Facts about jupiter


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I introduce my File Facts about Jupiter.pdf, which contain the useful information about Jupiter planet. There are also some pictures of Jupiter. I hope that, they will provide to you useful knowledge about astronomy in general and Jupiter in particular.

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Facts about jupiter

  1. 1. Facts about Jupiters Atmosphere The upper atmosphere of the planet Jupiter experiences differential revolution. Jupiterrevolves at varying speeds owing to the difference in the atmosphere as well as its verypeculiar shape. This uniqueness may also be somewhat due to the fact that the planetJupiter is nearly completely gaseous. This article will present some basic facts aboutJupiter’s atmosphere. The planet Jupiter is made up of 90 percent hydrogen and 10 percent helium. It alsohas minute amounts of methane, water, ammonia and traces of rock particles. This ispretty much similar to the makeup of the Solar Nebula, which shaped the solar system. Another planet, Saturn is considered to be very much alike with Jupiter’s composition although the planets Uranus and Neptune are composed of very few hydrogen and helium. Some of the facts about Jupiter that we may assert for sure regarding the internal characteristics of the planet and even other gaseous planets are only restricted to indirect understanding, and it appear likely that it will be that way. The information that experts have obtained from the probe called Galileo only pulledout to about 150 kilometers underneath the peaks of the clouds. Some experts have hypothesized that the core of the planet Jupiter is composed ofrocky materials, a bunch of materials that equates 10 to 15 planets the size of the planetEarth. Above the center of the planet Jupiter is a chunk of the gaseous planet, which iscomposed of metallic liquid hydrogen. These are the identical protons and electrons thatare found in the insides of the sun, although at a very lower temperature. The hydrogenon planet Jupiter is in liquid form, not in the form of gas. It is also capable of conductingelectricity. The liquid hydrogen is the resource of the magnetic field of the planet Jupiter.It is also likely assumed to be containing helium as well as some sort of ices.
  2. 2. The outermost layer of the planet Jupiter is composed predominantly of hydrogen andhelium. Some other sort of simple molecules also exist in little amounts in the planet’satmosphere. Some experts who are looking for some facts about Jupiter’s atmosphere preempted tobe finding an excellent supply of oxygen in the atmosphere of the planet Jupiter, althoughinformation obtained from the Galileo probe recommends that the planet contains lesseroxygen that what is present around the sun. The planet Jupiter, along with its sister gaseous planets have high velocity winds thatare isolated in wide latitude bands. The winds that are experienced in the adjacent bandsgust in various directions. The dominating colored bands found in Jupiter’s appearanceare the outcome of little chemical and temperature difference among the bands. Thelighter bands are referred to as the zones while the darker bands are referred to as thebelts. Data gathered through the probe Galileo has suggested that the winds of the planetJupiter are quicker than what the experts have initially expected, around 400 mph. Theprobe Galileo also found the planet Jupiter’s atmosphere is much turbulent. This is anindication that the planet Jupiter’s winds are driven more through the internal heat, unlikethe winds of the planet Earth, which are driven by the sun’s heat. Chemical reactions of the minute elements present in Jupiter’s atmosphere are mostlikely the cause of the bright colors one could see in the Jupiter’s clouds. _______________________________________________________________________ Jupiter and the Star of Bethlehem A few years back, there was an American astronomer who has claimed of uncoveringthe very first reference to the Star of Bethlehem outside of what is written in the Bible, inthe 4th-century accounts of a Christian convert who intend to conceal the astrologicalbasis of such celestial event. This article deals with Jupiter and the Star of Bethlehem. For thousands of years, scientific experts and scholars have long debated on the natureof such Biblical phenomenon that has led the Magi to the newly born Jesus Christ. Thereare some people who have recommended a supernova or a comet.
  3. 3. A man named Michael Molnar has asserted that the Star of Bethlehem was actually a double eclipse of the planet Jupiter some 2,000 years in the past. Frimicus Maternus, a popular astrologer of Constantine the Great, in his book entitle “THE MATHESIS” written in 334 A.D., characterized the astrological phenomenon as something that involves an eclipse of the planet Jupiter by the Moon in the constellation of Aries. Furthermore, he espoused that it is a sign of the birth of a heavenly king. These days, signifying the onset ofChristmas, the planet Jupiter is back in our skies, located low in the west during the earlyevening. The planet Jupiter is considered as the biggest in the solar system. Jupiter, at lastcount, is composed of a retinue of 63 satellites. The planet safeguards the Earth frominbound comets. One of Jupiter’s moons called EUROPA is assumed to be harboring anocean underneath its crust made of ice, one that has a very good probability of supportinglife. Jupiter is considered as a very spectacular planet. When Jupiter is seen in a telescope,it could be seen sporting the Great Red Spot and 2 prominent cloud bands. The Great RedSpot is actually a cyclonic storm that is about thrice the size of the Earth. It is known tohave blown all throughout Jupiter for more than 300 years. The 4 biggest satellites thatglisten like diamonds, revolves around the planet in a span of days in a never-endingmanner. Since we can see those satellites edge-on, they interchangeably sail through thesurface of the planet Jupiter, giving off dark shadows into the planet’s clouds or geteclipsed by the planet itself when they transit behind Jupiter. A lot of people are fascinated with the sight of the Great Red Spot, more in particularwhen its size is being taken into account as it could contain three times of the Earth andfollowing the movement of the planet Jupiter’s satellites which shift on an everydaybasis. Since the satellites of the planet Jupiter revolves around its equatorial plane, thesatellites form shadows that usually cast into the planet itself. The use of binoculars willshow the satellites and the planet Jupiter although you will be requiring a telescope inorder to take a sight of the Great Red Spot or the shadows of the satellites.
  4. 4. A few of the best amateur astronomers with bigger telescopes along with someequipments for capturing pictures through them, have taken some breath-taking images ofthe planet Jupiter. In addition to this, there are even time-lapse series which illustrate therotating planet, the satellite crossing it as well as the odd shadow casting over the face ofthe planet. _______________________________________________________________________ Jupiter is Our Largest Planet The planet Jupiter is considered as a planet of superlatives. Jupiter is our largestplanet. In Roman Mythology, Jupiter was the king of the gods - a name that is fitting forthe biggest planet in the solar system. On the same note, the old Greeks have named theplanet after the king of the Greek pantheon, Zeus. In the year 1610, the planet Jupiter has actually helped in changing the way we perceive the whole universe when GALILEO GALILEI has discovered the planet’s 4 big moons, namely: CALLISTO, GANYMEDE, EUROPA and IO. This has been the very first time where celestial bodies were not observed to be surrounding the Earth. This is one of the major supports of the Copernican perspective that the planet Earth was not the core of the universe. The planet Jupiter is considered as themost gigantic in the solar system. It is considered as two times as big as all the otherplanets altogether. In addition to this, if Jupiter had been roughly 80 times moreenormous, it would have actually developed into a star instead of a planet. Theatmosphere of the planet Jupiter is so much alike that of the sun. It is composed largely ofhelium and hydrogen and along with 4 big moons as well as a lot of smaller moons inorbit around the planet. These features, the planet Jupiter by itself forms a sort of a littlesolar system. As earlier mentioned, the huge volume of the planet Jupiter holds more than1,300 times of the Earth.
  5. 5. The multicolored bands of the planet Jupiter are positioned in light zones and darkbelts caused by powerful east-west winds in the planet’s higher atmosphere blowing morethan 640 kilometers in an hour. The dark clouds are composed of other chemicals. Theseare found in the belts while the white clouds found in the zones are composed of crystalsof frozen ammonia. The blue clouds are at the deepest visible levels. The great Red Spot is without a doubt, the most peculiar characteristic of the planetJupiter. The Great Red Spot is actually an enormous hurricane-like storm that has beenexistent for over 300 years. The Great Red Spot, at its widest, is approximated to bethrice the Earth’s diameter and its edge reveals in a counterclockwise motion around itscore at an estimated speed of 360 kilometers in an hour. The color of the Great spot,,which typically range from brick red to a little brownish, may be attributed from theminute amounts of phosphorus and sulfur in the ammonia clouds in the planet’s clouds.The great Red Spot, every now and then, seems to completely fade. The planet Jupiter revolves more rapidly than any other planet in the solar system. Itsrevolution takes a bit under 10 hours to complete a whole turn on its axis, as against the24 hours of the Earth’s. This fast revolution actually makes the planet Jupiter protrudes atthe equator and evens out at the poles. This has made Jupiter about 7 percent wider at theequator than at the poles. The planet Jupiter sends radio waves that are powerful enough to detect on Earth.These radio waves come in 2 basic forms: powerful bursts that take place when Io, one ofJupiter’s big moons which are the closest to the planet, passes through some particularareas of the planet’s magnetic field and persistent radiation from the planet’s surface aswell as high-energy particles in its radiation belts. _______________________________________________________________________ The Meaning of the Planets in the Zodiac There are some basic influences on the zodiac signs in western astrology that definethe meaning of the planets in the zodiac. Such influences include the sun, the moon andthe planets, as well as their position in the zodiac when you were born and their transitsor movement through the sky in the past, present and the future. As a matter of fact, theplanets in the solar system provide astrology its meaning. At the instance you were born,each planet in the solar system as well as the sun and the moon has occupied a certainposition, which is mirrored in an individual’s birth chart in the different houses of
  6. 6. astrology, The comparative locations of the different planets as they transits through thehouses shapes certain angles and aspects which are ever shifting. The planets that arepositioned on the inner area tend to move faster than those that are positioned on theouter area. Therefore whole generations maybe affected a lot by a single planet thananother, however the astrological climate canshift considerably faster because of the steadyactivity of the planets by the means of thesigns of the zodiac as well as theconstellations. While the different planets areperceived to be ruling particular signs, theyall have, at a certain extent, an impact overeach sign. Find out the meaning of theplanets in the zodiac below: The Sun – while the sun is not consideredas a placement, its positioning in your natal chart and its present position in the zodiac aretaken into account in order to arrive at a significant meaning. The sun provides life tovirtually anything on the planet. Your natal sign is dependent on the position of the sun ina certain constellation of the zodiac at the very instance that you were born. The Moon – is closely associated to the instincts, emotions and moods in zodiacastrology. The moon is also closely tied with your mother and your relation with femalesin general. The moon’s domain includes drive, unconscious and primeval habits as wellas instincts. Pluto – is the planet that is mostly related with death, sex and the unconscious. Plutois also related with rebirth. The domain of Pluto includes all things that are spiritual andoccult. Neptune – is perceived to be the planet of illusion, imagination as well as deception,specifically self-deception. In some cases you do need to jump the track and discoverfantasies or get in touch with your sensitivity, therefore the impact is not completelynegative. Uranus – is perceived to be the planet of constant change, which is usuallyunanticipated. There are some who perceive Uranus to be a rebel. Saturn – is a taskmaster and will never leave you on your own until such time you getto learn the lessons that you ought to know in order to develop and find your security andsafety.
  7. 7. Jupiter – is the planet of optimism, opportunity and luck. Mars – the influence of this planet is aggressive and energetic. Venus – is thought as the planet of creativity, beauty and love. Mercury – trade, verbal and written expression, analysis and reason are all part ofMars’ domain. It is known to be the planet that rules commerce as well ascommunications. It rules both the Virgo sun sign as well as the sign of Gemini. _______________________________________________________________________ The Planets – Jupiter Inside the solar system, Jupiter is prettyobviously an exceptional planet. The planetJupiter is considered as the largest, themightiest and most superlative planet in thesolar system. This outstanding planet containsabout two and a half times more bulk than allof the other planets put altogether. In additionto this, the planet Jupiter has over 1,000 timesthe Earth’s volume. In some aspects, Jupitereven has similar characteristics like that of atiny star. Scientific experts approximate that intruth, if the planet Jupiter had been about over80 times more massive than what it iscurrently, the temperature and the pressure in its center might have been enough to ignitenuclear reactions, therefore transforming it into a star. This article will tell you moreabout the planets – Jupiter. Fortunately for us who dwell on Earth though, this was not the case and in its place,what we are left is a planet Jupiter as seemingly the biggest planet in the solar system.The planet Jupiter however still looks fairly bright because of its size and it is beingconsidered as the fourth largest object in the night sky. It is due to this bright appearancethat GALILEO GALILEI, during his time was able to spot the planet Jupiter in just ashort while after he has turned his newly refined telescopes into the stars in the year 1610from his home in PADOVA. Galileo was also the discoverer of what are now regarded asthe 4 “Galilean moons” of the planet Jupiter, namely: GANYMEDE, CALLISTO,
  8. 8. EUROPA and IO. All of these Galilean moons are very peculiar in their own right. If youwish to see the planet Jupiter during the night, it looks like a disc that is yellow to white. The planet Jupiter is known to be a very active one. All over its surface, a plethora ofstorms rage. The most popular among these storms is the Great Red Spot. This is actuallyan enormous revolving storm, even wider than 3 times of the Earth’s diameter. The greatRed Spot is extremely complex and transits in a generally anti-clockwise motion. Thehistorical records from Earth-based observations reveal that the Great Red Spot has beenexistence for over 100 years. The streams of quick, strong winds which gust at above 400 mph alternately in theopposite directions all over the planet is the cause of the stripes which are visible on thesurface of the planet Jupiter. These quick and strong winds are perceived to be primarilybrought about by the internal heat that is produced from within the planet and they canquickly shift in shape within a span of days of even hours. The atmosphere of the planet Jupiter is perceived to extend a very long way deepdown into the planet. Regardless, scientific experts perceive that the planet Jupiterpossesses a small rocky core at its center, around it is an inner mantle composed ofmetallic liquid hydrogen. The outer mantle is believed to be composed of helium andnormal liquid hydrogen. Even with a diameter that is about 11 times larger than the planet Earth’s, the planetJupiter revolves on its axis much quicker than any other planet found in the solar system.This explains why it protrudes out at the equator. The fast revolution is also perceived tohave an effect on the powerful wind system in the planet.