How to be green in the cloud

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Presentazione di Lior Paster SE Manager at SGI, illustrata in videoconferenza all'evento Cloud Computing Energy Impact, Make the Cloud Green, organizzato da VMengine ed Eurocloud Italia a CIttà della Scienza Napoli il 7 giugno 2010

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How to be green in the cloud

  1. 1. How to be Green in the Cloud Part of “Cloud Computing Energy Impact” symposium Italy, June 7th, 2010 Lior Paster, Pre-Sales Systems Engineering Manager lior@sgi.com
  2. 2. Agenda SGI / Rackable Overview Cloud Trends What we do to reduce environmental impact Company Confidential 2
  3. 3. SGI - Overview
  4. 4. The “New SGI” On May 8th 2009, Rackable Systems acquired the Assets of Silicon Graphics Inc, and renamed the company – “SGI” Founded 1999 Leader in Internet & Cloud Specialisation – “Build to order + Founded 1981 Leader in High Performance Computing systems, Ecological, low-power Specialization – Shared Memory Systems, Scalable server solutions” HPC Clusters, Storage solutions Company Confidential 4
  5. 5. SGI’s Technology solutions Cluster Shared Storage Eco-Logical HPC Cloud Computing Memory Data Center Cloud Computing service for technical applications SaaS & IaaS models SGI H/W, SGI- certified S/W, SGI hosted, access to SGI experts Scale-Out Scale-Up Fast storage Power efficiency Software 8 to 1M+ cores 8 to .25M cores EBOD to RAID High density Custom designs Big memory Data Management Efficient cooling _______________ ________________ ________________ ________________ Cloud Computing Communications Scale-out active Backup & data Internet intensive HPC archives Recovery Performance packs Parallel HPC In-memory Streaming Data center Management tools databases applications expansion Industry std Linux Federal Mixed-use Mobile data government environments centers applications Company Confidential 5
  6. 6. Company Confidential “The Rackable Way” 6
  7. 7. The Expert in Scale-Out Datacenters Successful Deployments of 100K’s of Servers in single instance Over 1 Million servers sold to date “Scale-Out” requires new thinking: – Build-To-Order model… NOT “one-size-fit-all”. – Optimize Packaging: Server, Cabinet, container – Lowest power – Innovative cooling Company Confidential 7
  8. 8. “The Internet Runs on Rackable!” Company Confidential 8
  9. 9. Guiding Principles Focus on the data center Superior design and technology Company Confidential 9
  10. 10. Cloud Trends
  11. 11. Where is the Cloud Going? Greenpeace: Cloud Computing is growing fast It’s going Everywhere Trends of cloud-computing: – Growing usage – Growing datacenters – Growing electric demand – On the bright side – growing awareness to environment We can help!... The question is “How?” Company Confidential 11
  12. 12. How can we help reduce the impact? Electricity is used to Power Up the datacenter – Servers, Storage – Backup Power equipment – Cooling the infrastructure We can help by optimize and lowering (or eliminating) energy consumption in these aspects – Use more efficient compute and storage – Eliminate traditional power backup infrastructure – Use free air cooling, free water cooling Company Confidential 12
  13. 13. Why is Server Power so important? “The cost of operating a server for 3 years is higher then the cost of buying the server” A typical server: $2,000, 250 Watts Cost of power: $0.20 / KW-hour Cost of 3-year electric use: ~$1,314 If PUE = 2.0… power+cooling: ~ $2,628 If PUE = 1.1… power+cooling: ~ $1,445 Company Confidential 13
  14. 14. Innovation: short servers Reduces chassis length by 50% Air needs to move less distance – Less fans save power – Slower fans save power – Higher inlet air temperature save cooling save power Company Confidential 14
  15. 15. Typical Full-Depth Server - Cooling Design 25” / 63cm Long 2 fans 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 19 fans x 8w = Company Confidential 15 152 Watts
  16. 16. Rackable Eco-Logical™ Chassis Design 15.5” / 40cm Long 5 fans x 4.5w = 22.5 Watts Company Confidential 16
  17. 17. Chassis Design If we can save 100w per server with smarter fan and chassis design 1000 servers = ~ 100 kW difference Company Confidential 17
  18. 18. How Else Can We Reduce Power Draw? Use low power parts in the server Eliminate unnecessary components Use very efficient power supplies Match Power Supply to server load Cabinet-level power consolidation, monitoring, capping Optional DC-Power Company Confidential 18
  19. 19. Fans & Heatsinks Company Confidential 19
  20. 20. Popular High efficiency Servers Rackable 1U Server Rackable 3U Servers 22.5 watts fan draw! 13.5 watts fan draw! Rackable 2U Server 13.5 watts fan draw! Rackable 4U Server 13.5 watts fan draw! Company Confidential 20
  21. 21. Cabinets Density Density Sizes Options Sizes Options Half-depth server design mounted Choice of back-to-back for 2x density 22U, 36U, 40U, 44U Thermal Management Thermal Management & Power Distribution & Power Distribution Unobstructed central air plenum for superior ventilation DC Power option provides power savings of up to 30% Passive cooling design for highest reliability I/O in front and clean cabling reduces maintenance time by up to 75% IPMI or Roamer-Based remote management Serviceability Serviceability Company Confidential 21
  22. 22. Back-to-Back Concept Hot air evacuated SERVER 1 SERVER 23 SERVER 2 T SERVER 24 SERVER 3 SERVER 25 SERVER 4 SERVER 26 Cold air intake SERVER 5 SERVER 27 Cold air intake SERVER 6 SERVER 28 SERVER 7 SERVER 29 SERVER 8 SERVER 30 Side SERVER 9 SERVER 31 SERVER 10 SERVER 32 View SERVER 11 SERVER 33 Cold air intake SERVER 12 SERVER 34 Cold air intake SERVER 13 SERVER 35 SERVER 14 SERVER 36 SERVER 15 SERVER 37 SERVER 16 SERVER 38 SERVER 17 SERVER 39 SERVER 18 SERVER 40 SERVER 19 SERVER 41 Cold air intake SERVER 20 SERVER 42 Cold air intake SERVER 21 SERVER 43 SERVER 22 SERVER 44 Each Server is 15.5'' deep 36U Front or Back Company Confidential 22 H 55'' X W 26'' X D 38''
  23. 23. “Top Hat” Company Confidential 23
  24. 24. “Top Hat” Company Confidential 24
  25. 25. Deliver Complete Racks Less trucks to deliver equipment Less packaging material: no individual cartons Less metal in servers Company Confidential 25
  26. 26. Company Confidential 26
  27. 27. Company Confidential 27
  28. 28. Company Confidential 28
  29. 29. CloudRack™ CloudRack™ Offer Advancement in Efficiency Company Confidential 29
  30. 30. CloudRack™ High Density, For Large Capacity Needs ~ 70% Less Metal 12VDC Distribution Common Cooling Infrastructure Company Confidential 30
  31. 31. Change the Unit of Growth Server at a time Cabinet at a time: Container at a time 31 Company Confidential 31
  32. 32. Company Confidential 32
  33. 33. Company Confidential 33
  34. 34. Company Confidential 34
  35. 35. Running @ Elevated Temperatures Traditional Data Center Water Server Inlet Air 7°c 18°c 20°c 30°c CRAC Supplied Air Over time Container Water 20°c 40°c Over time Inlet Air Supplied Air Company Confidential 35 Rackable Confidential 35
  36. 36. New, Even Better Container Designs Optimized Containers for different needs: – High density – Low density – Commodity low power Storage – … Air-Cooled containers Containers will become the standard for Scale-Out Company Confidential 36
  37. 37. Summary We can’t stop Cloud expansion… BUT We can do our best to reduce the impact on the environment; Company Confidential 37
  38. 38. designed. engineered. results.

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