Noise pollution presentation by Muhammad Fahad Ansari 12IEEM14

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Muhammad Fahad Ansari 12IEEM14

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Noise pollution presentation by Muhammad Fahad Ansari 12IEEM14

  1. 1. Muhammad Fahad Ansari 12IEEM14
  2. 2. Muhammad Fahad Ansari 12IEEM14
  3. 3. Muhammad Fahad Ansari 12IEEM14
  4. 4.  Noise pollution is displeasing human or machine created sound that disrupts the environment. It is simply defined as "a group of laud, non-harmonious sounds or vibrations that are unpleasant and irritating to ear and have seriously harmful effects on the environment The noise level should be between40 to 60 decibel for the comfort tohuman ear. Muhammad Fahad Ansari 12IEEM14
  5. 5. Effects Of Noise at Different Decibel LevelsS. No Range in decibel Effects01 Below 65 db Tolerable02 80 db Annoying / irritating03 88 db Hearing Disorder if prolonged exposure04 110 db Discomfort & may cause hearing loss05 135 db and above Painful Muhammad Fahad Ansari 12IEEM14
  6. 6. Sources Of NoiseDomestic Noise: It includes the operation of radio, television, recordplayer etc with high volumePublic Noise: It includes the operation of loud speakers with highvolume. It may also include use of vacuum cleaner for a long timeTraffic Noise: It includes the movements and horns of vehicle likebuses, trucks, cars etc with high speed along the roads of the townsor citiesConstruction Noise: It includes the sound created by the concretemixer machines, mosaic polishing machine and vibrator etcIndustrial Noise: It includes sound created by stone crushing factory,glass factory, spinning machines, weaving machines, aluminumfactory, motor garage etc Muhammad Fahad Ansari 12IEEM14
  7. 7. Noise Pollution in Textile Industry Noise in Textile Wet Processing Sector Textile Wet Processing Sector Includes :  Pre-treatment Dyeing Printing Finishing Muhammad Fahad Ansari 12IEEM14
  8. 8. Noise Pollution in Textile Industry Noise in Textile Wet Processing SectorS. No Machines and Equipments Noise Level (dB)01 Desizing, Bleaching and Mercerizing 86-92 Machines02 Jigger and Winch Machines 90-9203 Rope Washing and Rotary Printing 88-90 Machines04 Stenters 88-9205 Boiler House 94-9606 Generators 106-110 Muhammad Fahad Ansari 12IEEM14
  9. 9. Noise Pollution in Textile Industry Noise in Textile Weaving SectorTextile Weaving Sector wherefabric is manufactured byinterlacement of yarn. Muhammad Fahad Ansari 12IEEM14
  10. 10. Noise Pollution in Textile Industry Noise in Textile Weaving SectorS. No Machines Noise Value in dB 1 Shuttle weaving machine 115 2 Projectile weaving machine 95 3 Rapier weaving machine 90 4 Air jet weaving machine 85 Muhammad Fahad Ansari 12IEEM14
  11. 11. Noise Pollution in Textile Industry Noise in Textile Spinning Sector Spinning: “Where yarn is manufactured” through several operations as: Blow Room Carding Draw Frame Combing Simplex Ring Open end/Rotor Muhammad Fahad Ansari 12IEEM14
  12. 12. Noise Pollution in Textile Industry Noise in Textile Spinning SectorS. No Machines and Equipments Noise Level (dB)01 Blow Room 84.802 Carding 89.903 Draw Frame 85.204 Combing 84.405 Simplex 87.206 Ring 100.107 Open end/Rotor 89.9 Muhammad Fahad Ansari 12IEEM14
  13. 13. Textile Noise Pollution Control Muhammad Fahad Ansari 12IEEM14
  14. 14. Textile Noise Pollution Control The textile industrial noise may be avoided by keeping the industries far from residential areas In spinning noise can be reduced by elastomeric spindle elastomeric spindles and elastomeric ring holders. Proper maintenance and lubrication of machine parts Replacement of metal parts with rubber or nylon coated material instead of metal. Tightening of loose parts to avoid vibration Muhammad Fahad Ansari 12IEEM14
  15. 15. Textile Noise Pollution Control Use anti vibration rubber sheet Use vibration isolators to prevent noise transmitted through the base of machine Use sound absorbers Use disposable ear corded ear plugs Muhammad Fahad Ansari 12IEEM14
  16. 16. Muhammad Fahad Ansari 12IEEM14

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