Harmful Effects of SmokingCigarette contains nicotine, an extremelyaddictive stimulant that causespsychological and physical dependency.Cigarette smoking has been linked to 11types of cancers, including cancer of thekidney, bladder, pancreas, mouth, esophagus etc. Recent study suggests thatsmokers are 26 times more prone to dieof lung cancer than non- smokers.Smoking reduces high-density lipoprotein(HDL) or “good” cholesterol, increasesblood clotting and blood pressure, andsignificantly decreases the amount ofoxygen that reaches the heart. The twomost hazardous health effects of smokingare emphysema and lung cancer.Emphysema is a chronic disease whichdestroys parts of the lungs and results inasthma-like attacks, hyperventilation, andshortness of breath. Lung cancer is theNo.1 cause of cancer deaths for men andwomen, worldwide. Other serious sideeffects of smoking are back pain, pepticulcers, high risk of stroke, reducedfertility, cataracts, coronarythrombosis, kidney failure, gangrene etc.
Smoking BanSmoking ban is a public policy, comprisingoccupational safety and healthregulations and criminal laws, whichprohibit or restrict tobacco smoking inpublic spaces and/or workplaces. It isessential to enforce smoking ban as thepractice of smoking kills millions ofpeople worldwide. Researches reveal astrong association of smoking with lungcancer, emphysema, chronic bronchitis,and cardiovascular diseases. There aremany scientific organizations which havestated that tobacco smoke adverselyaffects the health of a person in thevicinity of a smoker as well as pollute theenvironment. The stringent anti-smokinglaws will reduce the tobacco use to alarge extent.Since ages, smoking bans are evident.Mexican ecclesiastical council banned theuse of tobacco in Spanish colonies in theCaribbean and in all churches in Mexico.The Pope also prohibited smoking.
Lung CancerLung cancer is the main cause ofcancer deaths for men and women,worldwide. The greatest factor behindthe occurrence of this form of cancer issmoking. A disease in which the cellsof lung tissues grow up uncontrollablyand form tumors is known as lungcancer. It is most common betweenthe age group 40 -70. Lung cancer is oftwo types: - primary and secondary.Primary lung cancer begins in thelungs. Secondary lung cancer begins inany part of the body; cancerous cellsthen spread to lungs which are termedas Metastasis. Lung cancer kills morethan 1.3 million people worldwideevery year
Heart Diseases–Vulnerable to smoker’sheartThe risk of coronary heart disease isincreased by smoking cigarettes.Smoking increases the tendency ofblood to clot; decreases exercisetolerance and increases bloodpressure. Cigarette smoking alsoincreases the risk of recurrentcoronary heart disease after bypasssurgery. The connection betweenheart disease and passive smoking orsecond hand smoke is significant.Every year due to other people’ssmoke, more than 69,600 deaths fromheart disease are caused. Second handsmoke contributes to heart problemsof people who are frequently aroundsmokers.
Women and smokingThe risk of heart disease is 50% greaterin women smokers than in mensmokers according to researchers inDenmark. This may be due to theinteraction of estrogen with the toxinsingested when they smoke.Approximately 34,000 women smokersdie of heart disease – attributed tosmoking – each year in North Americaalone. And it’s not just an old persons’problem; the risk of heart disease isvery high for young women smokers.
Harmful Effects of SmokingSmoking damages blood vessels andspeeds up atherosclerosis. This canreduce blood circulation resulting inperipheral arterial disease. Peripheralarterial disease can lead toamputation, gangrene, infection andblood clots. Cigarette smoking increasesthe risk of heart stroke by three timesand heart attack by two to six times.Cigarette smoke contains carbonmonoxide which is a poisonous gas thatreplaces oxygen in the blood and makesheart beat faster. The other ingredients ofcigarette such as tobacco, nicotine andtar are also very harmful to the heart.Research implies that smoking may createirregularities in the timing ofheartbeats, decreases oxygen supply tothe heart, tightens major arteries andincreases heart rate, all of which makeone’s heart work weaker. Smokingadversely affects fibrinogen, which is ablood clotting material. As a result, therisk of blood clot increases which leads toa heart attack.
Facts about SmokingTobacco smoke contains nicotine which isan addictive and harmful drug andreaches brain within 10 seconds ofinhaling it.Smoking kills over 440,000 people in theUnited States, 106,000 people in theUnited Kingdom and 990,000 people inIndia every year.Smoking has been recognized as the mostsignificant source of premature mortalityand preventable morbidity across theworld.Cigarettes contain 43 known carcinogensand more than 4000 harmful chemicals.A major chemical component in urine –“urea” is added in cigarettes to enhanceflavor.Cigarette is the most “buy and sell”product on the planet and one of theworlds growing industries.According to a research study at the 14thWorld Conference on Health, 250 millionwomen and 1billion men use tobaccoevery day around the world.Before the age of 18 years, most smokerssmoke their first cigarettes.