SlideShare a Scribd company logo

The Web We Mix - benevolent AIs for a resilient web

Keynote of @fabien_gandon at Web Science 2019 Boston #WebSci19 Abstract is here: https://hal.inria.fr/hal-02148911

1 of 112
Download to read offline
The Web We Mix
benevolent AIs for a resilient web
Fabien Gandon, http://fabien.info
I'm sorry, Dave.
I'm afraid I can't do that.
WIMMICS TEAM
 Inria
 CNRS
 University Côte D’Azur (UCA)
I3S
Web-Instrumented Man-Machine Interactions,
Communities and Semantics
CHALLENGE
to bridge social semantics and
formal semantics on the Web
MULTI-DISCIPLINARY TEAM
 40~50 members
 ~15 nationalities
 1 DR, 3 Professors
 3CR, 4 Assistant professors
DR/Professors:
 Fabien GANDON, Inria, AI, KRR, Semantic Web, Social Web
 Nhan LE THANH, UCA, Logics, KR, Emotions, Workflows
 Peter SANDER, UCA, Web, Emotions
 Andrea TETTAMANZI, UCA, AI, Logics, Agents,
CR/Assistant Professors:
 Michel BUFFA, UCA, Web, Social Media
 Elena CABRIO, UCA, NLP, KR, Linguistics, Q&A, Text Mining
 Olivier CORBY, Inria, KR, AI, Sem. Web, Programming, Graphs
 Catherine FARON-ZUCKER, UCA, KR, AI, Semantic Web, Graphs
 Alain GIBOIN, Inria, Interaction Design, KE, User & Task models
 Isabelle MIRBEL, UCA, Requirements, Communities
 Serena VILLATA, CNRS, AI, Argumentation, Licenses, Rights
Research engineer: Franck MICHEL, CNRS, Linked Data, Integration, DB
External:
 Andrei Ciortea (University of St. Gallen) Agents, WoT, Sem. Web
 Nicolas DELAFORGE (Mnemotix) Sem. Web, KM, Integration
 Claude FRASSON (University of Montreal) Emotion, eLearning
 Freddy LECUE (Thales, Montreal) AI, Logics, Mining, Big Data, Sem. Web
AI for classical Web tasks
Autonomy AgentWare Web Researcher, 1996
Dogs’ UI metaphor
to Machine Learning
Sent to Web kennels
to work offline
Ad

Recommended

Overview of the Research in Wimmics 2018
Overview of the Research in Wimmics 2018Overview of the Research in Wimmics 2018
Overview of the Research in Wimmics 2018Fabien Gandon
 
Web science AI and IA
Web science AI and IAWeb science AI and IA
Web science AI and IAFabien Gandon
 
Web open standards for linked data and knowledge graphs as enablers of EU dig...
Web open standards for linked data and knowledge graphs as enablers of EU dig...Web open standards for linked data and knowledge graphs as enablers of EU dig...
Web open standards for linked data and knowledge graphs as enablers of EU dig...Fabien Gandon
 
Wimmics Overview 2021
Wimmics Overview 2021Wimmics Overview 2021
Wimmics Overview 2021Fabien Gandon
 
Introduction to Graph Databases
Introduction to Graph DatabasesIntroduction to Graph Databases
Introduction to Graph DatabasesPaolo Pareti
 
ESWC2015 opening ceremony
ESWC2015 opening ceremonyESWC2015 opening ceremony
ESWC2015 opening ceremonyFabien Gandon
 
Wimmics Research Team Overview 2017
Wimmics Research Team Overview 2017Wimmics Research Team Overview 2017
Wimmics Research Team Overview 2017Fabien Gandon
 
One Web of pages, One Web of peoples, One Web of Services, One Web of Data, O...
One Web of pages, One Web of peoples, One Web of Services, One Web of Data, O...One Web of pages, One Web of peoples, One Web of Services, One Web of Data, O...
One Web of pages, One Web of peoples, One Web of Services, One Web of Data, O...Fabien Gandon
 

More Related Content

What's hot

ESWC 2015 Closing and "General Chair's minute of Madness"
ESWC 2015 Closing and "General Chair's minute of Madness"ESWC 2015 Closing and "General Chair's minute of Madness"
ESWC 2015 Closing and "General Chair's minute of Madness"Fabien Gandon
 
Wimmics Research Team 2015 Activity Report
Wimmics Research Team 2015 Activity ReportWimmics Research Team 2015 Activity Report
Wimmics Research Team 2015 Activity ReportFabien Gandon
 
On the many graphs of the Web and the interest of adding their missing links.
On the many graphs of the Web and the interest of adding their missing links. On the many graphs of the Web and the interest of adding their missing links.
On the many graphs of the Web and the interest of adding their missing links. Fabien Gandon
 
How to Build Linked Data Sites with Drupal 7 and RDFa
How to Build Linked Data Sites with Drupal 7 and RDFaHow to Build Linked Data Sites with Drupal 7 and RDFa
How to Build Linked Data Sites with Drupal 7 and RDFascorlosquet
 
Linking Open Data with Drupal
Linking Open Data with DrupalLinking Open Data with Drupal
Linking Open Data with Drupalemmanuel_jamin
 
bridging formal semantics and social semantics on the web
bridging formal semantics and social semantics on the webbridging formal semantics and social semantics on the web
bridging formal semantics and social semantics on the webFabien Gandon
 
Normative Requirements as Linked Data
Normative Requirements as Linked DataNormative Requirements as Linked Data
Normative Requirements as Linked DataFabien Gandon
 
Harith Alani's presentation at SSSW 2011
Harith Alani's presentation at SSSW 2011Harith Alani's presentation at SSSW 2011
Harith Alani's presentation at SSSW 2011sssw2011
 
Jim Hendler's Presentation at SSSW 2011
Jim Hendler's Presentation at SSSW 2011Jim Hendler's Presentation at SSSW 2011
Jim Hendler's Presentation at SSSW 2011sssw2011
 
Making the Web Searchable - Keynote ICWE 2015
Making the Web Searchable - Keynote ICWE 2015Making the Web Searchable - Keynote ICWE 2015
Making the Web Searchable - Keynote ICWE 2015Peter Mika
 
Semantic Social Web
Semantic Social WebSemantic Social Web
Semantic Social WebSabin Buraga
 
Data Journalism (City Online Journalism wk8)
Data Journalism (City Online Journalism wk8)Data Journalism (City Online Journalism wk8)
Data Journalism (City Online Journalism wk8)Paul Bradshaw
 
Semantic Search keynote at CORIA 2015
Semantic Search keynote at CORIA 2015Semantic Search keynote at CORIA 2015
Semantic Search keynote at CORIA 2015Peter Mika
 
Peter Mika's Presentation at SSSW 2011
Peter Mika's Presentation at SSSW 2011Peter Mika's Presentation at SSSW 2011
Peter Mika's Presentation at SSSW 2011sssw2011
 
Dagstuhl FOAF history talk
Dagstuhl FOAF history talkDagstuhl FOAF history talk
Dagstuhl FOAF history talkDan Brickley
 
Exploring the Semantic Web
Exploring the Semantic WebExploring the Semantic Web
Exploring the Semantic WebRoberto García
 
Learning Multilingual Semantics from Big Data on the Web
Learning Multilingual Semantics from Big Data on the WebLearning Multilingual Semantics from Big Data on the Web
Learning Multilingual Semantics from Big Data on the WebGerard de Melo
 
Social Networks and the Semantic Web: a retrospective of the past 10 years
Social Networks and the Semantic Web: a retrospective of the past 10 yearsSocial Networks and the Semantic Web: a retrospective of the past 10 years
Social Networks and the Semantic Web: a retrospective of the past 10 yearsPeter Mika
 
What happened to the Semantic Web?
What happened to the Semantic Web?What happened to the Semantic Web?
What happened to the Semantic Web?Peter Mika
 

What's hot (20)

ESWC 2015 Closing and "General Chair's minute of Madness"
ESWC 2015 Closing and "General Chair's minute of Madness"ESWC 2015 Closing and "General Chair's minute of Madness"
ESWC 2015 Closing and "General Chair's minute of Madness"
 
Wimmics Research Team 2015 Activity Report
Wimmics Research Team 2015 Activity ReportWimmics Research Team 2015 Activity Report
Wimmics Research Team 2015 Activity Report
 
On the many graphs of the Web and the interest of adding their missing links.
On the many graphs of the Web and the interest of adding their missing links. On the many graphs of the Web and the interest of adding their missing links.
On the many graphs of the Web and the interest of adding their missing links.
 
How to Build Linked Data Sites with Drupal 7 and RDFa
How to Build Linked Data Sites with Drupal 7 and RDFaHow to Build Linked Data Sites with Drupal 7 and RDFa
How to Build Linked Data Sites with Drupal 7 and RDFa
 
Linking Open Data with Drupal
Linking Open Data with DrupalLinking Open Data with Drupal
Linking Open Data with Drupal
 
bridging formal semantics and social semantics on the web
bridging formal semantics and social semantics on the webbridging formal semantics and social semantics on the web
bridging formal semantics and social semantics on the web
 
Normative Requirements as Linked Data
Normative Requirements as Linked DataNormative Requirements as Linked Data
Normative Requirements as Linked Data
 
Harith Alani's presentation at SSSW 2011
Harith Alani's presentation at SSSW 2011Harith Alani's presentation at SSSW 2011
Harith Alani's presentation at SSSW 2011
 
Jim Hendler's Presentation at SSSW 2011
Jim Hendler's Presentation at SSSW 2011Jim Hendler's Presentation at SSSW 2011
Jim Hendler's Presentation at SSSW 2011
 
Making the Web Searchable - Keynote ICWE 2015
Making the Web Searchable - Keynote ICWE 2015Making the Web Searchable - Keynote ICWE 2015
Making the Web Searchable - Keynote ICWE 2015
 
Semantic Social Web
Semantic Social WebSemantic Social Web
Semantic Social Web
 
Data Journalism (City Online Journalism wk8)
Data Journalism (City Online Journalism wk8)Data Journalism (City Online Journalism wk8)
Data Journalism (City Online Journalism wk8)
 
Semantic Search keynote at CORIA 2015
Semantic Search keynote at CORIA 2015Semantic Search keynote at CORIA 2015
Semantic Search keynote at CORIA 2015
 
Peter Mika's Presentation at SSSW 2011
Peter Mika's Presentation at SSSW 2011Peter Mika's Presentation at SSSW 2011
Peter Mika's Presentation at SSSW 2011
 
Dagstuhl FOAF history talk
Dagstuhl FOAF history talkDagstuhl FOAF history talk
Dagstuhl FOAF history talk
 
Exploring the Semantic Web
Exploring the Semantic WebExploring the Semantic Web
Exploring the Semantic Web
 
Learning Multilingual Semantics from Big Data on the Web
Learning Multilingual Semantics from Big Data on the WebLearning Multilingual Semantics from Big Data on the Web
Learning Multilingual Semantics from Big Data on the Web
 
The Semantic Web: RPI ITWS Capstone (Fall 2012)
The Semantic Web: RPI ITWS Capstone (Fall 2012)The Semantic Web: RPI ITWS Capstone (Fall 2012)
The Semantic Web: RPI ITWS Capstone (Fall 2012)
 
Social Networks and the Semantic Web: a retrospective of the past 10 years
Social Networks and the Semantic Web: a retrospective of the past 10 yearsSocial Networks and the Semantic Web: a retrospective of the past 10 years
Social Networks and the Semantic Web: a retrospective of the past 10 years
 
What happened to the Semantic Web?
What happened to the Semantic Web?What happened to the Semantic Web?
What happened to the Semantic Web?
 

Similar to The Web We Mix - benevolent AIs for a resilient web

Extraction and Retrieval of Web based Content in Web Engineering
Extraction and Retrieval of Web based Content in Web EngineeringExtraction and Retrieval of Web based Content in Web Engineering
Extraction and Retrieval of Web based Content in Web EngineeringIRJET Journal
 
Finding knowledge, data and answers on the Semantic Web
Finding knowledge, data and answers on the Semantic WebFinding knowledge, data and answers on the Semantic Web
Finding knowledge, data and answers on the Semantic Webebiquity
 
Information Extraction and Linked Data Cloud
Information Extraction and Linked Data CloudInformation Extraction and Linked Data Cloud
Information Extraction and Linked Data CloudDhaval Thakker
 
FAIR Computational Workflows
FAIR Computational WorkflowsFAIR Computational Workflows
FAIR Computational WorkflowsCarole Goble
 
Towards Knowledge Graph based Representation, Augmentation and Exploration of...
Towards Knowledge Graph based Representation, Augmentation and Exploration of...Towards Knowledge Graph based Representation, Augmentation and Exploration of...
Towards Knowledge Graph based Representation, Augmentation and Exploration of...Sören Auer
 
Semantic web design for www.data.gov.sg - Presentation
Semantic web design for www.data.gov.sg - PresentationSemantic web design for www.data.gov.sg - Presentation
Semantic web design for www.data.gov.sg - PresentationMuthu Kumaar Thangavelu
 
Infrastructures Supporting Inter-disciplinary Research - Exemplars from the UK

Infrastructures Supporting Inter-disciplinary Research - Exemplars from the UK
Infrastructures Supporting Inter-disciplinary Research - Exemplars from the UK

Infrastructures Supporting Inter-disciplinary Research - Exemplars from the UK
NeISSProject
 
Web Data Extraction: A Crash Course
Web Data Extraction: A Crash CourseWeb Data Extraction: A Crash Course
Web Data Extraction: A Crash CourseGiorgio Orsi
 
Developing Linked Data and Semantic Web-based Applications (Expotec 2015)
Developing Linked Data and Semantic Web-based Applications (Expotec 2015)Developing Linked Data and Semantic Web-based Applications (Expotec 2015)
Developing Linked Data and Semantic Web-based Applications (Expotec 2015)Ig Bittencourt
 
Self adaptive based natural language interface for disambiguation of
Self adaptive based natural language interface for disambiguation ofSelf adaptive based natural language interface for disambiguation of
Self adaptive based natural language interface for disambiguation ofNurfadhlina Mohd Sharef
 
From Linked Data to Semantic Applications
From Linked Data to Semantic ApplicationsFrom Linked Data to Semantic Applications
From Linked Data to Semantic ApplicationsAndre Freitas
 
A_Review_of_Question_Answering_Systems.pdf
A_Review_of_Question_Answering_Systems.pdfA_Review_of_Question_Answering_Systems.pdf
A_Review_of_Question_Answering_Systems.pdfssuser98a1af
 
Cloud Computing Research Developments and Future Directions
Cloud Computing Research Developments and Future DirectionsCloud Computing Research Developments and Future Directions
Cloud Computing Research Developments and Future DirectionsIRJET Journal
 
Software Sustainability: Better Software Better Science
Software Sustainability: Better Software Better ScienceSoftware Sustainability: Better Software Better Science
Software Sustainability: Better Software Better ScienceCarole Goble
 
Stacked Generalization of Random Forest and Decision Tree Techniques for Libr...
Stacked Generalization of Random Forest and Decision Tree Techniques for Libr...Stacked Generalization of Random Forest and Decision Tree Techniques for Libr...
Stacked Generalization of Random Forest and Decision Tree Techniques for Libr...IJEACS
 
Using optimized features for modified optical backpropagation
Using optimized features for modified optical backpropagationUsing optimized features for modified optical backpropagation
Using optimized features for modified optical backpropagationAlexander Decker
 
TFF2016, Rudi Studer, Smarte Dienstleistungen mit semantischen Technologien
TFF2016, Rudi Studer, Smarte Dienstleistungen mit semantischen TechnologienTFF2016, Rudi Studer, Smarte Dienstleistungen mit semantischen Technologien
TFF2016, Rudi Studer, Smarte Dienstleistungen mit semantischen TechnologienTourismFastForward
 
Semantic.edu, an introduction
Semantic.edu, an introductionSemantic.edu, an introduction
Semantic.edu, an introductionBryan Alexander
 
Search Engine Scrapper
Search Engine ScrapperSearch Engine Scrapper
Search Engine ScrapperIRJET Journal
 
a shift in our research focus: from knowledge acquisition to knowledge augmen...
a shift in our research focus: from knowledge acquisition to knowledge augmen...a shift in our research focus: from knowledge acquisition to knowledge augmen...
a shift in our research focus: from knowledge acquisition to knowledge augmen...Fabien Gandon
 

Similar to The Web We Mix - benevolent AIs for a resilient web (20)

Extraction and Retrieval of Web based Content in Web Engineering
Extraction and Retrieval of Web based Content in Web EngineeringExtraction and Retrieval of Web based Content in Web Engineering
Extraction and Retrieval of Web based Content in Web Engineering
 
Finding knowledge, data and answers on the Semantic Web
Finding knowledge, data and answers on the Semantic WebFinding knowledge, data and answers on the Semantic Web
Finding knowledge, data and answers on the Semantic Web
 
Information Extraction and Linked Data Cloud
Information Extraction and Linked Data CloudInformation Extraction and Linked Data Cloud
Information Extraction and Linked Data Cloud
 
FAIR Computational Workflows
FAIR Computational WorkflowsFAIR Computational Workflows
FAIR Computational Workflows
 
Towards Knowledge Graph based Representation, Augmentation and Exploration of...
Towards Knowledge Graph based Representation, Augmentation and Exploration of...Towards Knowledge Graph based Representation, Augmentation and Exploration of...
Towards Knowledge Graph based Representation, Augmentation and Exploration of...
 
Semantic web design for www.data.gov.sg - Presentation
Semantic web design for www.data.gov.sg - PresentationSemantic web design for www.data.gov.sg - Presentation
Semantic web design for www.data.gov.sg - Presentation
 
Infrastructures Supporting Inter-disciplinary Research - Exemplars from the UK

Infrastructures Supporting Inter-disciplinary Research - Exemplars from the UK
Infrastructures Supporting Inter-disciplinary Research - Exemplars from the UK

Infrastructures Supporting Inter-disciplinary Research - Exemplars from the UK

 
Web Data Extraction: A Crash Course
Web Data Extraction: A Crash CourseWeb Data Extraction: A Crash Course
Web Data Extraction: A Crash Course
 
Developing Linked Data and Semantic Web-based Applications (Expotec 2015)
Developing Linked Data and Semantic Web-based Applications (Expotec 2015)Developing Linked Data and Semantic Web-based Applications (Expotec 2015)
Developing Linked Data and Semantic Web-based Applications (Expotec 2015)
 
Self adaptive based natural language interface for disambiguation of
Self adaptive based natural language interface for disambiguation ofSelf adaptive based natural language interface for disambiguation of
Self adaptive based natural language interface for disambiguation of
 
From Linked Data to Semantic Applications
From Linked Data to Semantic ApplicationsFrom Linked Data to Semantic Applications
From Linked Data to Semantic Applications
 
A_Review_of_Question_Answering_Systems.pdf
A_Review_of_Question_Answering_Systems.pdfA_Review_of_Question_Answering_Systems.pdf
A_Review_of_Question_Answering_Systems.pdf
 
Cloud Computing Research Developments and Future Directions
Cloud Computing Research Developments and Future DirectionsCloud Computing Research Developments and Future Directions
Cloud Computing Research Developments and Future Directions
 
Software Sustainability: Better Software Better Science
Software Sustainability: Better Software Better ScienceSoftware Sustainability: Better Software Better Science
Software Sustainability: Better Software Better Science
 
Stacked Generalization of Random Forest and Decision Tree Techniques for Libr...
Stacked Generalization of Random Forest and Decision Tree Techniques for Libr...Stacked Generalization of Random Forest and Decision Tree Techniques for Libr...
Stacked Generalization of Random Forest and Decision Tree Techniques for Libr...
 
Using optimized features for modified optical backpropagation
Using optimized features for modified optical backpropagationUsing optimized features for modified optical backpropagation
Using optimized features for modified optical backpropagation
 
TFF2016, Rudi Studer, Smarte Dienstleistungen mit semantischen Technologien
TFF2016, Rudi Studer, Smarte Dienstleistungen mit semantischen TechnologienTFF2016, Rudi Studer, Smarte Dienstleistungen mit semantischen Technologien
TFF2016, Rudi Studer, Smarte Dienstleistungen mit semantischen Technologien
 
Semantic.edu, an introduction
Semantic.edu, an introductionSemantic.edu, an introduction
Semantic.edu, an introduction
 
Search Engine Scrapper
Search Engine ScrapperSearch Engine Scrapper
Search Engine Scrapper
 
a shift in our research focus: from knowledge acquisition to knowledge augmen...
a shift in our research focus: from knowledge acquisition to knowledge augmen...a shift in our research focus: from knowledge acquisition to knowledge augmen...
a shift in our research focus: from knowledge acquisition to knowledge augmen...
 

More from Fabien Gandon

Walking Our Way to the Web
Walking Our Way to the WebWalking Our Way to the Web
Walking Our Way to the WebFabien Gandon
 
Evaluation d’explications pour la prédiction de liens dans les graphes de con...
Evaluation d’explications pour la prédiction de liens dans les graphes de con...Evaluation d’explications pour la prédiction de liens dans les graphes de con...
Evaluation d’explications pour la prédiction de liens dans les graphes de con...Fabien Gandon
 
A Never-Ending Project for Humanity Called “the Web”
A Never-Ending Project for Humanity Called “the Web”A Never-Ending Project for Humanity Called “the Web”
A Never-Ending Project for Humanity Called “the Web”Fabien Gandon
 
CovidOnTheWeb : covid19 linked data published on the Web
CovidOnTheWeb : covid19 linked data published on the WebCovidOnTheWeb : covid19 linked data published on the Web
CovidOnTheWeb : covid19 linked data published on the WebFabien Gandon
 
from linked data & knowledge graphs to linked intelligence & intelligence graphs
from linked data & knowledge graphs to linked intelligence & intelligence graphsfrom linked data & knowledge graphs to linked intelligence & intelligence graphs
from linked data & knowledge graphs to linked intelligence & intelligence graphsFabien Gandon
 
How to supervise your supervisor?
How to supervise your supervisor?How to supervise your supervisor?
How to supervise your supervisor?Fabien Gandon
 
Dans l'esprit du Pagerank: regards croisés sur les algorithmes,
Dans l'esprit du Pagerank: regards croisés sur les algorithmes,Dans l'esprit du Pagerank: regards croisés sur les algorithmes,
Dans l'esprit du Pagerank: regards croisés sur les algorithmes,Fabien Gandon
 
Retours sur le MOOC "Web Sémantique et Web de données"
Retours sur le MOOC "Web Sémantique et Web de données"Retours sur le MOOC "Web Sémantique et Web de données"
Retours sur le MOOC "Web Sémantique et Web de données"Fabien Gandon
 
Emotions in Argumentation: an Empirical Evaluation @ IJCAI 2015
Emotions in Argumentation: an Empirical Evaluation @ IJCAI 2015Emotions in Argumentation: an Empirical Evaluation @ IJCAI 2015
Emotions in Argumentation: an Empirical Evaluation @ IJCAI 2015Fabien Gandon
 
Les (r)évolutions de la planète Web
Les (r)évolutions de la planète WebLes (r)évolutions de la planète Web
Les (r)évolutions de la planète WebFabien Gandon
 
Données liées et Web sémantique : quand le lien fait sens.
Données liées et Web sémantique : quand le lien fait sens. Données liées et Web sémantique : quand le lien fait sens.
Données liées et Web sémantique : quand le lien fait sens. Fabien Gandon
 
Data protection and security on the web, ESWC2014 Panel
Data protection and security on the web, ESWC2014 PanelData protection and security on the web, ESWC2014 Panel
Data protection and security on the web, ESWC2014 PanelFabien Gandon
 
An introduction to Semantic Web and Linked Data
An introduction to Semantic Web and Linked DataAn introduction to Semantic Web and Linked Data
An introduction to Semantic Web and Linked DataFabien Gandon
 
on the ontological necessity of the multidisciplinary development of the web
on the ontological necessity of the multidisciplinary development of the webon the ontological necessity of the multidisciplinary development of the web
on the ontological necessity of the multidisciplinary development of the webFabien Gandon
 
quand le lien fait sens
quand le lien fait sensquand le lien fait sens
quand le lien fait sensFabien Gandon
 
when the link makes sense
when the link makes sensewhen the link makes sense
when the link makes senseFabien Gandon
 
Données de la culture et culture des données
Données de la culture et culture des donnéesDonnées de la culture et culture des données
Données de la culture et culture des donnéesFabien Gandon
 

More from Fabien Gandon (17)

Walking Our Way to the Web
Walking Our Way to the WebWalking Our Way to the Web
Walking Our Way to the Web
 
Evaluation d’explications pour la prédiction de liens dans les graphes de con...
Evaluation d’explications pour la prédiction de liens dans les graphes de con...Evaluation d’explications pour la prédiction de liens dans les graphes de con...
Evaluation d’explications pour la prédiction de liens dans les graphes de con...
 
A Never-Ending Project for Humanity Called “the Web”
A Never-Ending Project for Humanity Called “the Web”A Never-Ending Project for Humanity Called “the Web”
A Never-Ending Project for Humanity Called “the Web”
 
CovidOnTheWeb : covid19 linked data published on the Web
CovidOnTheWeb : covid19 linked data published on the WebCovidOnTheWeb : covid19 linked data published on the Web
CovidOnTheWeb : covid19 linked data published on the Web
 
from linked data & knowledge graphs to linked intelligence & intelligence graphs
from linked data & knowledge graphs to linked intelligence & intelligence graphsfrom linked data & knowledge graphs to linked intelligence & intelligence graphs
from linked data & knowledge graphs to linked intelligence & intelligence graphs
 
How to supervise your supervisor?
How to supervise your supervisor?How to supervise your supervisor?
How to supervise your supervisor?
 
Dans l'esprit du Pagerank: regards croisés sur les algorithmes,
Dans l'esprit du Pagerank: regards croisés sur les algorithmes,Dans l'esprit du Pagerank: regards croisés sur les algorithmes,
Dans l'esprit du Pagerank: regards croisés sur les algorithmes,
 
Retours sur le MOOC "Web Sémantique et Web de données"
Retours sur le MOOC "Web Sémantique et Web de données"Retours sur le MOOC "Web Sémantique et Web de données"
Retours sur le MOOC "Web Sémantique et Web de données"
 
Emotions in Argumentation: an Empirical Evaluation @ IJCAI 2015
Emotions in Argumentation: an Empirical Evaluation @ IJCAI 2015Emotions in Argumentation: an Empirical Evaluation @ IJCAI 2015
Emotions in Argumentation: an Empirical Evaluation @ IJCAI 2015
 
Les (r)évolutions de la planète Web
Les (r)évolutions de la planète WebLes (r)évolutions de la planète Web
Les (r)évolutions de la planète Web
 
Données liées et Web sémantique : quand le lien fait sens.
Données liées et Web sémantique : quand le lien fait sens. Données liées et Web sémantique : quand le lien fait sens.
Données liées et Web sémantique : quand le lien fait sens.
 
Data protection and security on the web, ESWC2014 Panel
Data protection and security on the web, ESWC2014 PanelData protection and security on the web, ESWC2014 Panel
Data protection and security on the web, ESWC2014 Panel
 
An introduction to Semantic Web and Linked Data
An introduction to Semantic Web and Linked DataAn introduction to Semantic Web and Linked Data
An introduction to Semantic Web and Linked Data
 
on the ontological necessity of the multidisciplinary development of the web
on the ontological necessity of the multidisciplinary development of the webon the ontological necessity of the multidisciplinary development of the web
on the ontological necessity of the multidisciplinary development of the web
 
quand le lien fait sens
quand le lien fait sensquand le lien fait sens
quand le lien fait sens
 
when the link makes sense
when the link makes sensewhen the link makes sense
when the link makes sense
 
Données de la culture et culture des données
Données de la culture et culture des donnéesDonnées de la culture et culture des données
Données de la culture et culture des données
 

Recently uploaded

Quasar and Microquasar Series - Microquasars in our Galaxy
Quasar and Microquasar Series - Microquasars in our GalaxyQuasar and Microquasar Series - Microquasars in our Galaxy
Quasar and Microquasar Series - Microquasars in our GalaxySérgio Sacani
 
Volatile Oils-Introduction for pharmacy students and graduates
Volatile Oils-Introduction for pharmacy students and graduatesVolatile Oils-Introduction for pharmacy students and graduates
Volatile Oils-Introduction for pharmacy students and graduatesAhmed Metwaly
 
Elbow joint - Anatomy of the Elbow joint
Elbow joint - Anatomy of the Elbow jointElbow joint - Anatomy of the Elbow joint
Elbow joint - Anatomy of the Elbow jointTELISHA2
 
Planeta 9 - A Pan-STARRS1 Search for Planet Nine
Planeta 9 - A Pan-STARRS1 Search for Planet NinePlaneta 9 - A Pan-STARRS1 Search for Planet Nine
Planeta 9 - A Pan-STARRS1 Search for Planet NineSérgio Sacani
 
Open Access Publishing in Astrophysics and the Open Journal of Astrophysics
Open Access Publishing in Astrophysics and the Open Journal of AstrophysicsOpen Access Publishing in Astrophysics and the Open Journal of Astrophysics
Open Access Publishing in Astrophysics and the Open Journal of AstrophysicsPeter Coles
 
Thornyissue testing of slideshow for website
Thornyissue testing of slideshow for websiteThornyissue testing of slideshow for website
Thornyissue testing of slideshow for websitesuelcarter1
 
Open Access Publishing and the Open Journal of Astrophysics
Open Access Publishing and the Open Journal of AstrophysicsOpen Access Publishing and the Open Journal of Astrophysics
Open Access Publishing and the Open Journal of AstrophysicsPeter Coles
 
green chemistry, clean sustainable environment.ppt
green chemistry, clean sustainable environment.pptgreen chemistry, clean sustainable environment.ppt
green chemistry, clean sustainable environment.pptRashmiSanghi1
 
2024 Insilicogen Company English Brochure
2024 Insilicogen Company English Brochure2024 Insilicogen Company English Brochure
2024 Insilicogen Company English BrochureInsilico Gen
 
Hypertension in Children and Adolescents
Hypertension in Children and AdolescentsHypertension in Children and Adolescents
Hypertension in Children and AdolescentsTristanBabaylan1
 
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy or DMD .pptx
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy or DMD .pptxDuchenne Muscular Dystrophy or DMD .pptx
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy or DMD .pptxNavanidhan.M
 
LIGHT Community Medicine LIGHT IS A SOURCE OF ENERGY THERE ARE TWO TYPE OF S...
LIGHT  Community Medicine LIGHT IS A SOURCE OF ENERGY THERE ARE TWO TYPE OF S...LIGHT  Community Medicine LIGHT IS A SOURCE OF ENERGY THERE ARE TWO TYPE OF S...
LIGHT Community Medicine LIGHT IS A SOURCE OF ENERGY THERE ARE TWO TYPE OF S...Abhinav S
 
Rootstock scion and Interstock Relationship Selection of Elite Mother Plants
Rootstock scion and Interstock Relationship Selection of Elite Mother PlantsRootstock scion and Interstock Relationship Selection of Elite Mother Plants
Rootstock scion and Interstock Relationship Selection of Elite Mother PlantsAmanDohre
 
PROSTHETIC FEET description and its types
PROSTHETIC FEET description and its typesPROSTHETIC FEET description and its types
PROSTHETIC FEET description and its typeseshasmalik27
 
The ExoGRAVITY project - observations of exoplanets from the ground with opti...
The ExoGRAVITY project - observations of exoplanets from the ground with opti...The ExoGRAVITY project - observations of exoplanets from the ground with opti...
The ExoGRAVITY project - observations of exoplanets from the ground with opti...Advanced-Concepts-Team
 
REARING EQUIPMENT IN SERICULTURE . pptx
REARING EQUIPMENT IN SERICULTURE . pptxREARING EQUIPMENT IN SERICULTURE . pptx
REARING EQUIPMENT IN SERICULTURE . pptxVISHALI SELVAM
 
ROLES OF MICROBES IN BIOCONTROL BY ANKIT CHOUDHARY.ppsx
ROLES OF MICROBES IN BIOCONTROL BY ANKIT CHOUDHARY.ppsxROLES OF MICROBES IN BIOCONTROL BY ANKIT CHOUDHARY.ppsx
ROLES OF MICROBES IN BIOCONTROL BY ANKIT CHOUDHARY.ppsxAnkitChoudhary955647
 
Earth and Planetary Science | Volume 01 | Issue 01 | April 2022
Earth and Planetary Science | Volume 01 | Issue 01 | April 2022Earth and Planetary Science | Volume 01 | Issue 01 | April 2022
Earth and Planetary Science | Volume 01 | Issue 01 | April 2022Nan Yang Academy of Sciences
 
From Leaf to Lab: Uncovering the Molecular Mysteries of Cannabis
From Leaf to Lab: Uncovering the Molecular Mysteries of CannabisFrom Leaf to Lab: Uncovering the Molecular Mysteries of Cannabis
From Leaf to Lab: Uncovering the Molecular Mysteries of CannabisMarkus Roggen
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Quasar and Microquasar Series - Microquasars in our Galaxy
Quasar and Microquasar Series - Microquasars in our GalaxyQuasar and Microquasar Series - Microquasars in our Galaxy
Quasar and Microquasar Series - Microquasars in our Galaxy
 
Volatile Oils-Introduction for pharmacy students and graduates
Volatile Oils-Introduction for pharmacy students and graduatesVolatile Oils-Introduction for pharmacy students and graduates
Volatile Oils-Introduction for pharmacy students and graduates
 
Elbow joint - Anatomy of the Elbow joint
Elbow joint - Anatomy of the Elbow jointElbow joint - Anatomy of the Elbow joint
Elbow joint - Anatomy of the Elbow joint
 
Planeta 9 - A Pan-STARRS1 Search for Planet Nine
Planeta 9 - A Pan-STARRS1 Search for Planet NinePlaneta 9 - A Pan-STARRS1 Search for Planet Nine
Planeta 9 - A Pan-STARRS1 Search for Planet Nine
 
Open Access Publishing in Astrophysics and the Open Journal of Astrophysics
Open Access Publishing in Astrophysics and the Open Journal of AstrophysicsOpen Access Publishing in Astrophysics and the Open Journal of Astrophysics
Open Access Publishing in Astrophysics and the Open Journal of Astrophysics
 
Thornyissue testing of slideshow for website
Thornyissue testing of slideshow for websiteThornyissue testing of slideshow for website
Thornyissue testing of slideshow for website
 
Open Access Publishing and the Open Journal of Astrophysics
Open Access Publishing and the Open Journal of AstrophysicsOpen Access Publishing and the Open Journal of Astrophysics
Open Access Publishing and the Open Journal of Astrophysics
 
green chemistry, clean sustainable environment.ppt
green chemistry, clean sustainable environment.pptgreen chemistry, clean sustainable environment.ppt
green chemistry, clean sustainable environment.ppt
 
2024 Insilicogen Company English Brochure
2024 Insilicogen Company English Brochure2024 Insilicogen Company English Brochure
2024 Insilicogen Company English Brochure
 
Hypertension in Children and Adolescents
Hypertension in Children and AdolescentsHypertension in Children and Adolescents
Hypertension in Children and Adolescents
 
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy or DMD .pptx
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy or DMD .pptxDuchenne Muscular Dystrophy or DMD .pptx
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy or DMD .pptx
 
LIGHT Community Medicine LIGHT IS A SOURCE OF ENERGY THERE ARE TWO TYPE OF S...
LIGHT  Community Medicine LIGHT IS A SOURCE OF ENERGY THERE ARE TWO TYPE OF S...LIGHT  Community Medicine LIGHT IS A SOURCE OF ENERGY THERE ARE TWO TYPE OF S...
LIGHT Community Medicine LIGHT IS A SOURCE OF ENERGY THERE ARE TWO TYPE OF S...
 
Rootstock scion and Interstock Relationship Selection of Elite Mother Plants
Rootstock scion and Interstock Relationship Selection of Elite Mother PlantsRootstock scion and Interstock Relationship Selection of Elite Mother Plants
Rootstock scion and Interstock Relationship Selection of Elite Mother Plants
 
PROSTHETIC FEET description and its types
PROSTHETIC FEET description and its typesPROSTHETIC FEET description and its types
PROSTHETIC FEET description and its types
 
The ExoGRAVITY project - observations of exoplanets from the ground with opti...
The ExoGRAVITY project - observations of exoplanets from the ground with opti...The ExoGRAVITY project - observations of exoplanets from the ground with opti...
The ExoGRAVITY project - observations of exoplanets from the ground with opti...
 
INTRODUCTION TO PLANT TAXONOMY WITH DIVERSE TAXONOMIC APPROACHES
INTRODUCTION TO PLANT TAXONOMY WITH DIVERSE TAXONOMIC APPROACHESINTRODUCTION TO PLANT TAXONOMY WITH DIVERSE TAXONOMIC APPROACHES
INTRODUCTION TO PLANT TAXONOMY WITH DIVERSE TAXONOMIC APPROACHES
 
REARING EQUIPMENT IN SERICULTURE . pptx
REARING EQUIPMENT IN SERICULTURE . pptxREARING EQUIPMENT IN SERICULTURE . pptx
REARING EQUIPMENT IN SERICULTURE . pptx
 
ROLES OF MICROBES IN BIOCONTROL BY ANKIT CHOUDHARY.ppsx
ROLES OF MICROBES IN BIOCONTROL BY ANKIT CHOUDHARY.ppsxROLES OF MICROBES IN BIOCONTROL BY ANKIT CHOUDHARY.ppsx
ROLES OF MICROBES IN BIOCONTROL BY ANKIT CHOUDHARY.ppsx
 
Earth and Planetary Science | Volume 01 | Issue 01 | April 2022
Earth and Planetary Science | Volume 01 | Issue 01 | April 2022Earth and Planetary Science | Volume 01 | Issue 01 | April 2022
Earth and Planetary Science | Volume 01 | Issue 01 | April 2022
 
From Leaf to Lab: Uncovering the Molecular Mysteries of Cannabis
From Leaf to Lab: Uncovering the Molecular Mysteries of CannabisFrom Leaf to Lab: Uncovering the Molecular Mysteries of Cannabis
From Leaf to Lab: Uncovering the Molecular Mysteries of Cannabis
 

The Web We Mix - benevolent AIs for a resilient web

  • 1. The Web We Mix benevolent AIs for a resilient web Fabien Gandon, http://fabien.info I'm sorry, Dave. I'm afraid I can't do that.
  • 2. WIMMICS TEAM  Inria  CNRS  University Côte D’Azur (UCA) I3S Web-Instrumented Man-Machine Interactions, Communities and Semantics
  • 3. CHALLENGE to bridge social semantics and formal semantics on the Web
  • 4. MULTI-DISCIPLINARY TEAM  40~50 members  ~15 nationalities  1 DR, 3 Professors  3CR, 4 Assistant professors DR/Professors:  Fabien GANDON, Inria, AI, KRR, Semantic Web, Social Web  Nhan LE THANH, UCA, Logics, KR, Emotions, Workflows  Peter SANDER, UCA, Web, Emotions  Andrea TETTAMANZI, UCA, AI, Logics, Agents, CR/Assistant Professors:  Michel BUFFA, UCA, Web, Social Media  Elena CABRIO, UCA, NLP, KR, Linguistics, Q&A, Text Mining  Olivier CORBY, Inria, KR, AI, Sem. Web, Programming, Graphs  Catherine FARON-ZUCKER, UCA, KR, AI, Semantic Web, Graphs  Alain GIBOIN, Inria, Interaction Design, KE, User & Task models  Isabelle MIRBEL, UCA, Requirements, Communities  Serena VILLATA, CNRS, AI, Argumentation, Licenses, Rights Research engineer: Franck MICHEL, CNRS, Linked Data, Integration, DB External:  Andrei Ciortea (University of St. Gallen) Agents, WoT, Sem. Web  Nicolas DELAFORGE (Mnemotix) Sem. Web, KM, Integration  Claude FRASSON (University of Montreal) Emotion, eLearning  Freddy LECUE (Thales, Montreal) AI, Logics, Mining, Big Data, Sem. Web
  • 5. AI for classical Web tasks
  • 6. Autonomy AgentWare Web Researcher, 1996 Dogs’ UI metaphor to Machine Learning Sent to Web kennels to work offline
  • 7. SEARCHING  exploratory search  question-answering DISCOVERYHUB.CO semantic spreading activation new evaluation protocol [Marie, Giboin, Palagi et al.]
  • 8. SEARCHING  exploratory search  question-answering DISCOVERYHUB.CO semantic spreading activation new evaluation protocol [D:Work], played by [R:Person] [D:Work] stars [R:Person] [D:Work] film stars [R:Person] starring(Work, Person) linguistic relational pattern extraction named entity recognition similarity based SPARQL generation select * where { dbpr:Batman_Begins dbp:starring ?v . OPTIONAL {?v rdfs:label ?l filter(lang(?l)="en")} } [Cabrio et al.] [Marie, Giboin, Palagi et al.] QAKiS.ORG
  • 11. linked open data(sets) cloud on the Web 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 01/05/2007 08/10/2007 07/11/2007 10/11/2007 28/02/2008 31/03/2008 18/09/2008 05/03/2009 27/03/2009 14/07/2009 22/09/2010 19/09/2011 30/08/2014 26/01/2017 number of linked open datasets on the Web
  • 12. CRAWLING  Predict data availability  Select features of URIs [Huang, Gandon 2019]
  • 13. CRAWLING  Predict data availability  Select features of URIs  Learn crawling selection  Online learning w. crawling [Huang, Gandon 2019]
  • 14. EDTECH & WEB for e-learning & serious games [Rodriguez-Rocha, Faron-Zucker et al.]
  • 15. QUIZZES Automated generation of quizzes [Rodriguez-Rocha, Faron-Zucker et al.] rdf:type p rdfs:subClassOf ? ? ? ? RDF Q&A Generation NL Questions Generation Ranking Question SELECTION Knowledge Graph QuizQ&A
  • 17. over adaptation & filter bubble(c.f. Eli Pariser)
  • 20. UNCERTAINTY Can uncertainty be formalized on top of the standards of the Semantic Web, to be published on the Web ? [Djebri et al 2019]
  • 21. UNCERTAINTY Can uncertainty be formalized on top of the standards of the Semantic Web, to be published on the Web ? [Djebri et al 2019] prob:Probability a munc:UncertaintyApproach; munc:hasUncertaintyFeature prob:probabilityValue; munc:hasUncertaintyOperator prob:and. prob:probabilityValue prob:and prob:multiplyProbability. prob:Probability prob:probabilityValue prob:and ex:multiplyProbability munc:hasUncertainty Feature munc:hasUncertainty Operator
  • 22. UNCERTAINTY LINKED CALCULI [Djebri et al 2019] function prob:multiplyProbability(?s1, ?s2, ?c) { let(?v1 = munc:getMeta(?s1, prob:Probability)){ if(prob:verifyIndependent(?s1, ?s2) == true) ?v2 = munc:getMeta(?s2, prob:Probability, xt:list(?s1, ?c)) return (?v1 * ?v2) } else { ?v2 = munc:getMeta(?s2, prob:Probability) return (?v1 * ?v2) } } } prob:Probability a munc:UncertaintyApproach; munc:hasUncertaintyFeature prob:probabilityValue; munc:hasUncertaintyOperator prob:and. prob:probabilityValue prob:and prob:multiplyProbability. prob:Probability prob:probabilityValue prob:and ex:multiplyProbability munc:hasUncertainty Feature munc:hasUncertainty Operator
  • 23. UNCERTAINTY Can uncertainty be translated and negotiated? [Djebri et al 2019]
  • 24. UNCERTAINTY Can uncertainty be translated and negotiated? [Djebri et al 2019] • Specify uncertainty in parameter linked to the format • GET /some/resource HTTP/1.1 Accept: text/turtle;uncertainty="http://example.com/Probability";q=0.8, text/turtle;uncertainty="http://example.com/Possibility";q=0.2; • Use uncertainty as a profile : prof-Conneg • GET /some/resource HTTP/1.1 Accept: text/turtle;q=0.8;profile="prob:Probability", text/turtle;q=0.2;profile="poss:Possibility" • HEAD /some/resource HTTP/1.1 Accept: text/turtle;q=0.9,application/rdf+xml;q=0.5 Link: <http://example.com/Probability>; rel="profile" (RFC 6906) • GET /some/resource HTTP/1.1 Accept: text/turtle Prefer: profile="prob:Probability" (RFC 7240)
  • 25. AI for classical Web tasks Web for classical AI tasks
  • 26. QUERY & INFER  graph rules and queries  deontic reasoning  induction CORESE  & G2 H2  & G1 H1 < Gn Hn abstract graph machine STTL [Corby, Faron-Zucker et al.]
  • 27. QUERY & INFER  graph rules and queries  deontic reasoning  induction CORESE  & G2 H2  & G1 H1 < Gn Hn RATIO4TA predict & explain abstract graph machine STTL [Hasan et al.] [Corby, Faron-Zucker et al.]
  • 28. QUERY & INFER  graph rules and queries  deontic reasoning  induction CORESE INDUCTION  & G2 H2  & G1 H1 < Gn Hn RATIO4TA predict & explain find missing knowledge abstract graph machine STTL [Hasan et al.] [Tettamanzietal.] [Corby, Faron-Zucker et al.]
  • 29. QUERY & INFER  graph rules and queries  deontic reasoning  induction CORESE LICENTIA INDUCTION  & G2 H2  & G1 H1 < Gn Hn RATIO4TA predict & explain find missing knowledge deontic reasoning, license compatibility and composition abstract graph machine STTL [Hasan et al.] [Tettamanzietal.] [Villata et al.] [Corby, Faron-Zucker et al.]
  • 30. the Web: this place where invisible brontobytes graze furiously 1027 bytes
  • 31. Smarter Cities – IBM Dublin [Lécué, 2015]
  • 32. Smarter Cities – IBM Dublin [Lécué, 2015]
  • 33. PREDICT HOSPITALIZATION  Physician’s records classification in order to predict hospitalization [Gazzotti, Faron et al. 2017] Sexe Date Cause CISP2 ... History Observations H 25/04/2012 vaccin-antitétanique A44 ... Appendicite EN CP - Bon état général - auscult pulm libre; bdc rég sans souffle - tympans ok- Element Number Patients Consultations Past medical history Biometric data Semiotics Diagnosis Row of prescribed drugs Symptoms Health care procedures Additional examination Paramedical prescription Observations/notes 55 823 364 684 187 290 293 908 250 669 117 442 847 422 23 488 11 850 871 590 17 222 56 143
  • 34. PREDICT HOSPITALIZATION  Physician’s records classification in order to predict hospitalization  Augment data with structured knowledge [Gazzotti, Faron et al. 2017] Sexe Date Cause CISP2 ... History Observations H 25/04/2012 vaccin-antitétanique A44 ... Appendicite EN CP - Bon état général - auscult pulm libre; bdc rég sans souffle - tympans ok- Element Number Patients Consultations Past medical history Biometric data Semiotics Diagnosis Row of prescribed drugs Symptoms Health care procedures Additional examination Paramedical prescription Observations/notes 55 823 364 684 187 290 293 908 250 669 117 442 847 422 23 488 11 850 871 590 17 222 56 143 (1)
  • 35. PREDICT HOSPITALIZATION  Physician’s records classification in order to predict hospitalization  Augment data with structured knowledge and study impact on different prediction methods  Study enrichment and features impact and combinations on different ML methods [Gazzotti, Faron et al. 2017] Sexe Date Cause CISP2 ... History Observations H 25/04/2012 vaccin-antitétanique A44 ... Appendicite EN CP - Bon état général - auscult pulm libre; bdc rég sans souffle - tympans ok- Element Number Patients Consultations Past medical history Biometric data Semiotics Diagnosis Row of prescribed drugs Symptoms Health care procedures Additional examination Paramedical prescription Observations/notes 55 823 364 684 187 290 293 908 250 669 117 442 847 422 23 488 11 850 871 590 17 222 56 143 (1) (2)
  • 36. MonaLIA  reason & query on RDF metadata to build balanced, unambiguous, labelled training sets. 350 000 images of artworks RDF metadata based on external thesauri Joconde database from French museums [Bobasheva et al. 2017]
  • 37. MonaLIA  reason & query on RDF metadata to build balanced, unambiguous, labelled training sets.  transfer learning & CNN classifiers on targeted categories (topics, techniques, etc.) 350 000 images of artworks RDF metadata based on external thesauri Joconde database from French museums (1) [Bobasheva et al. 2017]
  • 38. MonaLIA  reason & query on RDF metadata to build balanced, unambiguous, labelled training sets.  transfer learning & CNN classifiers on targeted categories (topics, techniques, etc.)  reason & query RDF metadata of results to address silence, noise and explain 350 000 images of artworks RDF metadata based on external thesauri Joconde database from French museums (1) (2) [Bobasheva et al. 2017] animal  bird ? painting 
  • 39. deduce data  model, schemas, ontologies, ... data data 15% progress
  • 40. learn data embeddings, parameters, configurations, … data data 30% progress
  • 41. sum intelligence  model, schemas, ontologies, ... embeddings, parameters, configurations, … data data 45% progress
  • 42. combine intelligence model, schemas, ontologies, ... embeddings, parameters, configurations, … data  60% progress
  • 43. remotely combine model, schemas, ontologies, … embeddings, parameters, configurations,…  Web 75% progress
  • 44. deeply combine data, knowledge, model, schemas, ontologies, … data, knowledge, embeddings, parameters, configurations,…  Web 90% progress
  • 45. combining AIs on the Web data, knowledge, model, schemas, ontologies, … data, knowledge, embeddings, parameters, configurations,…  Web 100% progress
  • 46. WEB EDGE AI  Edge AI directly in the browser  Web APIs, models, protocols,… [WebML @ W3C]
  • 47. Web ways applied to AI e.g. copy-paste based reuse and contribution to create Web AIs
  • 49. automated deduction all birds can fly all penguins are birds so ...
  • 50. PIPE : 0.9143 automated classification
  • 52. PROBABILITY POSSIBILITY  Possibilistic Axiom Scoring  Possibility and Necessity Measures [Tettamanzi et al.] Assertions (evidence) Axiom (hypothesis) how to evaluate in an open-world? –1 +1 REJECT ACCEPT ?
  • 55. AI for classical Web tasks Web for classical AI tasks AI and Web augmentation
  • 56. “ « a Web-Augmented Interaction (WAI) is a user’s interaction with a system that is improved by allowing the system to access Web resources » [Gandon, Giboin, WebSci17]
  • 57. AZKAR remotely visit and interact with a museum through a robot and via the Web [Buffa et al.]
  • 58. ALOOF: Web and Perception [Cabrio, Basile et al.] Semantic Web-Mining and Deep Vision for Lifelong Object Discovery (ICRA 2017) Making Sense of Indoor Spaces using Semantic Web Mining and Situated Robot Perception (AnSWeR 2017)
  • 59. ALOOF: robots learning by reading on the Web First Object Relation Knowledge Base: 46.212 co-mentions gave 49 tools, 14 rooms, 101 “possible location” relations, Annie cuts the bread in the kitchen with her knife dbp:Knife aloof:Location dbp:Kitchen [Cabrio, Basile et al.]
  • 60. ALOOF: RDF dataset about objects [Cabrio, Basile et al.]  common sense knowledge about objects: classification, prototypical locations and actions  knowledge extracted from natural language parsing, crowdsourcing, distributional semantics, keyword linking, ...
  • 64. From Eliza to Lenny, talking to machines
  • 65. complex web applications barely visible evolution of the place of humans in = user = processor = data
  • 66. You will read this first Then you will read this… Then this… and only now are you reading this top left text… predictable means manipulable
  • 67. AI for Artificial Intelligence (McCarthy et al., 1955)
  • 68. AI for Artificial Intelligence (McCarthy et al., 1955) IA for Intelligence Amplification (Ashby, 1956) and Intelligence Augmentation (Engelbart, 1962)
  • 69. AI for Artificial Intelligence (McCarthy et al., 1955) IA for Intelligence Amplification (Ashby, 1956) and Intelligence Augmentation (Engelbart, 1962) Web as the rendez-vous point for two fields born in the 50s… AI & IA
  • 70. AI for classical Web tasks Web for classical AI tasks AI and Web augmentation AI and Web societies
  • 71. MODELING USERS  individual context  social structures PRISSMA prissma:Context 0 48.86034 -2.337599 200 geo:lat geo:lon prissma:radius 1 :museumGeo prissma:Environment 2 { 3, 1, 2, { pr i ssma: poi } } { 4, 0, 3, { pr i ssma: envi r onment } } :atTheMuseum error tolerant graph edit distance context ontology [Costabello et al.]
  • 72. MODELING USERS  individual context  social structures PRISSMA prissma:Context 0 48.86034 -2.337599 200 geo:lat geo:lon prissma:radius 1 :museumGeo prissma:Environment 2 { 3, 1, 2, { pr i ssma: poi } } { 4, 0, 3, { pr i ssma: envi r onment } } :atTheMuseum error tolerant graph edit distance context ontology OCKTOPUS tag, topic, user distribution tag and folksonomy restructuring with prefix trees [Costabello et al.] [Meng et al.]
  • 73. MODELING USERS  individual context  social structures PRISSMA prissma:Context 0 48.86034 -2.337599 200 geo:lat geo:lon prissma:radius 1 :museumGeo prissma:Environment 2 { 3, 1, 2, { pr i ssma: poi } } { 4, 0, 3, { pr i ssma: envi r onment } } :atTheMuseum error tolerant graph edit distance context ontology OCKTOPUS tag, topic, user distribution tag and folksonomy restructuring with prefix trees EMOCA&SEEMPAD emotion detection & annotation [Villata, Cabrio et al.] [Costabello et al.] [Meng et al.]
  • 75. DEBATES & EMOTIONS #IRC argument rejection attacks-disgust[Villata, Cabrio et al.]
  • 76. OPINIONS NLP, ML and arguments to monitor online image [Villata, Cabrio, et al.]
  • 77. ARGUMENT MINING ON CLINICAL TRIALS  NLP, ML and arguments  assist evidence-based medicine  support doctors and clinicians  identify doc. for certain disease  analyze argumentative content and PICO elements [Mayer, Cabrio, Villata]
  • 78. ARGUMENT MINING ON POLITICAL SPEECHES  NLP and Machine Learning.  Support historians/social science scholars  Analyze arguments in political speeches  DISPUTool : 39 political debates, last 50 years of US presidential campaigns (1960-2016) [Mayer, Cabrio, Villata]
  • 79. CYBERBULLYING CREEP EU project: detect and prevent [Corazza, Arslan, Cabrio, Villata]
  • 80. CYBERBULLYING CREEP EU project: detect and prevent [Corazza, Arslan, Cabrio, Villata]
  • 82. China: 1 400 millions India: 1 300 millions acebook: 2 400 millions
  • 83. inverse view of the world China: 1 400 millions India: 1 300 millions
  • 85. e.g. Wikipedia bots 2 187 bot approved for use on the English Wikipedia to help maintain 45 223 137 pages
  • 86. web… page social apps data … a.i.
  • 88. EDITS 0 500000 1000000 1500000 2000000 2500000 3000000 3500000 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 Wikipedia editors, 2012 0 500000 1000000 1500000 2000000 2500000 3000000 3500000 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 Humans
  • 89. massive interaction design ergonomics in hybrid web communities
  • 90. tardigrades Web AIs • 1 ° K / −458 °F / −272 °C  • 420 °K / 300 °F / 150 °C  • Vacuum / High pressure  • Ionizing radiation  • Himalayas / Deep sea  Extremophile
  • 96. Toward a Web of Programs “We have the potential for every HTML document to be a computer — and for it to be programmable. Because the thing about a Turing complete computer is that … anything you can imagine doing, you should be able to program.” (Tim Berners-Lee, 2015)
  • 98. Toward a Web of Things
  • 99. the Web as a global blackboard for artificial intelligence
  • 100. Connected Animals, Animal-computer interaction (ACI) Herdsourcing: monitoring collective animal behavior
  • 101. Consider a Web of intelligence linking  Web of Animals: connected animals to predict earthquakes  Web of Things, Web of Sensors  Web of AIs: reasoning systems, learning systems, etc.  Web of People: experts from all over the world (i.e. some expert always awake // crowdsourcing & Q&A expert routing) … to form a collective intelligent decision system.
  • 102. the Web as a global blackboard for artificial intelligence all kinds of
  • 104. IMAG_NE a Web linking all forms of Intelligence
  • 105. a Web Science research agenda must account for the fact that the long term potential of the Web is to augment and link everything. Peter Steiner, The New Yorker, 1993 Kaamran Hafeez, The New Yorker, 2015 I pass CAPTCHAs, Nobody knows I’m a bot 2019
  • 106. but…
  • 107. training common NLP models nearly five times the lifetime emissions of the average American car including the manufacturing of the car itself
  • 109. Business Insider, US National Archives, George Grantham Bain Collection 1942 ELECTRIC CAR PARIS 70km/h, 100km autonomy 1943 SWITCHBOARD AND LOST JOBS we need historians, sociologists,…
  • 110. www mmm world wide web massively multidisciplinary method
  • 111. - Look, we should stay away for a while; you and I are so over- informed that we come out of every conversation exhausted. Sempé
  • 112. Make the Web AI-friendly content, links, metadata, etc. data, knowledge, etc. AI Web bots: chat bots, recommenders, facilitators, etc. configuration, parameters, embeddings, services, communication, etc.