Research indicates that participation in
extracurricular activities affects students’
The purpose of this study was to determine
whether or not the activities in which students
choose to participate have an effect on their
academic performance. The study’s survey
instrument which was distributed to students
enrolled in BBA through MBA at management
department of hazara university havelian
“A study by the U. S. Department of Education
revealed that students who participate in cocurricular activities are three times more likely to
have a grade point average of 3.0 or better” than
students who do not participate in co-curricular
activities (Stephens & Schaben, 2002, para.
“The home environment is among the most
important influences on academic performance”
(Bringing Up Girls in Science, 2003, para. 2).
Extracurricular Activities and Academic
Guest and Schneider (2003), in looking at the
previous research on this subject said,
“Researchers have found positive associations
between extracurricular participation and academic
achievement” (para. 2).
A number of studies revealed that students
participating in extracurricular activities did better
academically than students who did not participate”
(Marsh & Kleitman, 2002, para. 7). R
Some researchers have divided
extracurricular activities into informal and
“Early analysis of the effect of participation in
sports on academic achievement produced
inconsistent evidence” (Broh, 2002, para. 3).
Darling et al. (2005) found that students who did
not participate in any extracurricular activities
showed the poorest adjustment as far as
grades, attitude toward school, and academic
aspirations, while non-sport extracurricular
activities showed the most positive adjustment,
with sports related extracurricular activities in
the middle (Para. 40).
Eady (2004) holds a similar view, believing
that “music can influence learning in core
subjects as well as contribute to the
attainment of core goals in learning” (Para.
Milley conducted a case study on students
involved in band and orchestra.
. Marsh & Kleitman (2002) reported that
“more time in extracurricular activities and
structured groups and less time watching TV
are associated with higher test scores and
school grades” (Para. 15).
Bar-on (1999) reported that “over 4,000
studies have been published on measuring
the effect of television on student.
Shin, in researching television and its effects
on academic performance
suggests that “watching television displaces
or takes time away from intellectually
demanding activities such as doing
homework and studying,” which has a
negative effect on grades and academic
performance (Shin, 2004, para. 4).
The survey instrument used in this study was
designed to determine whether or not the
activities that students choose have an effect
on their academic performance and was
based on a five point Likert-scale.
98 copies of the survey instrument were
distributed; 52 were returned and 52 were
used in this study. The data collected from
the 52 subjects will be discussed in
subsequent sections, commencing with the
reporting of the demographic findings. The
survey indicated that 35% of the students
were in BBA (3); 35% were in BBA (1), while
31% were in MBA (1). Table 1 summarizes
the survey responses.
Participation in musical performance does
not improve academic performance; athletic
participation improves academic
performance; watching television improves
academic performance; and participation in
community service improves academic
performance among the management
student of hazara university havelian
Within the stated purpose and findings of this study,
the following conclusions appear warranted:
1. Participation in extracurricular activities has a
positive effect on academic performance among the
sampled management department at Hazara
2. Participation in athletics, television viewing, and
community service improve academic performance,
while participation in musical performance does not
improve academic performance among the sampled
junior high students attending Hazara University.
The effects of different extracurricular
activities than were researched in this study
should be evaluated.
Research determining which academic
subject areas are most influenced by
extracurricular activities can be done.