Water cycle by Muhammad Fahad Ansari 12IEEM14

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Muhammad Fahad Ansari 12IEEM14

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Water cycle by Muhammad Fahad Ansari 12IEEM14

  1. 1. “Hydrological Cycle and Residence Time”Muhammad Fahad Ansari 12IEEM14
  2. 2. Water never leaves the Earth. It is constantlybeing cycled through the atmosphere, ocean,and land. This process, known as the watercycle, is driven by energy from the sun. Thewater cycle is crucial to the existence of life onour planet.
  3. 3. The process of evaporation from plants iscalled transpiration. (In other words, it’s likeplants sweating.)
  4. 4.  = Average length of time a substance spends (remains dissolved) in seawater Residence Time = Amount of element in the ocean . The rate at which the element is added to or removed from the ocean • Long r.t. = Unreactive ∀ Higher concentration in seawater • Short r.t. = Reactive ∀ Smaller concentration in seawater * Residence time of water = Average length of time a water molecule remains in a particular reservoir -- e.g., ocean, atmosphere, etc.
  5. 5.  • Conservative constituents – Long residence times – Concentrations change slowly through time – Occur in constant proportions – Are the most abundant dissolved materials (major ions) in the ocean • Nonconservative constituents – Short residence times – Concentrations change quickly through time – Usually seasonal, biological, or short geological or chemical cycles – Gases in seawater

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