.<br />
  8. 8. Taking the Beaches<br />American troops storm Utah and Omaha<br />Canadian troops storm Juno<br />British troops storm Gold and Sword<br />Utah, Juno, Gold, and Sword captured without many casualties, or much German resistance<br />American forces at Omaha face strong German resistance; become pinned back against water, with increasing casualties.<br />US infantrymen storm Omaha beach<br />(http://www.flickr.com/photos/soldiersmediacenter/2560388523/)<br />
  9. 9. American troops lost tank support; all but two amphibious tanks were sunk.<br />Landing crafts had trouble reaching the shore because of strong German resistance<br />Small groups of American troops, who had been separated from their regimen, attacked Germans from behind and from the sides.<br />Americans were no longer pinned back due to the help from small groups of American forces, and were able to advance onto land eventually.<br />The Battle at Omaha<br />
  10. 10. D-Day Winds Down<br />British infantry advancing inland met heavy German resistance, but were able to defeat enemy forces.<br />Hitler withdraws reserve troops, and leaves only one division of troops to fight off British infantry.<br />All 5 beaches are eventually secured once American troops receive support from British and Canadian Forces<br />Allied forces begin to move inland, meeting only limited German resistance. <br />German troops surrender on the beaches of Normandy, France.<br />(http://www.flickr.com/photos/soldiersmediacenter/2561211540/in/set-72157605500980913/)<br />
  11. 11. By the end of D-Day, the Allies landed 130,000 troops by land, and 29,000 troops by air.<br />Allied casualties (meaning killed, wounded, missing, or captured) for D-Day are estimated at 10,000 men.<br />Over 2,500 Allied troops died on D-Day.<br />Most consider D-Day to be the beginning of the end of Germany’s hold over Europe.<br />May 7, 1945: Germany unconditionally surrenders to Allied forces in Europe.<br />The End Of D-Day<br />
  12. 12. http://www.army.mil/D-day/<br />http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/dday/<br />http://www.history.com/content/worldwartwo/d-day-timeline<br />http://www.britannica.com/dday<br />Resources<br />