Pengurusan Kesihatan Wanita & HIV

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  • Alohol, recreational drugs etc
  • Alohol, recreational drugs etc
  • Sex education – reproductive system ( school ) , Sex not equivalent to Love
  • Sex education – reproductive system ( school ) , Sex not equivalent to Love
  • Sex education – reproductive system ( school ) , Sex not equivalent to Love
  • Sex education – reproductive system ( school ) , Sex not equivalent to Love
  • Sex education – reproductive system ( school ) , Sex not equivalent to Love
  • Pengurusan Kesihatan Wanita & HIV

    1. 1. Pengurusan Kesihatan Wanita & HIV/AIDS
    2. 2. Are we spared from HIV/AIDS? NO !!!
    3. 3. How Is HIV Transmitted?• Unprotected Sex ( Male – Female, Male-Male )• Sharing needles ( IVDU )• Blood transfusion• Mother  Child transmission
    4. 4. Sex & Drugs• Inner Factor – Try something “interesting”, not knowing the danger and consequences• Outer Factor – Influence from family & friends – Money – Love
    5. 5. Challenges• Women can transmit HIV to their babies• Women are 2x more likely to get HIV from vaginal sex ( large exposure area )• Women lack control in relationship – Scared to say no to sex – Scared to insist their partner use condom – Ignorance of their spouse “outside activity”
    6. 6. We can definitely do something! PREVENTION
    7. 7. Prevention• Good parentage – Be a good example ( role model ) for your children – Take time to talk and listen to them – Educate them – what’s right & wrong from young – Know their friends
    8. 8. Prevention• Remain single
    9. 9. Prevention• Good education
    10. 10. Prevention• Sex education • HIV testing – Taboo ???
    11. 11. High Risk Male Occupation Group• Army personnel• Logging camp workers• Offshore workers• Job that requires “travel overseas” frequently• Lorry driver ( long distance )
    12. 12. Prevention• Condom Usage • Female condom
    13. 13. Prevention• PMTCT Programme
    14. 14. HIV & Pregnancy• Risk of transmission highest during delivery• No intervention ( HAART, LSCS, Baby ARV, Intrapartum Zidovudine , Formula Feed ) : 40%• With Intervention : < 1%
    15. 15. HIV & Pregnancy • Zidovudine monotherapy• HAART – Combivir & Stocrin/ Nevirapine – Combivir & Kaletra
    16. 16. Diagnosed HIV• Counseling – “You are diagnosed with a sexually transmitted disease, therefore it is your duty of not passing it to other people”• Moral support• Treatment
    17. 17. Self Protection – In General• A = Abstinence• B = Be Faithful• C = Condom• ♀ Condom• Get tested for HIV if pregnant

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