Manoel teixeira souza

1,844 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,844
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
62
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Manoel teixeira souza

  1. 1.  In the Ground, Where it All Begins…  Maximizing existing agriculture lands and Brazil’s abundant degraded pastures;  Long-term planning and land acquisition with sustainability standards in mind;  Comparing the cost and potential of alternative feedstocks: jatropha; castor; African palm; Macauba palm; sorghum; energy cane;  How to execute successful large-scale planting for the biofuel sector?  Improving mechanization of harvests and advances in the collection of sugar cane straw and other biomass. Manoel Teixeira Souza Júnior, Ph.D. – Embrapa Agroenergy - General Director chgeral.cnpae@embrapa.br 55.61.3448.4246 www.cnpae.embrapa.br
  2. 2. 2020 – 56 Million 2011 – 32,5%2009 – 29 Million 93% +6.6% 2010-2011BRASIL
  3. 3. Biofuels History in Brazil 1973 – First petroleum crisis; 1974 – ProAlcool Program is launched; 1977 – 4.5% Ethanol added to Gasoline; 1979 – 15% Ethanol added to Gasoline; 1980 – Second petroleum crisis; 1983 – Cars running on ethanol are 90% of the sells; 1985 - 22% Ethanol added to Gasoline; 1989 – Drop in petroleum prices (gasoline = ethanol); 1990’s – 20-25% Ethanol added to Gasoline; 2003 – Flex Flue Technology; 2005 – PNPB is launched; 2007 – Third petroleum crisis; 2008 – B2 becomes mandatory; 2008 – Ethanol consumption similar to Gasoline (April); 2010 – B5 becomes mandatory (3 years in advance); 2011 – ANP & Ethanol (18-25%); 2011 – Ethanol crises in Brazil; 2012 – PNPB (Phase 2) is expected to be launched; 2012 to 2020 and beyond: INCREASE EFFICIENCY & DIVERSIFY FEEDSTOCKS
  4. 4. The National Biodiesel Production & Use Program - PNPB A true case of huge success in incorporating a new product to the Energy matrix in such a short period of time…
  5. 5. Soybean and the PNPB 81% of the Biodiesel comes from soybean oil
  6. 6. PNPB in 2020…2020
  7. 7. Soybean oil in 2020 6.85 billion L to be used by food industry (internal market) & biodiesel
  8. 8. Diesel in the pump & Biodiesel – Demand in Million LFonte: EPE. 6.85 billion L to be used by food industry (internal market) & biodiesel
  9. 9. Diesel in the pump & Biodiesel – Demand in Million LFonte: EPE. 6.85 billion L to be used by food industry (internal market) & biodiesel
  10. 10. Diesel in the pump & Biodiesel – Demand in Million LFonte: EPE. 6.85 billion L to be used by food industry (internal market) & biodiesel
  11. 11. Will we do the same as Argentina? Processing 100% in Brazil ~5.8 billion L to be used by food industry and others
  12. 12. What to do to guarantee B10 or B20?
  13. 13. Vegetal Oil – World Production by main crops (million tons) – FAO 2011 32,37% 36,24% 3,87%
  14. 14. Feedstock Diversification and the PNPB Crop Oil Content Productivity Production & Harvest (%) (2010/11) Area (2010/11) Castor bean 50-55 644 kg/ha 141,300 tons (Ricinus comunis) 219,300 ha Sunflower 40 1,255 kg/ha 76,700 tons (Heliantus annus) 61,000 ha Cotton seed 21-28 2,303 kg/ha 3,225,500 tons (Gossypium hirsutum) 1,400,300 ha Peanuts 45 2,674 kg/ha 226,500 tons (Arachis hipogaea) 84,500 ha Canola 38 1,505 kg/ha 69,700 tons (Brassica napus) 46,300 ha Oil Palm 20 12,147 kg/ha 1,292,713 tons (Elaeis spp.) 106,420 ha Coconut 60 6,884 fruits/ha 1,891,687 thousand fruits (Cocos nucifera) 274,773 ha  Bottlenecks:  Cultivars,  Seeds,  Pesticides Registered,  Agricultural Extension,  Public Policies:  Credit,  Price,  Promote Growers Association.
  15. 15. Oil Palm Production in Brazil in the last decade. Brazil – Production – 2010: 1,292,713 tons Pará: 1,058,381 tons (82%) Bahia: 231,272 tons (17%)Source: IBGE-SIDRA 2012. Imports ~60%
  16. 16. Is there area to produce oil palm in Brazil? 232.8 million ha of land – climatic & soil aptitude for oil palm cultivation; Excluded: all areas covered with native vegetation, under protection (conservation units, national, state and municipal parks), indigenous people’s land and fragile ecosystems; as well as areas that suffered human impact after 2008; Cultivation allowed in 31.8 million ha – 13.7% of land with climatic & soil aptitude – 3.7% of the Brazilian territory; Management level B – Preferential area in the AML: 73.374 Km2 or 7.334.426 ha (or the equivalent to 58% of the area cultivated today in Malaysia & Indonesia). AL BA PE SE ES RJ
  17. 17. Do we have the technology for oil palm production?The answer is: YES!So, what is missing?The answer to the second question is: SEEDS
  18. 18. Oil Palm – Is it only about oil?Source: National Biomass Strategy 2020: New wealth creation for Malaysia’s palm oil industry
  19. 19. An opportunity to promote the bio-refinery concept…
  20. 20. Feedstock Diversification and the PNPB Plant species in domestication…
  21. 21. Thank you!EMBRAPA AGROENERGY - www.cnpae.embrapa.br

×