Organizational behavior


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Organizational behavior

  1. 1. Foundations Of Group Behavior
  2. 2. • GROUP: Two or more individuals interacting & interdependent who have come together to achieve particular objectives. • Formal group: A designated work group defined by an organizations structure. • Informal group: A group that is neither formally structured nor organizationally determined; such a group appears in response to the need for social contact. • Command group: A group composed of the individuals who report directly to the given manager.
  3. 3. • Task group: People working together to complete a job task. • Interest group: People working together to attain a specific objective with which each is concerned. • Friendship group: People brought together because they share one or more common characteristics.
  4. 4. • 5 Stage Model • Forming: The first stage in group development, where the whole character of a certain group is showed. • Storming: In this stage the clear hierarchy of leadership within the group is decided. • Norming: This stage shows the solid group structure & the common set of expectations of the group. • Performing: The fourth stage is complete when a group is fully functional. • Adjourning: The final stage for temporary groups who are concerned with wrapping up activities rather task performance.
  5. 5. • Role: A set of expected behavior patterns attributed to someone occupying a given position in social unit. • Identity: Certain attitudes & behaviors consistent with a role. • Perception: An individuals view of how he or she is supposed to act in given situation. • Expectations: How others believe a person should act in a given situation. • Psychological Contract: An unwritten agreement that sorts out what management expects from an employee. • Conflict: A situation in which an individual is confronted by divergent role expectations.
  6. 6.  Many evidence indicates that, smaller groups are faster at completing tasks than are larger ones and also individuals perform better in smaller groups. Although for problem solving larger groups are always better.  One of the most important findings related to the size of groups is known as Social loafing. Which is the tendency for individuals to expend less effort when working collectively than when working individually.  Studies indicate that employees in Miles, China , that those people perform better in groups. But in USA people perform better as individuals.
  7. 7.  Cohesive: The degree to which group members are attracted to each other and are motivated to stay in the group. BNEFITS  If performance are high a cohesive group is more productive.  IT stimulate competition with other groups.  When cohesiveness & performance related norms are both high it makes a high productivity. Disadvantages  When cohesive is low though norms are high productivity decreases.  Cohesiveness sometimes make individuals less tend to do their work.
  8. 8. STRENGTH  Groups generate more complete information & knowledge.  Groups generate increased diversity of views.  Increased acceptance of a solution.