Fun facts about planet venus


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I introduce my File Facts about Venus.pdf, which contain the useful information about Venus planet. There are also some pictures of Venus. I hope that, they will provide to you useful knowledge about astronomy in general and Venus in particular.

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Fun facts about planet venus

  1. 1. The Discovery of Planet Venus In ancient Roman mythology, Venus wasknown as the god of love, beauty, andfertility (derived from the representation ofthe Greek goddess, Aphrodite). This Romanreligious belief gave birth to the name of acelestial body, hence the name of the planetVenus. Venus is the nearest neighboringplanet of the Earth, sitting second from thesun in the arrangement of the solar system. Ithas earned its place as the 6th largest planet,and is the only one of its kind with aclockwise revolution from the sun. Venus isalso the brightest bulb in the sky seen by theunaided eye. The location, size, orbital behavior, andvisibility, are characteristics and distinctionsthat represent the various theories surrounding the discovery of planet Venus. The questions thatlie on who, when, and how it was discovered, are justified by the following series of events: The Morning and the Evening Star: The Visibility of Venus The planet Venus has been observed by humans long before it was even known to be aplanet. Venus has been easily spotted by early human settlers because of its extreme brightnessamong the rest. During the prehistoric times, Venus was said to be thought of as having twodifferent entities. Because it consistently moved in the sky from time to time, it earned anidentity seen at sunrise that differs from the other seen at sunset. Hence, it was referred to as boththe Morning Star, as well as the Evening Star. Pythagoras’ Theory: Identifying the Morning and Evening Star Pythagoras was the first to discover that the two distinctions seen on separate times of theday, was indeed one and the same object. This revelation was of course true, however, it wasbacked up by an incorrect theory that the celestial body revolves around the Earth. The Copernican Model of the Solar System: Venus as a Planet The conceptualization of a sun-centered solar system was developed by Nicolaus Copernicusin the 16th century. This led to the discovery that Venus is a planet (along with Earth, Mars,Mercury, Jupiter, and Saturn), and that it is revolving around the sun.
  2. 2. Galileo’s Revelation: The Phases of Venus In 1610, Galileo Galilei observed througha telescope, that the planet gradually changesto different phases as the night continues. Andwith each phase it goes through, the planetappears larger. The phases began from a fullyilluminated sphere, to a half-sphere, and thenbecoming crescent-shaped. Galileo concludedthat the phases meant that Venus orbits thesun, and that the size associated with eachphase, meant that it is moving closer to theEarth. The observation of Galileo confirmedCopernicus’ concept of the solar system, anddebunked Pythagoras’ theory that Venusrevolves around Earth. Additional Discoveries Venus is filled with sulfuric acid clouds which are extremely hot. The high temperaturecauses all of its bodies of water to evaporate. Its surface is even said to have a higher temperaturethan that of Mercury. The core component of Venus and its size are similar to that of the Earth’s.As with the planet’s clockwise rotation, it was astronomer Robert Richardson who made theinteresting discovery. Revelations often take the form of a gift wrapped in several boxes. To find out what’s inside,the present has to be unwrapped more than once. These historical events show that there was nosingle or sole observation, but rather a series of observations over the course of time that led tothe discovery of planet Venus.
  3. 3. Planet Venus - A Place Like Dante’s Hell If one finds himself entering the depths of hell, one should be prepared for what is in storefor him. As in Dante’s Inferno, “Abandon all hope, ye who enter here”. In a place wheredarkness looms, where infinite despair and suffering await the treacherous soul, indeed no hopecan peep through any walls. There is no light that shines, only balls of blazing molten rocks fromthe core of the underworld. If any place would be likehell; more so if it were in anyway similar to Dante Alighieri’sversion of it, it is of certaintythat no living person or thingcan survive in it. Whether theconcept of such horrific worldexists or not, there is no tellingfor sure how things will be likeoutside the only world peopleare familiar with: Earth. Andconsidering the mere fact thatthe Earth’s “twin planet” sitsvery close to the sun, it is notimpossible to imagine theconnotation on planet Venus: aplace like Dante’s Hell. Venus is known to have extreme atmospheric composition. It is mainly made up of carbondioxide, and is also abundant in Nitrogen. Its middle layers contain sulfur dioxide. This gascreates a tremendously foul stench, and is also found in Venus’ cloud composition of sulfuricacid. Due to the planet’s excessive amount of carbon dioxide, it experiences runaway greenhouseeffects. Once the sun’s heat enters the walls of Venus, the chances of it bouncing back to space,is slim to none. The extreme heat abruptly wipes out any traces of evidence that there are bodiesof water that may exist (or have existed) in the planet. Ironic to the planet’s proximity to the sun, thick clouds of sulfuric acid consistently cover theskies, leaving not much room for sunlight to enter. If it were to be compared to a type of weatherhere on Earth, it could be similar to heavy, opaque clouds that pile up when a tornado is about towreck havoc. Only difference is, the thick clouds block the blue light, making the thick cloudsappear tinted with boding evil red. Moreover, since these clouds are a lot like storm clouds,heavy rains also pour for days on end (heavy sulfuric acid rain for that matter).
  4. 4. Venus is also home to thousands of volcanoes, with its biggest sizing to about 500 km acrossand 3 km wide. Pools of ferocious lava spread across the Venus grounds, as if taking the place ofwater. But perhaps the most hell-like attribute of Venus is the hostile condition of its surface.With a temperature of about 700 to 900 degrees Fahrenheit, and with a surface pressureexceeding that of the Earth over 90 times, no man would be caught unwilling to repent for hissins if shown of such fate after death. Contrary to the planet’s alias asthe Earth’s “twin sister”, the picturepainted of what Venus is like upclose, is in many ways more like hell(or better yet, Earth’s “evil sister”).Despite the fact that both the Earthand Venus share similar size andmass characteristics, it is notdifficult to see that they differ fromeach other far more than they arealike. Venus can also be seen as arepresentation of the effects ofman’s incessant polluting behavior.If people do not make an effort tocounter global warming, it is likelythat the Earth would experience runaway greenhouse effects. It is likely that with the use ofharmful sources of energy, the gasses carbon dioxide, nitrogen, and sulfur oxide would be moreabundant than oxygen. Bodies of water that are vital to life will eventually dry up and will bereplaced by sulfuric acid rain. In other words, Venus may be the reflection of Earth’s future destiny if man does not cease tochange his ways. Whichever way it is understood, it serves as a pun intended to warn man of hisfate; planet Venus: a place like Dante’s hell.
  5. 5. The Planet Venus in Fact and Fiction The mystery of the outside world has baffled man since the dawn of time. And because of theEarth’s atmospheric composition that allows all forms of life to cultivate, it is only natural forman to question if other planets possess similar qualities that are essential for any signs of life toexist. For many years, Venus has been considered the “twin sister” of Earth. This is true on certainaspects, and is also false on many levels. In order to get a clearer analysis of this connotation,let’s take a look at the planet Venus in fact and fiction. Speculation on Venus Many people consider the possibility of Venus as a life-supporting planet. This speculation isdue to the fact that Venus and Earth have relatively substantial similarities: • Apart from the fact that Venus is the nearest neighbor of Earth, research also shows thatboth planets have almost the same size, density and composition. The types of surface featuresthat were discovered in Venus include mountains, volcanoes, and rift valleys. • Venus is said to be experiencing greenhouse effect, which is not a foreign environmentalproblem that people experience on Earth. • Studies have concluded that water is present in Venus. The surface of the planet is entirelycovered with thick, dense clouds that shower the surface with rain. The clouds are so thick,making it nearly impossible for astronomers of earlier years to peep through and observe what’s
  6. 6. beneath. But because of the evident cloud formations seen in its surface, it led people tospeculate that oceans and swampy jungles fill the planet. Facts That Disprove the Speculation Even though Venus resembles a lot of qualities that the Earth possesses, the differencesprove more hostility in the planet’s condition than the speculation that it supports life: • The surface temperatureof Venus is about 700 to 900degrees Fahrenheit. Its surfacetemperature is even said to behigher than Mercury’s, despitethe fact that Venus only comessecond to its proximity to thesun. The volcanoes in Venusare massive and are moreabundant than any othersurface feature it has. Viciouslava fills the planet’s floor likeoceans of fire. • Venus’ atmosphere isprimarily composed of carbondioxide, nitrogen, and sulfurdioxide. The excessive amountof carbon dioxide present in itsatmosphere explains the greenhouse effect that the planet experiences. More specifically, Venusexperiences what is known as the runaway greenhouse effect. Almost all of the heat that Venusabsorbs from the sun gets trapped in its layers and do not escape. If this were to happen on Earth,no living thing will survive the heat. • The thick clouds that surround Venus are composed of sulfuric acid therefore the rain isalso extremely toxic. These clouds also hinder sunlight from passing through, allowing only 20%of it to enter. The toxicity of such cloud composition clearly indicates a hostile environment notideal for supporting life. It is said that oceans may exist in Venus, but because of extreme heat,any traces of water would just evaporate instantly. The critical condition of Venus resembles a possible worst case scenario that could happen toEarth. Whether Venus was once conducive to living or not, one can only hope that futurediscoveries will bring man closer to analyzing the planet Venus in fact and fiction.
  7. 7. The Beauty and Mystery of the Planet Venus Venus has caught the attention of man since the ancient times. It is perhaps due to the merefact that it shines brighter than the brightest star. Venus is seen with the naked eye, and appearsin the east during sunrise and in the west during sunset. These two strange appearances duringdifferent times of the day have also caught man’s attention. People back in the day havemistaken it to be two different objects. Hence, the Venus seen during sunrise was named “themorning star” (Eosphorus), while the one seen during sunset was named “the evening star”(Hesperus). Many other myths about Venus have gone andpassed through time. The beauty that it possesses inthe horizon, combined with the mystery of itsmovements even led ancestors to believe that itbrings some kind of omen (life and death, war andpeace, feast and famine). In other words, the beautyand mystery of the planet Venus brought bothadoration and fear to the people of the olden days. Venus is the second planet closest to the sun inthe solar system. It is also known for its proximityto Earth. Research has also concluded that Venus’size, mass, and composition are significantlysimilar to that of the Earth. These characteristics have earned Venus the association of being theEarth’s “twin sister”. Venus is the only planet that revolves around the sun clockwise, which adds up to itsuniqueness among other planets. If one would be living in Venus, the sun would be noticedrising from the west, and setting in the east. What’s even more interesting is that its beauty froma distance is contrary to what it’s actually like up close. Recent discoveries about the planet showthe hostility of its environment (also contrary to being considered as the “twin sister” of Earth). Bulky, opaque cloud formations obscure the entire surface of Venus. It was believed thatthese clouds could be possible evidences that life on Venus exists. This would have been a goodspeculation if it weren’t for the fact that these clouds are made up of sulfuric acid, and that thissulfuric acid shower toxic rain. Venus also has a very high wind velocity, measuringapproximately 350 km/hr. The surface of the planet reaches a temperature of about 480 degrees Celsius, orapproximately 900 degrees Fahrenheit. This temperature is hot enough to melt lead. Volcanoesalso fill the planet, leaving pools of lava as big as Asia, to spread across its floors. The pressure
  8. 8. of the surface is 90 times greater than the Earth’s. It is similar to the pressure beneath the depthsof the ocean. Recent studies also show that Venus experiences what is called the runaway greenhouseeffect. This environmental anomaly is very similar to what people experience. However, the heatfrom the sun that is trapped from the atmosphere almost never gets out. It just keeps onaccumulating over time. Could it be that Venus is a manifestation of what will happen if peopledo not take care of planet Earth? And if this is so, could it be that the Earth is also the reflectionof Venus’ past state? One can only hope not. Although ancient beliefs differ largely from the discoveries made by modern science, peoplefrom both time periods would agree to the same idea that Venus possesses so much mystery tothe point that it propels further studies to continue, even to this date. It is of certainty that thebeauty and mystery of planet Venus lie on its similarities and differences from Earth. Discover the Influence of Venus The mere fact that theplanet Venus was named afterthe Roman goddess of love,fertility, and beauty, gravelyreflects how it was portrayedby man prior to therevelations of scientificdiscoveries. There are manyother myths involved behindthe prehistoric discovery ofthe planet. And these are allimplications of the influenceof Venus to man. Before planets were evenconsidered as such, they werebelieved to be representationsof the will of the gods, as well as their relation to human affairs. This is what is now known asancient astrology. In modern astrology, planets are represented as psychological forces that driveman to integrate certain aspects of his/her personality. It is also based on qualities derived fromsigns of the Zodiac. The association of the planet Venus with the goddess of love, fertility, and beauty, connotestraits or aspects of a woman. In the psychological realm, Venus describes the human behavior onlove and relationships. It is also associated with harmony, balance, emotions, passion, pleasure,and sensuality. Venus also rules a person’s specific moral tendencies, values, as well as his/her
  9. 9. priorities. The kind of behavior depends on the person’s zodiac sign, which is aligned accordingto one’s date of birth. The specific signs to which Venus rules over, is Taurus and Libra. The house position of Venus in the birth chart indicates which circumstances will bring smallsigns of good luck, where a person can get financial benefits, where money should be spent, aswell as which circumstances would drive a person to relate well with others. The following areguides to discover the influence of Venus: Venus in Friendships Venus influences how a person mingles or bonds with other people. It interprets how he/sheinteracts, and what kind of people he/she wants to be around with. It also describes a person’spreference or style on how he/she maintains the relationship. Venus in Romantic Relationships Depending on the person’s position in the birth chart, Venus governs the specific preferencein choosing a mate. This includes physical, mental, and emotional characteristics that a personfinds ideal for romantic affairs. Venus also dictates what circumstances or situations will bringcertain emotions to a person. Positive Venus Traits If a person possesses positive Venus traits, this would reflect characteristics such as beingattractive, elegant, lovable, affectionate, cheerful, charismatic, creative, as well as being anextrovert. Negative Venus Traits If a person has negative Venus traits, he/she is likely to be vain, conceited, superficial, lazy,indecisive, possessive, sensually corrupt, lewd, unrefined, and envious. Venus in the Realm of Arts A person who is ruled by Venus is more likely to be inclined with the arts. He/she may beinterested in, or is good at painting, drawing, singing, dancing, writing, and the like. There are many factors that affect human behavior and personality. It can either be theenvironment exposed to, family background, and other experiences. Whichever it is that a personbelieves in, the mysteries of things that are beyond man’s capacity to fathom can be seen as arepresentation of something divine. Signs and symbols all reflect the fact that humans aregoverned by a higher force, whatever it may be. Signs and symbols help people associate thetranscendent, into something more imminent. In this case, the psychological symbolisms helpman to discover the influence of Venus.