Jaime finguerut tecnologia

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Jaime finguerut tecnologia

  1. 1. [email_address] Biorefinaria Sustentável de Cana-de-Açúcar Sustainable Sugarcane Biorefinery [email_address] CTC Centro de Tecnologia Canavieira
  2. 2. MEGATRENDS Mid Term Economics <ul><li>Much slower growth in the developed world </li></ul><ul><li>Accelerating growth in the developing world </li></ul><ul><li>World population stabilizing at 9-10 billion </li></ul><ul><li>6-7 x world GDP growth over next 50 or so years (in constant dollars) </li></ul><ul><li>5-6 x existing production capacity for most commodities (steel, chemicals, lumber, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>3.5 x increase in energy demand </li></ul><ul><ul><li>7x increase in electricity demand </li></ul></ul>[email_address] Jeffrey J. Siirola Eastman Chemical Company Kingsport, TN 37662
  3. 3. MEGATRENDS [email_address] Source: GM - Ceres
  4. 4. MEGATRENDS [email_address] Source: GM - Ceres
  5. 5. MEGATRENDS Chemicals and Biobased [email_address]
  6. 6. [email_address] Manfred Kircher CLIB
  7. 7. [email_address] Manfred Kircher CLIB
  8. 8. [email_address] Manfred Kircher CLIB
  9. 9. [email_address] Manfred Kircher CLIB
  10. 10. Faturamento líquido <ul><li>Indústria química – 2009* </li></ul>*estimado Total US$ 103,3 bilhões Fonte: Abiquim e associações dos segmentos. US$16,6 bilhões
  11. 11. Ranking da indústria química mundial Faturamento líquido - 2009 em US$ bilhões Estados Unidos China Japão França Coréia Reino Unido Itália Brasil Índia Holanda 674 635 286 213 135 105 104 103 97 93 66 8ª posição Alemanha
  12. 12. Raw Material Selection Characteristics <ul><li>Availability </li></ul><ul><li>Accessability </li></ul><ul><li>Concentration </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of extraction (impact, resources) </li></ul><ul><li>Competition for material </li></ul><ul><li>Alternatives </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Close&quot; in chemical or physical structure </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Close&quot; in oxidation </li></ul>[email_address] Jeffrey J. Siirola Eastman Chemical Company Kingsport, TN 37662
  13. 13. &quot;Oxidation States&quot; of Carbon <ul><li>-4 Methane </li></ul><ul><li>-2 Hydrocarbons, Alcohols, Oil </li></ul><ul><li>-1 Aromatics, Lipids </li></ul><ul><li>0 Carbohydrates, Coal </li></ul><ul><li>+2 Carbon Monoxide </li></ul><ul><li>+4 Carbon Dioxide </li></ul><ul><li>-2 – -0.5 Most polymers </li></ul><ul><li>-1.5 – 0 Most oxygenated </li></ul>[email_address] Jeffrey J. Siirola Eastman Chemical Company Kingsport, TN 37662
  14. 14. Matching Raw Material and Product Oxidation States / Energy [email_address] Jeffrey J. Siirola Eastman Chemical Company Kingsport, TN 37662
  15. 15. Global Reduced Carbon <ul><li>Recoverable Gas Reserves – 75 GTC </li></ul><ul><li>Recoverable Oil Reserves – 120 GTC </li></ul><ul><li>Recoverable Coal – 925 GTC </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated Oil Shale (xisto) – 225 GTC </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated Tar Sands – 250 GTC </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated Remaining Fossil (at future higher price / yet-to- be-developed technology) – 2500 GTC </li></ul><ul><li>Possible Methane Hydrates – ???? GTC </li></ul><ul><li>Terrestrial Biomass – 500 GTC </li></ul><ul><li>Peat and Soil Carbon – 2000 GTC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Annual Terrestrial Biomass Production 60 GTC/yr </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(more than half in tropical forest and tropical savanna) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>– Organic Chemical Production – 0.3 GTC/yr </li></ul></ul>[email_address] Jeffrey J. Siirola Eastman Chemical Company Kingsport, TN 37662
  16. 16. Global Oxidized Carbon <ul><li>Atmospheric CO2 (380ppmv) – 750 GTC </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated Oceanic Inorganic Carbon (30ppm) – 40.000 GTC </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated Limestone/Dolomite/Chalk – </li></ul><ul><li>100.000.000 GTC </li></ul>[email_address] Jeffrey J. Siirola Eastman Chemical Company Kingsport, TN 37662
  17. 17. Conclusions from a Chemical Industry Perspective <ul><li>Natural gas, condensate, and oil (inexpensive) will become depleted </li></ul><ul><li>With enough capital, can get to any carbon oxidation state from any other, but reducing oxidation state costs energy </li></ul><ul><li>There will be a shift to higher oxidation state starting materials including coal and biomass for chemical and fuel production, with corresponding increases in CO2 generation </li></ul><ul><li>Sequestration innovations will be essential </li></ul>[email_address]
  18. 18. [email_address] Naphtha prices May -August 2010
  19. 19. [email_address] Source: DSM Peter Nossin
  20. 20. [email_address]
  21. 21. [email_address] SUSTAINABILITY IN SUGAR CANE PROCESSING IN BRAZIL Footprint
  22. 22. [email_address] SUSTAINABILITY IN SUGAR CANE PROCESSING IN BRAZIL Footprint
  23. 23. SUSTAINABILITY IN SUGAR CANE PROCESSING IN BRAZIL <ul><li>Sugar Cane Production in Brazil </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Occupies less than 10% of the commercial agricultural area or less than 2% Brazil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has no effect on deforestation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Responsible for more than 500,000 direct jobs with very high percentage of formalization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adapted varieties: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No irrigation, much less fertilizer, much less chemicals </li></ul></ul></ul>[email_address]
  24. 24. <ul><li>Sugar Cane Processing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Productivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Producing more with the same equipment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Efficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Producing more with the same raw material </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reducing losses and emissions - pollution </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Producing more with the same energy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Producing more with the same water </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemicals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Producing more with the same chemicals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Less contamination - pollution </li></ul></ul></ul>SUSTAINABILITY IN SUGAR CANE PROCESSING IN BRAZIL [email_address]
  25. 25. Brazilian Biorefinery – Fermentation Platform * existente
  26. 26. PHB - Poli hidroxibutirato Poliéster de cadeia linear, termoplástico Produzido por muitos organismos vivos em quantidades e pesos moleculares diferentes Bactérias o acumulam como fonte de energia Pode ser produzido industrialmente por fermentação CH3 CH2 CH C O O n
  27. 27. Breaktrough: 2nd generation ethanol 2nd Generation Ethanol: till 200 liters/t bagasse with partners
  28. 28. Breakthrough: Gasification Air, O 2 , and/or steam Bagasse, Trash Gasification (1 to 30 bar) Drying Sizing Gas cleaning Gas Turbine Heat Recovery Steam Turbine Electricity Process steam BGCC Water Gas Shift (CO+H 2 O  H 2 +CO 2 ) Catalytic Synthesis Distillation or Refining CO 2 Removal Steam & Power Generation Process steam/elec. Biofuel or SNG CO, H 2 , CH 4 , CO 2 Biomass to Liquids Fermentation Distillation or Refining Steam & Power Generation Process steam/elec. Alcohols Hybrid thermochem/biochem fuels production
  29. 29. Production potential for different products from sugarcane biomass Surplus Electricity (100% bag + 50% trash + meeting mill process steam and electricity needs) HIDROLYSIS GASIFICATION (C6 – Cellusose only) (C5 and C6 ) Liquid Fuels Production (50% bag + 50% trash) Nitrogen Fertilizer Prod (50% bag + 50% trash)
  30. 30. [email_address]
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