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BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE
Presented by-
1
Agenda
• What is business intelligence (BI)?
– Values, capabilities, potential
• BI evolution and trend
-Chronological hierarchy, history, trend
• Why BI?
-Benefits, Necessities, Application areas
• BI Technical Overview
-Process, Components, servers
• BI process and system
– Components, technologies, and applications
• BI tools, products, industry, and market
2
Introduction
3
What is Business Intelligence?
 Business Intelligence is an umbrella term for a set of
- methods,
- processes,
- technologies, and
- tools
that help us to convert data into information,
information into knowledge and knowledge into plans
that guide the organizations for its very betterment,
traditionally known as Decision Support System (DSS).
4
Evolution of BI
The search for the perfect “business insight system”
– 1980s
• Executive information systems (EIS), decision support systems (DSS)
– 1990s
• Data warehousing (DW), business intelligence (BI)
– 2000s
• Dashboards and scorecards, performance management
– 2010+
• Analytics, big data, mobile BI, in-memory cache, data science …
5
Why BI?
BI is for answering following business related questions technically-
6
• What happened?
• Why did it happen?
• What is happening?
• What will happen?
• What do I want to happen?
Past
Present
Future
Benefits of Business Intelligence
• Improve Management Processes
– planning, controlling, measuring and/or changing results in
increased revenues and reduced costs.
• Improve Operational Processes
– fraud detection, order processing, purchasing..
• Better Adjustment settings
– Competitor analysis, adjustments settings to changing trends.
• Predict The Future
– Predictive analysis, Forecasting.
7
BI Application Areas
BI can be applied in all “businesses” both private and public sector
– Private
• Retail, manufacture, real-estate, sports, media, publication, etc.
– Public (non-profit)
• Education, government, healthcare, association, etc.
8
Sample BI Application Areas
• Business management
1. Strategic planning 2. Benchmarking
• IT management
1. Web analytics 2. Security management
• Logistics
1. Supplier & vendor management 2. Shipping and inventory control
• City planning
1. Traffic management 2. Urban Analytics
• Education
1. Learning analytics 2. Institutional effectiveness
• Internet and web
1. Social analytics 2. Sports and games analytics 9
BI: Complete Technical Overview
10
11
BILC (Business Intelligence Life Cycle)
BILC (Business Intelligence Life Cycle)
◦ Analyze Business Requirements - reviewing business requirements to determine the types of
analysis user need to perform.
◦ Design Data Model - Based on the business requirements, design the logical data model, which
shows the information that users want to analyze and the relationships that exists within the data.
◦ Design the Physical Schema - Using the data model design physical schema (creating dimension
and fact table hence star schema) which defines the content and structure of the data
warehouse.
◦ Build the Data Warehouse - Build the data warehouse according to the schema design and load
data into the warehouse (Developing RPD with 3 layers accordingly- Physical, Logical/BMM,
Presentation layers) from source systems through ETL.
◦ Create the Project Structure (Metadata) - Create the metadata and begin to connect and map
the metadata to table in the data warehouse e.g.
◦ Develop The BI Objects - Develop object, like reports, scorecards and dashboard.
◦ Administer and Maintain the Project - Administer and maintain the project as it undergoes
continued development and changes, monitor performance and make adjustments to improve
it, manage security, and perform other ongoing administrative tasks.
12
BI system
13
Data Management
◦ A special database system called Data Warehouse or Data Mart (a subset of Data
Warehouse) is often used to store enterprise data
– The purpose of a data warehouse is to organize lots of stable data for ease of analysis
and retrieval.
◦ Large databases that aggregate data collected from multiple sources
◦ Enterprise level data are coming from multiple different sources, but finally combined into
Data Warehouse
– Operational databases
– Spreadsheets
– Text, CSV
– PDF, Paper
14
Data Warehouse
CRM
ERPHR
Call Center
Web Apps
Finance
Inventory
15
16
Creating Repository (RPD)
17
BI - Analysis Tools
• Basic querying and reporting - “Tell me what happened.”
– Structured and fixed format reports Based on simple and direct queries
– Usually involves simple descriptive analysis and transformation of data, such as calculating, sorting,
filtering, grouping, and formatting
• Ad hoc query and reporting - “Tell me what happened when they
need.”
– Similar to operational reporting but on a need basis
• Business analysis(OLAP) - “Tell me what happened with why.”
– A multi-dimensional analysis and reporting application for aggregated data
– Great for discovering details from large quantities of data
– Business analytics (BA) is the practice of iterative, methodical exploration of an organization’s data with
emphasis on statistical analysis.
• Data mining - “Tell me what might happen” or “Tell me something
interesting.”
– Data mining techniques are a blend of statistics and mathematics, and artificial intelligence and
machine-learning.
18
OLAP CUBE
OLAP is an acronym for online analytical
processing, refers to multi-dimensional array which
is a computer-based technique of analyzing data to
look for insights. The term cube here refers to a
multi-dimensional dataset, which is also
sometimes called a hypercube if the number of
dimensions is greater than 3.
OLAP slicing: Slice is the act of picking a
rectangular subset of a cube by choosing a
single value for one of its dimensions, creating
a new cube with one fewer dimensions.The
picture shows a slicing operation: The sales
figures of all sales regions and all product
categories of the company in the year 2004
are "sliced" out of the data cube.
19
OLAP Functionalities
OLAP dicing: The dice operation produces a
sub cube by allowing the analyst to pick
specific values of multiple dimensions. The
picture shows a dicing operation: The new
cube shows the sales figures of a limited
number of product categories, the time and
region dimensions cover the same range as
before.
OLAP Drill-up and drill-down: Drill Down/Up
allows the user to navigate among levels of
data ranging from the most summarized (up)
to the most detailed (down).The picture
shows a drill-down operation: The analyst
moves from the summary category "Outdoor-
Schutzausrüstung" to see the sales figures for
the individual products.
20
Roll-up: A roll-up involves summarizing the data along a dimension i.e. processes data on the level of
sub totals and totals (aggregation) within a database,. The summarization rule might be computing
totals along a hierarchy or applying a set of formulas such as "profit = sales - expenses".
OLAP pivoting: Pivot allows an analyst to rotate the cube in space to see its various faces. For
example, cities could be arranged vertically and products horizontally while viewing data for a
particular quarter. Pivoting could replace products with time periods to see data across time for a
single product. The picture shows a pivoting operation: The whole cube is rotated, giving another
perspective on the data.
21
OLAP Functionalities
OLAP vs OLTP
22
Data Mining
• Data mining (or, knowledge discovery in database - KDD)
– Processes and techniques for seeking knowledge (relationship, trends, patterns, etc.) from a large
amount of data
– Extremely large datasets
• Data mining applications use for
– sophisticated statistical and mathematical techniques to find patterns and relationships
among data
– Classification, clustering, association, estimation, prediction, trending, pattern, etc.
• Common techniques
– Neural network, genetic algorithm, machine learning
23
Presentation
• Reports
– A report is the presentation of data transformed into formatted and organized information
according to specific business requirements.
– Based on simple and direct queries: usually involves simple analysis and transformation of
data (sorting, calculating, filtering, filtering, grouping, formatting, etc.)
– Reports can be static or interactive. But most reports are ready for printing.
• Visualization
– An essential way for human understanding and sense making
– In the forms of table, charts, diagrams
– Visualization can also be part of the analysis process (visual analytics)
• Dashboard
– A dashboard is a visual display of the most important information needed to achieve one or
more objectives; consolidated and arranged on a single screen so the information can be
monitored at a glance.
–Ability to identify trends and Gain total visibility of all systems instantly at one place
24
Data Visualization
25
Types of Dashboards
26
Dashboards
27
28
Dashboards
29
Dashboards (Charts)
30
Dashboards (Maps & Multimedia)
Different Users of BI
31
BI Future Market
32
The global Business Intelligence
and Analytics Software Market is
expected to grow from $17.90
billion in 2014 to $26.78 billion by
2019, at a Compound Annual
Growth Rate (CAGR) of 8.4%.

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Business Intelligence Presentation 1 (15th March'16)

  • 2. Agenda • What is business intelligence (BI)? – Values, capabilities, potential • BI evolution and trend -Chronological hierarchy, history, trend • Why BI? -Benefits, Necessities, Application areas • BI Technical Overview -Process, Components, servers • BI process and system – Components, technologies, and applications • BI tools, products, industry, and market 2
  • 4. What is Business Intelligence?  Business Intelligence is an umbrella term for a set of - methods, - processes, - technologies, and - tools that help us to convert data into information, information into knowledge and knowledge into plans that guide the organizations for its very betterment, traditionally known as Decision Support System (DSS). 4
  • 5. Evolution of BI The search for the perfect “business insight system” – 1980s • Executive information systems (EIS), decision support systems (DSS) – 1990s • Data warehousing (DW), business intelligence (BI) – 2000s • Dashboards and scorecards, performance management – 2010+ • Analytics, big data, mobile BI, in-memory cache, data science … 5
  • 6. Why BI? BI is for answering following business related questions technically- 6 • What happened? • Why did it happen? • What is happening? • What will happen? • What do I want to happen? Past Present Future
  • 7. Benefits of Business Intelligence • Improve Management Processes – planning, controlling, measuring and/or changing results in increased revenues and reduced costs. • Improve Operational Processes – fraud detection, order processing, purchasing.. • Better Adjustment settings – Competitor analysis, adjustments settings to changing trends. • Predict The Future – Predictive analysis, Forecasting. 7
  • 8. BI Application Areas BI can be applied in all “businesses” both private and public sector – Private • Retail, manufacture, real-estate, sports, media, publication, etc. – Public (non-profit) • Education, government, healthcare, association, etc. 8
  • 9. Sample BI Application Areas • Business management 1. Strategic planning 2. Benchmarking • IT management 1. Web analytics 2. Security management • Logistics 1. Supplier & vendor management 2. Shipping and inventory control • City planning 1. Traffic management 2. Urban Analytics • Education 1. Learning analytics 2. Institutional effectiveness • Internet and web 1. Social analytics 2. Sports and games analytics 9
  • 10. BI: Complete Technical Overview 10
  • 12. BILC (Business Intelligence Life Cycle) ◦ Analyze Business Requirements - reviewing business requirements to determine the types of analysis user need to perform. ◦ Design Data Model - Based on the business requirements, design the logical data model, which shows the information that users want to analyze and the relationships that exists within the data. ◦ Design the Physical Schema - Using the data model design physical schema (creating dimension and fact table hence star schema) which defines the content and structure of the data warehouse. ◦ Build the Data Warehouse - Build the data warehouse according to the schema design and load data into the warehouse (Developing RPD with 3 layers accordingly- Physical, Logical/BMM, Presentation layers) from source systems through ETL. ◦ Create the Project Structure (Metadata) - Create the metadata and begin to connect and map the metadata to table in the data warehouse e.g. ◦ Develop The BI Objects - Develop object, like reports, scorecards and dashboard. ◦ Administer and Maintain the Project - Administer and maintain the project as it undergoes continued development and changes, monitor performance and make adjustments to improve it, manage security, and perform other ongoing administrative tasks. 12
  • 14. Data Management ◦ A special database system called Data Warehouse or Data Mart (a subset of Data Warehouse) is often used to store enterprise data – The purpose of a data warehouse is to organize lots of stable data for ease of analysis and retrieval. ◦ Large databases that aggregate data collected from multiple sources ◦ Enterprise level data are coming from multiple different sources, but finally combined into Data Warehouse – Operational databases – Spreadsheets – Text, CSV – PDF, Paper 14
  • 15. Data Warehouse CRM ERPHR Call Center Web Apps Finance Inventory 15
  • 16. 16
  • 18. BI - Analysis Tools • Basic querying and reporting - “Tell me what happened.” – Structured and fixed format reports Based on simple and direct queries – Usually involves simple descriptive analysis and transformation of data, such as calculating, sorting, filtering, grouping, and formatting • Ad hoc query and reporting - “Tell me what happened when they need.” – Similar to operational reporting but on a need basis • Business analysis(OLAP) - “Tell me what happened with why.” – A multi-dimensional analysis and reporting application for aggregated data – Great for discovering details from large quantities of data – Business analytics (BA) is the practice of iterative, methodical exploration of an organization’s data with emphasis on statistical analysis. • Data mining - “Tell me what might happen” or “Tell me something interesting.” – Data mining techniques are a blend of statistics and mathematics, and artificial intelligence and machine-learning. 18
  • 19. OLAP CUBE OLAP is an acronym for online analytical processing, refers to multi-dimensional array which is a computer-based technique of analyzing data to look for insights. The term cube here refers to a multi-dimensional dataset, which is also sometimes called a hypercube if the number of dimensions is greater than 3. OLAP slicing: Slice is the act of picking a rectangular subset of a cube by choosing a single value for one of its dimensions, creating a new cube with one fewer dimensions.The picture shows a slicing operation: The sales figures of all sales regions and all product categories of the company in the year 2004 are "sliced" out of the data cube. 19
  • 20. OLAP Functionalities OLAP dicing: The dice operation produces a sub cube by allowing the analyst to pick specific values of multiple dimensions. The picture shows a dicing operation: The new cube shows the sales figures of a limited number of product categories, the time and region dimensions cover the same range as before. OLAP Drill-up and drill-down: Drill Down/Up allows the user to navigate among levels of data ranging from the most summarized (up) to the most detailed (down).The picture shows a drill-down operation: The analyst moves from the summary category "Outdoor- Schutzausrüstung" to see the sales figures for the individual products. 20
  • 21. Roll-up: A roll-up involves summarizing the data along a dimension i.e. processes data on the level of sub totals and totals (aggregation) within a database,. The summarization rule might be computing totals along a hierarchy or applying a set of formulas such as "profit = sales - expenses". OLAP pivoting: Pivot allows an analyst to rotate the cube in space to see its various faces. For example, cities could be arranged vertically and products horizontally while viewing data for a particular quarter. Pivoting could replace products with time periods to see data across time for a single product. The picture shows a pivoting operation: The whole cube is rotated, giving another perspective on the data. 21 OLAP Functionalities
  • 23. Data Mining • Data mining (or, knowledge discovery in database - KDD) – Processes and techniques for seeking knowledge (relationship, trends, patterns, etc.) from a large amount of data – Extremely large datasets • Data mining applications use for – sophisticated statistical and mathematical techniques to find patterns and relationships among data – Classification, clustering, association, estimation, prediction, trending, pattern, etc. • Common techniques – Neural network, genetic algorithm, machine learning 23
  • 24. Presentation • Reports – A report is the presentation of data transformed into formatted and organized information according to specific business requirements. – Based on simple and direct queries: usually involves simple analysis and transformation of data (sorting, calculating, filtering, filtering, grouping, formatting, etc.) – Reports can be static or interactive. But most reports are ready for printing. • Visualization – An essential way for human understanding and sense making – In the forms of table, charts, diagrams – Visualization can also be part of the analysis process (visual analytics) • Dashboard – A dashboard is a visual display of the most important information needed to achieve one or more objectives; consolidated and arranged on a single screen so the information can be monitored at a glance. –Ability to identify trends and Gain total visibility of all systems instantly at one place 24
  • 30. 30 Dashboards (Maps & Multimedia)
  • 32. BI Future Market 32 The global Business Intelligence and Analytics Software Market is expected to grow from $17.90 billion in 2014 to $26.78 billion by 2019, at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 8.4%.