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Burp Suite Starter

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Burp Suite is an integrated platform for performing security testing of web applications. Its various tools work seamlessly together to support the entire testing process, from initial mapping and analysis of an application's attack surface, through to finding and exploiting security vulnerabilities.

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Burp Suite Starter

  1. 1. Burp Suite – Web Application Pen testing APRIL 2016 FABDULWAHAB.COM
  2. 2. Overview  Easy to use , Written in Java language , Cross platform  Integrated platform for web application security  Includes multiple tools  Developed by PortSwigger Ltd  http://www.portswigger.net/  Two editions  Free  Professional  Automatic scanner  … more features  Local web proxy to intercept Http/s requests  Acquires site details by visit pages , scripts , prams …
  3. 3. Integrated Tools  Target  Aggregate all web application resources  Proxy  Spider  Crawler to discover new pages and prams  Scanner  Security scanner , available only with prof version  Intruder  To customize and automate web requests using fuzzing  Repeater  To manually modify and re-issue web requests
  4. 4. Integrated Tools  Sequencer  Verifying the randomness and predictability of tokens , cookies …  Decoder  To encode and decode data  Comparer  A visual diff tool to detect changes between web pages
  5. 5. Installation  What do I need?  100 MB disk  2 GB RAM  OS (Windows , Mac or Linux)  JRE 1.6+ or OpenJDK (but not officially supported)  Recommended browser is Firefox  Download the file and then unpacking it  To start it , from cmd run java -jar burpSuite.jar
  6. 6. Installation  Or to specify the amount of memory java -Xmx2g -jar burpsuite_v1.4.01.jar  -Xmx2g is used to increase up to 2 gigabyte (or -Xmx2048M)  Common errors include wrong permissions or incorrect paths  http://docs.oracle.com/cd/E13150_01/jrockit_jvm/jrockit/jrdocs/refman/optionX.html#wp999 528  Or start it by double click on .jar file (but you can’t customize the memory , allocate the Max)  Has API to extend its functionality using Extender tool (can be written in Java, Python, or Ruby)  https://portswigger.net/bappstore/default.aspx
  7. 7. Proxy Configuration  Default on port 8080/Tcp  Proxy | Options (check running box)  In case of errors, you will notice the presence of exceptions in the alerts tab  If loopback enabled, then it will accept requests from local machine only (can’t access Burp remotely)  For standalone clients or mobile applications using http/s then select support invisible proxying for non-proxy-aware clients  Why Firefox is recommended?  Doesn’t include any embedded Ant-XSS filters to interfere your testing  Use Profile feature  Only send browser HTTP/s requests  Configure proxy for the browsers  Remove all exceptions from the No Proxy for field  Disable extensions like disable flash ,NoScript …
  8. 8. Proxy Configuration  FoxyProxy Standard is a Mozilla Firefox add-on to get fine-grained control over proxy traffic  Automates the processing of settings  To ensure only send selective traffic to Burp Suite  You can configure multiple proxies  Install it , Add New Proxy , configure URL patterns (*example.com/* )  Also add *burp/* (required)  Select the mode as Use proxies as their pre-defined patterns and priorities
  9. 9. Plug-n-Hack  Firefox add-on supported with Burp  https://blog.mozilla.org/security/2013/08/22/plug-n-hack/  Install .xpi and then go to Add-on manager  Open http://burp/pnh  This tool help you to configure Burp in simple way
  10. 10. Test configuration  Browser web site  Go to Proxy | Intercept tab (make sure intercept is on)  Check Target | Site map  A tree of resources  Burp can be configured as MITM to eavesdrop all requests  To avoid invalid certificate warning , add Burp root certificate or add exception from browsers
  11. 11. HTTPs  SSL/TLS to prevent eavesdropping, tampering, and MITM attacks  Browsers and servers exchange X.509 certificates, which are signed by certificate authorities  Visit http://burp (used to confirm burp is up) , download CA Certificate  Then import it to browser trusted certificates  Configure SSL Proxy
  12. 12. SSL Settings  In iOS or android  Send certificate as an email and then install the root certificate on devices  It may not be possible to intercept SSL traffic, Burp will show an SSL negotiation error in the Alerts tab  For example when a mobile application utilizes certificate pinning  In this case we still want to continue working with other parts of the application so we can use SSL pas-through list or check the box to make it automatically
  13. 13. Invisible proxy  A thick client is a software that usually runs outside of the browser framework  We need to trick it into sending all its traffic to the machine where the Burp proxy can listen  For example , if the application need to connect to example.com then in host file  Also need to add new listener on port 80 or 443  Also if the site is using HTTPs then
  14. 14. Invisible proxy  Then we need to send the traffic from Burp to the original server  Options | Connections | Hostname Resolution
  15. 15. Invisible proxy  To intercept traffic from TV, iOS and android devices  Options >> Proxy  You can add multiple listeners (make sure it ‘s running)  Use different port to avoid confusing
  16. 16. Scope  Limited by domain , subdomain , folder name or filenames  Under Target tab >> Scope  You can edit it or use regular expression  Also you can load… the targets from file  URL patterns can either be inclusive or exclusive  Options >> Drop all out-of-scope requests (good to go with this option)
  17. 17. Testing 01  Start browsering to allow Burp to proxying your web site  At the top of Burp proxy our website tab:  Intercept: to inspect and modify the request  Options: proxy configuration , and advanced preferences  History: to see all intercepted traffic to analyze (focus on Params)  When you browse the web site , Burp will wait for your action to Forward the request  Or drop it then the user will get a warning message from Burp
  18. 18. Testing 01  When you browse the web site , action button become active to import the current request to any other tool of Burp  For example you can decode the request by clicking on send to decoder  To stop forwarding , set intercept off (but still recording without stop the request)  You can intercept responses matching specific patterns  Check Intercept server response from Options tab  For example only inspect response with 200 status code
  19. 19. Testing 02  Inspect the requests  Raw: simple text  Prams: show all entry points for potential vulnerabilities  Headers  Hex: good for binary content  History tab , show the original and modified requests  Double click to see the content details  Each request identify by unique number  You can color them , highlight them  Filter by if URL has pram , status code or by scope  In Prof version, you can search by text or regular expressions
  20. 20. Tampering web requests  To inject the user inputs …  Edit raw view during intercept , change for example ?key=test value  Then click forward button  Result , from HTTP history then double click on it and go to Params tab  Also you can add a new pram , header …
  21. 21. Match and replace  For example to intercept the website as mobile version from local PC  Options | match and replace  Create new rule , select request header to match  Type ^User-Agent.*$ (to match all agents)  Then in second field , type Mozilla/5.0 (iPhone; U; CPU like Mac OS X; en)  The above format match only iPhone browser (In replace field)  Then let Burp intercept the request (it will modify it based on the match rule)
  22. 22. HTML modification  By default, Burp doesn't intercept responses  Intercept Server Responses  Ideally only intercept if the request is modified  A request is intercepted  The request is in scope  Burp Proxy | options (Response Modification), to remove JavaScript or modify HTML  You can use it to remove client side validation or tamper the request  You can unhide hidden form fields  Remove input length limits  Remove JavaScript validation
  23. 23. Using the target site map functionality  Enumerate resources  You can reduce the scope by right click (add item to scope)(add root URL)  To filter by domains , Target | site map | Filter  Good to filter with only in-scope items option  You can edit the scope items , use regular expressions  You can exclude from scope like logout function  After defining scope , you can use context menu to spider , scan...  Also to reproduce HTTP requests , choose request in browser with either use the current browser session or the original session (Good to verify risks)  Copy the URL and paste it to browser
  24. 24. Using the target site map functionality  Resources that have been already requested by the tool are marked in black, whereas endpoints that are linked by other resources, but haven't been retrieved by Burp, are marked in gray
  25. 25. Crawling web application with Spider  Crawling a web application with Spider (web crawling)  To retrieve visible and hidden resources (based on links in previous requests …)  Website with Ajax and Flash based content may not completely crawled  Default options is enough but you can have more options in Options tab  Change Maximum link depth represents the maximum number of redirections to follow for a resource  Reduce Number of thread count if you have limited resources  To provide spider username and passwords for login application
  26. 26. Crawling web application with Spider  You can also define form fields to submit during crawls  You can define fields based on regular expression to define emails  Then run spider (Burp Spider uses the scope defined)
  27. 27. Crawling web application with Spider  All results from the discovery are automatically added to Target | site map  Also it is very important to properly map all application resources by manually browsing the website  Burp show you the progress  Check the alerts tab during running spider
  28. 28. Lunching automatic scan  Lunching automatic scan  Included in prof edition only  Scan for common security flaws  Active/Passive scan (Passive only analyze the requests offline)  https://portswigger.net/burp/help/scanner_scanmodes.html#passive  Use this site for testing http://google-gruyere.appspot.com/  By default, Burp Scanner is configured to perform passive scanning (You can change it from Live scanning section)  You can run it against scope or specific branch  If you choose active scan , wizard will start  To exclude resources like images , CSS , …  Next to exclude pages like delete users , logout
  29. 29. Lunching automatic scan  You can configure more options to enable or disable for example :  To tamper :  URL parameter values in GET  Body parameter values in POST  Cookies  Header  AMF string parameter for Adobe flex application  REST URLs  You can choose attacks to enable or disable  Also to limit the number of threads
  30. 30. Lunching automatic scan  You can resume , delete or pause for specific resource  Check the Issue activity and Scan queue tabs  Confidence: An estimation of the tool's confidence (Certain, Firm, and Tentative)  Sometime you need to validate it manually  You can change report information like Severity or Confidence  You can save the result as HTML or XML (select Issues from Issue activity and then Right click to generate report)  You can open it in other tools like Metasploit  You can customize the report like what data to show ,
  31. 31. Customized attacks with intruder  Automatic customized attacks with intruder  To iterate using fuzzing (like login form)  First step to send the request to intruder from history tab  Then go to target tab to configure host and port (no need to change)  In positions tab , select payload for attack (By default it will highlighted them)  Click clear to add your own by highlight it and then click add  Auto to get the default parameters  Choose attack types as following:
  32. 32. Customized attacks with intruder  Sniper : Each of the selected parameter is fuzzed using a single payload sequentially  Battering ram: the payload is sent to all the selected parameters at the same time then same for the second payload …  Pitchfork: each parameter is fuzzed using a defined payload  Cluster bomb: to test the parameters using all the combinations of the payload
  33. 33. Customized attacks with intruder  Note , some attacks required more than one payload list  Then Configuring payloads (list of string to injected)  The Pro version of Burp comes with a lot of attack payloads ,also good practice to add FuzzDB , Web App URLs and OWASP DirBuster Project  Types  Preset list: the user can load a list of attack vectors (wordlist) from external text files or can define them manually  Numbers: automatically generate numbers based on the specific configuration  Dates: automatically generate date from and to a specific day  Bruteforce: generate all possible strings permutations given a characters set and the min/max length of the resulting string  For example , to create attack list to detect SQL injection  Select preset list  Add ‘–  Add ‘
  34. 34. Customized attacks with intruder  By default , Intruder will URL-encode all characters specified in Payload encoding text field  Payload processing example :To lower case rule, add prefix , Hash , Encode …  In options tab , you can configure No. of threads  Also grep option , to enable you search for strings or regular expressions to be searched in the web responses (highlight these requests)  To detect common error strings or exceptions or invalid access word  To lunch the attack , intruder | start attack (you can save the confirmation and then load it from the menu to add more customizations)  Observe the results in result table (pay attention to HTTP status code and length)
  35. 35. Dealing with Repeater  To repeat request and modify it  To make sure endpoint is secure or insecure  You can modify the request and send it multiple times  From history tab , select request and send to repeater  Modify the request , like change request method  Repeater Menu  You can modify the Content-Length automatically  The follow redirects option allows to select whether Burp Repeater should display the actual web response or, instead follow all redirects (302 Redirect status code) and display the landing page
  36. 36. Dealing with Repeater  By selecting the process cookies in redirections option, it is possible to ad operate the request's session tokens during the application redirects  Burp Repeater allows to create, delete, or rename tabs
  37. 37. Randomness with Sequencer  Analyzing application data randomness with Sequencer  To analyze the predictability of application data, such as session cookies and anti-CSRF tokens , user activation token …  Sequencer does not perform any injection attack  In history tab , select login request and sent to sequencer  In select request table , select the request  In Token location section , within live capture tab , we need to tell Burp how to analyze data within the response  Cookie and form fields show parameters are present in the page and you can manage it manually
  38. 38. Randomness with Sequencer  Go to Manual load and load your test tokens  Click on analyze now to see the results to show how many tokens passed  Summary tab to show an overview report  Randomness could be good or bad  Also you could see character-level analysis or bit-level analysis reports at char or bit position  http://www.portswigger.net/burp/help/sequencer_tests.html
  39. 39. Decoding and encoding  Decoding and encoding data with Decoder  For encoding and decoding strings in multiple formats  Also Burp Decoder allows to create message digests for common hash functions, including MD2, MD5, SHA, SHA256, and SHA512  Smart decode button, Burp will attempt to decode the content of a string by looking for recognizable formats
  40. 40. Comparing site maps  Comparing site maps  Help in covering access control issues  For example, you can browse the application with a standard user account and then reiterate all requests using an administrative user  Also many times with Blind SQL injection, there can be tiny differences in HTTP responses, and the tool can help you identify exactly what is different  Bytes or words comparison  Allows to compare two site maps and highlight differences
  41. 41. Comparing site maps  Note: it doesn’t make injection or remote attacks  For example in Site map , select Account folder and click compare site maps  So define site map 1 (source)  Then select branches to be included or items in scope only  Then define site map 2
  42. 42. Comparing site maps  Let us assume our first site map recorded as User1 session  In site map 2 , we need to invalidate our cookies and use the new session  Minimize the compare site maps wizard and go to Project options | sessions  Click on view cookie jar, This is the repository of all session tokens used by Burp  Tamper cookies value to simulate non- authenticated user and then close the windows  Click on edit, on the right-hand side of the session handling table
  43. 43. Comparing site maps  Burp will open a new window, named Session handling rule editor. Go to the scope tab and select the target checkbox in the Tools scope section  Click on Done and get back to the compare site maps  Leave all options as they are and proceed further  Use the default settings  Burp will start requesting site map 1 resources with the modified session, in order to build site map 2
  44. 44. Comparing site maps  Burp will automatically compute all differences and display the results to the user  Sync selection, Burp will sync resources from the two sites, enabling you to simultaneously scroll down the two panels and items with visual differences
  45. 45. Other Utilities  Engagement tools is a Pro-only feature of Burp Suite  Search : to find relevant information very quickly  In target site map , you can export comments  Dynamic update allows us to automatically update the search results based on our term if more responses contain the term  Analyze target : to quickly figure out how many dynamic and static links you are dealing with in a website  Also tell you how many parameters are required for each of the links  To calculate time and effort required to test the application  Picks information from the site map, and it does not do any scanning of its own
  46. 46. Other Utilities  Engagement tools is a Pro-only feature of Burp Suite  Content Discovery : to discover content, including brute-forcing file and folder names  Task Scheduler : to automate the process like backup burp session , scanning (start , resume ,pause and spidering)  CSRF proof of concept Generator :takes any request and automatically writes the HTML code for doing a PoC to check if the application check for CSRF risk  Generate HTML and JavaScript to auto submit the form
  47. 47. Save our work  It is a Pro-only feature of Burp Suite  For free edition , use OWASP ZAP to proxy the session  You can set password to secure the sensitive information  There is no way to save the state for Intruder. What you can do is save the attack configurations with payloads  Options | Misc under Automatic Backup  To save the work automatically  Options | Misc | Logging  to log each and every HTTP request and response for the different tools
  48. 48. Help  http://www.portswigger.net/burp/help/  http://portswigger.net/burp/faq.html  http://www.securityaegis.com/pentesting-with-burp-suite-takingthe-web-back-from-automated- scanners  http://console-cowboys.blogspot.com/2012/07/setting-up-burpdevelopment-environment.html  http://vimeo.com/11553558  http://forum.portswigger.net/  http://blog.portswigger.net/  https://twitter.com/PortSwigger  https://twitter.com/carste1n  https://twitter.com/_ikki
  49. 49. References  Burp Suite Starter , PACKT book , 2013  Burp Suite Essentials , PACKT book , 2014  PenQ tool for for spidering, advanced web searching, fingerprinting, and much more

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