Systematic Searching Kieran Lamb Head of Library Services  Fade Library, Liverpool PCT
<ul><li>OR, AND, NOT </li></ul><ul><li>PICO and ECLIPS tools to make designing a search strategy easy </li></ul><ul><li>Na...
OR OR – expands a search by creating an either or situation FISH OR CHIPS Retrieves FISH CHIPS FISH AND CHIPS
AND AND – limits a search by creating an situation where all elements must be present FISH AND CHIPS Retrieves FISH AND CH...
NOT – limits a search by creating an situation by excluding records CHIPS NOT FISH Retrieves CHIPS NOT
PICO P  –  patient or  population I  –  Intervention C –  Comparison O –  Outcome Within columns OR between columns AND
ECLIPS E  –  Expectation C  – Client Group  L  – Location I  – Impact P  – Profesionals involved S  – Service Within colum...
<ul><li>Controlled Vocabularies use preferred terms to describe concepts e.g. the MESH preferred term for PRIMARY CARE is ...
Natural Language v Controlled Vobaularies <ul><li>+ ensures maximum retrieval </li></ul><ul><li>+ precisely defined and co...
Databases to Search <ul><li>NHS Evidence  – Synthesised evidence and materials from NHS Evidence Specialist Collections (E...
<ul><li>Further ?s </li></ul>Time to Search
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Systematic Searching

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Systematic Searching

  1. 1. Systematic Searching Kieran Lamb Head of Library Services Fade Library, Liverpool PCT
  2. 2. <ul><li>OR, AND, NOT </li></ul><ul><li>PICO and ECLIPS tools to make designing a search strategy easy </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Language and Controlled Vocabularies explained </li></ul><ul><li>Where to Search? </li></ul>Outline
  3. 3. OR OR – expands a search by creating an either or situation FISH OR CHIPS Retrieves FISH CHIPS FISH AND CHIPS
  4. 4. AND AND – limits a search by creating an situation where all elements must be present FISH AND CHIPS Retrieves FISH AND CHIPS
  5. 5. NOT – limits a search by creating an situation by excluding records CHIPS NOT FISH Retrieves CHIPS NOT
  6. 6. PICO P – patient or population I – Intervention C – Comparison O – Outcome Within columns OR between columns AND
  7. 7. ECLIPS E – Expectation C – Client Group L – Location I – Impact P – Profesionals involved S – Service Within columns OR between columns AND
  8. 8. <ul><li>Controlled Vocabularies use preferred terms to describe concepts e.g. the MESH preferred term for PRIMARY CARE is PRIMARY HEALTH CARE </li></ul><ul><li>Natural language searches search for the term exactly as you type it and is author dependent. </li></ul><ul><li>Systematic searches will use both natural language and controlled vocabularies in their strategy </li></ul>Natural Language and Controlled Vobaularies
  9. 9. Natural Language v Controlled Vobaularies <ul><li>+ ensures maximum retrieval </li></ul><ul><li>+ precisely defined and consitent </li></ul><ul><li>+ hierarchy enhances search </li></ul><ul><li>+ brownie points for assignments! </li></ul><ul><li>- time lag in adoption of new concepts </li></ul><ul><li>need to be consistently applied </li></ul><ul><li>native to each product </li></ul>+ simple and natural + precise way of searching (superficially) + keeps up-to-date with new developments - Soft use of languages means synonyms predominate Controlled Vocabulary Searches for preferred key terms Natural Language Searches for exactly the term you type
  10. 10. Databases to Search <ul><li>NHS Evidence – Synthesised evidence and materials from NHS Evidence Specialist Collections (Evidence based materials) </li></ul><ul><li>Cochrane Library - CDR, HTA, DARE, NHSeed, Methodology Register, Controlled Trials Register (Evidence based materials) </li></ul><ul><li>AMED (Complementary medicine and allied health) </li></ul><ul><li>BNI (Nursing) </li></ul><ul><li>CINAHL (Nursing and allied health) </li></ul><ul><li>Embase (Clinical medicine and pharmacology) </li></ul><ul><li>HMIC (Policy and management) </li></ul><ul><li>Medline (Clinical medicine, Allied Health, Nursing, Vet Science) </li></ul><ul><li>PsycINFO (Psychology and mental health) </li></ul><ul><li>Best Bets (Evidence based materials) </li></ul><ul><li>Trip Database (Evidence based materials) </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Further ?s </li></ul>Time to Search

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