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INTERNET OF THING WITH URBAN CENTER
Fadime Özdemir
1) Smart city concepts
Why city especially why smart city
what are the problems
2)IOT Benefits
3)Challenge in adoption of IOT by cities
Overview
Fıve bıg reasons we focus on cıtıes
1.More than half the world lives in cities.
2.By 2050, 70% of the world’s population will live in
cities.
3.More than 60% of cities have yet to be built.
4.Cities have been the center of civilization, life, and
knowledge for centuries.
5. Cities are at the forefront of global innovation.
Smart city concept
Smart City
• Structural Health of buildings
• Waste Management
• Air Quality
• Noise Monitoring
• Traffic Congestion
• City Energy Consumption
• Smart Parking
• Smart Lighting
• Automation of public buildings
Smart City
● Structural Health of buildings
Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) Structural health monitoring is a tool used to ensure the safety and soundness
of structures.
Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) concerns the
continuous monitoring of civil and industrial
buildings to increase human safety and to reduce
maintenance costs.
Smart City
• Waste Management
The most common IoT use case in waste management is route
optimization, which reduces fuel consumption while emptying the
garbage can throughout the city.
Smart City
• Air Quality
Air pollution is a growing problem.
Vehicle traffic and smog from industrial
plants and households and aviation
contribute significantly to air quality
While IoT solutions will not initially
replace fixed monitoring stations, the
relieve of their deployment can provide
some important benefits, including early
indicators of high pollution zones.
In Spain, Barcelona has tapped into smart
lighting that feeds data to the government
as well as sensors across the city to
monitor air quality.
Smart City
• Noise Monitoring
The increase in noise levels in cities are due to factors such as people's migration to big cities,
the impact of transport and traffic, building works, industries, and outdoor and nightlife activities
such as concerts and festivals.
This makes noise pollution one of the problems that worries citizens and public administrations
the most.
The solution for monitoring environmental noise in smart cities
includes
● Sound level meter
● System for data collection (datalogger).
● Control center for data reception.
● Information platform.
Smart City
•Traffic Congestion
vehicles waiting for a longer time at signal lights .
Emergency vehicles blocked by such huge traffic can put one’s
life in danger.
It is a known fact that even when there are less vehicles on one
lane and more on another, the green signal is turned on for the
same time thus wasting precious time on green signal for
empty roads.
Smart City
• City Energy Consumption
Home Appliances,
Education and Healthcare,
Food Industry,
Transportation
With the increase in IoT applications for smart cities,
energy-efficient solutions are also evolving for
low-power devices.
There are some energy-efficient solutions that can
either reduce energy consumption or optimize resource
usage.
Lightweight Protocols,Scheduling
Optimization,Low-Power Transceivers,Cloud-Based
Approach
Smart City
• Smart Parking
Smart parking development implies an
IoT-based system that sends data about
free and occupied parking places with
web/mobile application
The IoT-device, including sensors and
microcontrollers, is located in each
parking place
Smart City
• Smart Lighting
Smart lighting is broadly understood to cover
the automation of lamp responses, such as
dimming or on/off control to enhance user
comfort and save energy.
An ambient light sensor (ALS) can be used to
detect the amount of natural light available,
allowing a lamp's output to be adjusted
accordingly
Smart City
• Automation of public buildings
Automated heating control
By configuring your heating so that it only
functions at certain times, you are able to reduce
your overall costs.
Control of your lighting systems
A single switch can be configured to activate
or deactivate all lighting in the building, or
individual lights can be turned on and off
remotely.
Notifications
Sensors can detect when you have left windows
and doors open and notify you accordingly.
Smart Cities : Typical Smart City Solutions
Application in Smart Cities
Benefits:
SURVEILLANCE
● Reduction of Crime
● Improved City Management
● Crime Detection and
Resolution
Benefits:
CONNECTED TRAFFIC SIGNALS
● Reduced congestion
● Improved emergency services
● response times
● Lower fuel usage
Benefits:
PARKING
● Increased competence
● Reduction in Pollution
● Fuel and cost savings
● New revenue opportunities
Benefits:
LIGHTING
● Increased competence
● Reduced Maintenance
● Power and Cost Savings
● New revenue opportunities
● Reduced the industrial
accident
Benefits:
CITY SERVICES
● Efficient service delivery and response system
● Increased revenues
● Enhanced environmental monitoring capabilities
● Access to Connectivity
● Access of Information to citizens
Challenges in Adaption of IoT by Cities
Ubiquitous
connectivity
Ubiquitous
connectivity Security and
“trustability”
Interoperability
Challenges in Adaption of IoT by Cities
Lack of “role
models”
Return on
Investment (RoI)
Adaptability
Site introduction:https://2050.earth/
Thank you

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Internet of thing with urban center

  • 1. INTERNET OF THING WITH URBAN CENTER Fadime Özdemir
  • 2. 1) Smart city concepts Why city especially why smart city what are the problems 2)IOT Benefits 3)Challenge in adoption of IOT by cities Overview
  • 3. Fıve bıg reasons we focus on cıtıes 1.More than half the world lives in cities. 2.By 2050, 70% of the world’s population will live in cities. 3.More than 60% of cities have yet to be built. 4.Cities have been the center of civilization, life, and knowledge for centuries. 5. Cities are at the forefront of global innovation.
  • 5. Smart City • Structural Health of buildings • Waste Management • Air Quality • Noise Monitoring • Traffic Congestion • City Energy Consumption • Smart Parking • Smart Lighting • Automation of public buildings
  • 6. Smart City ● Structural Health of buildings Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) Structural health monitoring is a tool used to ensure the safety and soundness of structures. Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) concerns the continuous monitoring of civil and industrial buildings to increase human safety and to reduce maintenance costs.
  • 7. Smart City • Waste Management The most common IoT use case in waste management is route optimization, which reduces fuel consumption while emptying the garbage can throughout the city.
  • 8. Smart City • Air Quality Air pollution is a growing problem. Vehicle traffic and smog from industrial plants and households and aviation contribute significantly to air quality While IoT solutions will not initially replace fixed monitoring stations, the relieve of their deployment can provide some important benefits, including early indicators of high pollution zones. In Spain, Barcelona has tapped into smart lighting that feeds data to the government as well as sensors across the city to monitor air quality.
  • 9. Smart City • Noise Monitoring The increase in noise levels in cities are due to factors such as people's migration to big cities, the impact of transport and traffic, building works, industries, and outdoor and nightlife activities such as concerts and festivals. This makes noise pollution one of the problems that worries citizens and public administrations the most. The solution for monitoring environmental noise in smart cities includes ● Sound level meter ● System for data collection (datalogger). ● Control center for data reception. ● Information platform.
  • 10. Smart City •Traffic Congestion vehicles waiting for a longer time at signal lights . Emergency vehicles blocked by such huge traffic can put one’s life in danger. It is a known fact that even when there are less vehicles on one lane and more on another, the green signal is turned on for the same time thus wasting precious time on green signal for empty roads.
  • 11. Smart City • City Energy Consumption Home Appliances, Education and Healthcare, Food Industry, Transportation With the increase in IoT applications for smart cities, energy-efficient solutions are also evolving for low-power devices. There are some energy-efficient solutions that can either reduce energy consumption or optimize resource usage. Lightweight Protocols,Scheduling Optimization,Low-Power Transceivers,Cloud-Based Approach
  • 12. Smart City • Smart Parking Smart parking development implies an IoT-based system that sends data about free and occupied parking places with web/mobile application The IoT-device, including sensors and microcontrollers, is located in each parking place
  • 13.
  • 14. Smart City • Smart Lighting Smart lighting is broadly understood to cover the automation of lamp responses, such as dimming or on/off control to enhance user comfort and save energy. An ambient light sensor (ALS) can be used to detect the amount of natural light available, allowing a lamp's output to be adjusted accordingly
  • 15. Smart City • Automation of public buildings Automated heating control By configuring your heating so that it only functions at certain times, you are able to reduce your overall costs. Control of your lighting systems A single switch can be configured to activate or deactivate all lighting in the building, or individual lights can be turned on and off remotely. Notifications Sensors can detect when you have left windows and doors open and notify you accordingly.
  • 16. Smart Cities : Typical Smart City Solutions
  • 18. Benefits: SURVEILLANCE ● Reduction of Crime ● Improved City Management ● Crime Detection and Resolution
  • 19. Benefits: CONNECTED TRAFFIC SIGNALS ● Reduced congestion ● Improved emergency services ● response times ● Lower fuel usage
  • 20. Benefits: PARKING ● Increased competence ● Reduction in Pollution ● Fuel and cost savings ● New revenue opportunities
  • 21. Benefits: LIGHTING ● Increased competence ● Reduced Maintenance ● Power and Cost Savings ● New revenue opportunities ● Reduced the industrial accident
  • 22. Benefits: CITY SERVICES ● Efficient service delivery and response system ● Increased revenues ● Enhanced environmental monitoring capabilities ● Access to Connectivity ● Access of Information to citizens
  • 23. Challenges in Adaption of IoT by Cities Ubiquitous connectivity Ubiquitous connectivity Security and “trustability” Interoperability
  • 24. Challenges in Adaption of IoT by Cities Lack of “role models” Return on Investment (RoI) Adaptability