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Geo-Strategic Importance of
Pakistan
Main Outlines
• What is Geo-strategy?
• Geo-graphical description of Pakistan?
• Geo-strategic description of Pakistan:
1) Proximity of great powers
2) Gateway to central asia
3) Significance as a Transit economy
4) Important link in the chain of muslim countries
5) China's link to middle east
6) Reduce indian hegemony in the Arabian sea and Indian ocean
What is Geo-strategy?
• Geo means the Earth and strategy means planning, tactics and policy.
• The term "geo-strategy" was first used by Frederick L. Schuman in his
1942 article "Let Us Learn Our Geopolitics."
• Many geostrategists are also geographers, specializing in subfields of
geography, such as human geography, political geography, economic
geography, cultural geography, military geography, and strategic
geography.
PAKISTAN COUNTRY
1) Pakistan situated at the centre of world map
2) Provinces
3) Weathers
4) Natural Resorces
5) Mountains
6) Rivers
7) Deserts
8) Lakes
9) Vallies
Geo-graphical view of Pakistan on world's Map:
Geo-graphical description of Pakistan
• Pakistan is located in South East Asia.
• 24.35 North and 37.05 North latitude 61 East to 78 East Longitude.
• Area – 7,96096 sq km
• Khyber Pass connects Pakistan and Afghanistan.
• Khunjrab Pass links Pakistan and China.
• Pakistan and Iran borders meet at Koh-i-Tuftan.
Neighbouring Countries
In Map:
Narrow strip of Wakhan that seprates central Asia from
Pakistan:
Geo-strategic importance of Pakistan:
1) Proximity of Great powers
2) Gateway to Central Asia
3) Significance as a Transit economy
4) Important link in the chain of Muslim countries
5) China's link to the Middle East
6) Reduce Indian hegemony in the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean
1) Proximity of great powers:
• Russia and China are busy to give check to US Power in this region and
in other regions like Middle East, Africa, North America, Europe and Far
East ASIA.
• US interests in this Region:
1. Security:
Policy of Pax –Americana in order to restraint world dynamics from
Unipolarity to multi-polarity.
US interest in the region to contain the growing china, nuclear Iran,
terrorist Afghanistan.
2. Business:
To benefit from the market of India and Central Asia.
Great power competition in Indian Ocean:
2) Gateway to central Asia:
• Central Asia is the center stage of new Great games: Western quest for
resources- oil and energy resources in the central Asia.
• Pakistan is located very close to the oil rich M.E region and C.A States
• Pakistan can influence shipment of oil.
• Iran is struggling to export its surplus gas and oil to Eastern countries,
Qatar, Pakistan and Turkmenistan pipeline projects highlight the
position.
• In this scare energy world, Pakistan can provide access from energy
efficient to energy deficient state.
Proposed Gas line in this region:
Significance as a transit economy:
• Land locked Afghanistan now at the phase of reconstruction finds its
ways through Pakistan.
• China with its fastest economy growth rate of 9% GDP developing
southern provinces because its own part is 4500 km away from
Sinkiang but Gawader is 2500 km away.
• Pakistan offers central Asian regions the shortest route of 2600 km as
compared to Iran 4500 km or turkey 5000 km.
• Gwadar Port with its deep waters attracts the trade ships of china, CAR
and south east Asian countries.
4) Important link in the chain of Muslim countries:
• Geographically, Pakistan is situated at the centre of the Islamic
countries of Africa and Asia.
• It is linked to these Muslim states through land and sea routes and
thus not only its ideological background, but its geographical centrality
necessities that it supports the unity of Muslim world.
• Prior to the cessation of East Pakistan, it was the largest Islamic state
and naturally was in the vanguard of the movement for Islamic unity.
• Even afterwards, it actively works for the mutual alliance and unity of
the Muslims.
5) China's link to middle east:
• Pakistan is the only direct and shortest link between China and the
Middle East.
• Gulf States possessing 63% of world’s oil reserves.
• In development of this link PN plays an important role by making
Gwadar a fully functional port with support of china.
• Gwadar will prove instrumental in promoting transshipment essentially
of containerized cargo besides unlocking the development potential for
hinterland.
6) Reduce indian hegemony in the arabian sea and indian
ocean:
• India has a shared interests with the U.S and NATO in the subjection of
Pakistan.
• As they consider Nuclear weapons of Pakistan as a threat to Indian national
security, NATO operations in Afghanistan, and Israel.
• Pakistan have nuclear deterrence since 1998. Pakistan termed its nuclear
bomb as “ISLAMIC BOMB” that made it centre of attention in the world
politics.
• The U.S, NATO, Israel, and India to neutralize such a strategic and tactical
• threat from emerging in Pakistan.
• They have made plan underpinned objective of Balkanizing Pakistan.
• It’s the reason on that the US has conspired with international media against
• PAK NUKES.
• Most importantly Pakistan has world best missile technology and perceived
• enemies capitals are in Pakistan range like.
Missile Technology of Pakistan:
Missile Ranges:
Shaheen-3 4500 km
Ghori-3 3500 km
Babur-3 1500 km
Tipu-1 5000 km
Tipu-4 12000 km
1) Distance of Israel from Pakistan
Miles 2085
Kilometers 3335
(In range of Ghouri-3)
2) Distance of USA from Islamabad
Washington 11388 km
White house 11600 km
(In range of Tipu-4)
Conclusion:
• Stephen Cohn describes geostrategic importance of Pakistan in these
words, “While history has been unkind to Pakistan, its geography has
been its greatest benefit. It has resource rich area in the north-west,
people rich in the north-east.”
• Pakistan is a junction of South Asia, West Asia and Central Asia, a way
from resource efficient countries to resource deficient countries. The
world is facing energy crisis and terrorism. Pakistan is a route for
transportation, and a front line state against terrorism.
Reference:
• 1. Pakistan's Foreign Policy by Shahid M Amin,
• oxford pub.
• 2. Pakistan Foreign Policy 1947-2012 by Abdul
• sattar, oxford pub.
• 3. International affairs by by Dr Safdar
• Mahmood
• 4. Monthly Current Affairs Magazine by Dr
• Safdar Mahmood
• 5. www.worldatlas.com
• 6. www.dailydawn.com
• 7. www.wikipedia.org
• 8. www.mofa.gov.pk
THANKS!

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Geo-strategic/political importance of Pakistan

  • 1.
  • 3. Main Outlines • What is Geo-strategy? • Geo-graphical description of Pakistan? • Geo-strategic description of Pakistan: 1) Proximity of great powers 2) Gateway to central asia 3) Significance as a Transit economy 4) Important link in the chain of muslim countries 5) China's link to middle east 6) Reduce indian hegemony in the Arabian sea and Indian ocean
  • 4. What is Geo-strategy? • Geo means the Earth and strategy means planning, tactics and policy. • The term "geo-strategy" was first used by Frederick L. Schuman in his 1942 article "Let Us Learn Our Geopolitics." • Many geostrategists are also geographers, specializing in subfields of geography, such as human geography, political geography, economic geography, cultural geography, military geography, and strategic geography.
  • 5. PAKISTAN COUNTRY 1) Pakistan situated at the centre of world map 2) Provinces 3) Weathers 4) Natural Resorces 5) Mountains 6) Rivers 7) Deserts 8) Lakes 9) Vallies
  • 6. Geo-graphical view of Pakistan on world's Map:
  • 7. Geo-graphical description of Pakistan • Pakistan is located in South East Asia. • 24.35 North and 37.05 North latitude 61 East to 78 East Longitude. • Area – 7,96096 sq km • Khyber Pass connects Pakistan and Afghanistan. • Khunjrab Pass links Pakistan and China. • Pakistan and Iran borders meet at Koh-i-Tuftan.
  • 10. Narrow strip of Wakhan that seprates central Asia from Pakistan:
  • 11. Geo-strategic importance of Pakistan: 1) Proximity of Great powers 2) Gateway to Central Asia 3) Significance as a Transit economy 4) Important link in the chain of Muslim countries 5) China's link to the Middle East 6) Reduce Indian hegemony in the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean
  • 12. 1) Proximity of great powers: • Russia and China are busy to give check to US Power in this region and in other regions like Middle East, Africa, North America, Europe and Far East ASIA. • US interests in this Region: 1. Security: Policy of Pax –Americana in order to restraint world dynamics from Unipolarity to multi-polarity. US interest in the region to contain the growing china, nuclear Iran, terrorist Afghanistan. 2. Business: To benefit from the market of India and Central Asia.
  • 13. Great power competition in Indian Ocean:
  • 14. 2) Gateway to central Asia: • Central Asia is the center stage of new Great games: Western quest for resources- oil and energy resources in the central Asia. • Pakistan is located very close to the oil rich M.E region and C.A States • Pakistan can influence shipment of oil. • Iran is struggling to export its surplus gas and oil to Eastern countries, Qatar, Pakistan and Turkmenistan pipeline projects highlight the position. • In this scare energy world, Pakistan can provide access from energy efficient to energy deficient state.
  • 15. Proposed Gas line in this region:
  • 16. Significance as a transit economy: • Land locked Afghanistan now at the phase of reconstruction finds its ways through Pakistan. • China with its fastest economy growth rate of 9% GDP developing southern provinces because its own part is 4500 km away from Sinkiang but Gawader is 2500 km away. • Pakistan offers central Asian regions the shortest route of 2600 km as compared to Iran 4500 km or turkey 5000 km. • Gwadar Port with its deep waters attracts the trade ships of china, CAR and south east Asian countries.
  • 17.
  • 18. 4) Important link in the chain of Muslim countries: • Geographically, Pakistan is situated at the centre of the Islamic countries of Africa and Asia. • It is linked to these Muslim states through land and sea routes and thus not only its ideological background, but its geographical centrality necessities that it supports the unity of Muslim world. • Prior to the cessation of East Pakistan, it was the largest Islamic state and naturally was in the vanguard of the movement for Islamic unity. • Even afterwards, it actively works for the mutual alliance and unity of the Muslims.
  • 19. 5) China's link to middle east: • Pakistan is the only direct and shortest link between China and the Middle East. • Gulf States possessing 63% of world’s oil reserves. • In development of this link PN plays an important role by making Gwadar a fully functional port with support of china. • Gwadar will prove instrumental in promoting transshipment essentially of containerized cargo besides unlocking the development potential for hinterland.
  • 20. 6) Reduce indian hegemony in the arabian sea and indian ocean: • India has a shared interests with the U.S and NATO in the subjection of Pakistan. • As they consider Nuclear weapons of Pakistan as a threat to Indian national security, NATO operations in Afghanistan, and Israel. • Pakistan have nuclear deterrence since 1998. Pakistan termed its nuclear bomb as “ISLAMIC BOMB” that made it centre of attention in the world politics. • The U.S, NATO, Israel, and India to neutralize such a strategic and tactical • threat from emerging in Pakistan. • They have made plan underpinned objective of Balkanizing Pakistan. • It’s the reason on that the US has conspired with international media against • PAK NUKES. • Most importantly Pakistan has world best missile technology and perceived • enemies capitals are in Pakistan range like.
  • 21. Missile Technology of Pakistan: Missile Ranges: Shaheen-3 4500 km Ghori-3 3500 km Babur-3 1500 km Tipu-1 5000 km Tipu-4 12000 km 1) Distance of Israel from Pakistan Miles 2085 Kilometers 3335 (In range of Ghouri-3) 2) Distance of USA from Islamabad Washington 11388 km White house 11600 km (In range of Tipu-4)
  • 22. Conclusion: • Stephen Cohn describes geostrategic importance of Pakistan in these words, “While history has been unkind to Pakistan, its geography has been its greatest benefit. It has resource rich area in the north-west, people rich in the north-east.” • Pakistan is a junction of South Asia, West Asia and Central Asia, a way from resource efficient countries to resource deficient countries. The world is facing energy crisis and terrorism. Pakistan is a route for transportation, and a front line state against terrorism.
  • 23. Reference: • 1. Pakistan's Foreign Policy by Shahid M Amin, • oxford pub. • 2. Pakistan Foreign Policy 1947-2012 by Abdul • sattar, oxford pub. • 3. International affairs by by Dr Safdar • Mahmood • 4. Monthly Current Affairs Magazine by Dr • Safdar Mahmood • 5. www.worldatlas.com • 6. www.dailydawn.com • 7. www.wikipedia.org • 8. www.mofa.gov.pk