Factor affecting the Environment Due toThermal Power Station AES (Lal Pir) Presented B F y: ahad Bokhari Company LOGO
Environmental Pollution Pollution Pollutants Introduction of Pollutants are contaminants into a substances whichnatural environment that directly or indirectly causes instability, damage us or the disorder, harm or environment discomfort to the ecosystem i.e. physical systems or living organisms.
Forms of PollutionThermal pollution Air pollutionWater pollution Noise pollution
Thermal Pollution 1The term thermal pollution has been used to indicate the detrimental effects of heated effluentsdischarged by various power plants.
Air Pollution 2 Imbalance in the quality of air so as to cause adverse affects on the living organisms existing on earth• Industrial Revolution• Automobile industry
3 Contamination of water by additionof undesirable organic, inorganic orbiological substances to water sources Destroys ecosystem and effectshuman health Industrial effluents
Water Pollution 63% people says that they get water for drinking purpose from Tap. 54% people feel change in the drinking water.
Major Air Pollutants and their damaging effectsOzone: (ground-level ozone is the principal component of smog) A » S B o C u D r c e
VOC’s: (Volatile organic compound); smog formers A »Source B »Health Effects C »Environmental Effects
Nitrogen Dioxide: (One of the NOx); smog-forming chemical Source Health Effects Environmental Effects Property Damage
Particulate Matter (P -10): M (dust, smoke, soot) SourceSource Health Effects Environmental Effects Property Damage
TOXIC INDUSTRIAL WASTECONTROL requirements for control of pollution Landfills are required Refers to oil, waste for waste sludge acids, spent solvents, waste sludge, spent etchants, and waste alkalis, Solvents, waste oil, and spent etchants are recycled
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ORGANIZATION ISO ISOOHSAS 18000 14000
A Survey report of pollution in Muzaffargarh January 22, 2003 Wednesday Ziqa’ad 18, 1423MULTAN, Jan 21: The Punjab Environment Protection Department (EPD) is all set to kickoff a survey in Muzaffargarh district from Wednesday (today) to gauge severity of thepollution being caused there by thermal power stations. Briefing newsmen here onTuesday, Multan district environment officer Mian Khalid Mehmood, who is alsoresponsible to look after the environment-related issues of Muzaffargarh, said that thermalpower stations in Muzaffargarh used 10,000 tons of furnace oil daily. He said the thermalpower station, Muzaffargarh, and Kot Addu power company (Kapco) did not have anyfacility to treat the fumes of furnace oil while AES, Lal Pir, though had the treatment plant,its management seldom used it to lessen the intensity of pollutants emitted by thermalpower units. He said due to the pollution temperature in the surrounding areas of thestations had been constantly rising by four degree Celsius as compared to the areas less-affected by the furnace oil in the district. “Respiratory, skin and ENT diseases are commonin the affected areas besides the ruination of farmland,” he added. He said the survey wasbeing launched on public complaints and if proved guilty the thermal power stations wouldbe served notices under section 21 of the Environment Protection Act, 1997.
Pakistan Environmental Protection Act (PEPA), 1997 Provide for the protection, conservation, rehabilitation and improvement of environment, for the prevention and control of pollution,and promotion of sustainable development. Provides all kind of technical assistance to the Ministry of Environment forformulation of environment policy and programs. Establish standards for discharge or emission of the ambient air, water andsoil, coordinate environmental policies and programs, nationally andinternationally PEPA, 1997, related to pollutioncontrol under section 11 prohibitdischarge or emission of effluent,waste, air pollutant.
LEGISLATION requirements for control of pollution Environment Pollution Control Act (EPCA) April 1, 1999 Air Text water Text Noise pollution Text Hazardous substances control Environmental Protection and Management Act (EPMA) January 1, 2008
Measures to Control Air Pollution Removal of pollutantsReduce sulphurcontent before burning Increased planting of vegetation Use of energy sources other than fossil Legal Measures fuels from authorities