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The Online Stoning of MD & GT: Manifestations of Patriarchal  Microaggressions on Twitter         in Indonesia         A T...
Outline  •   Background  •   Methodology  •   Results  •   Discussions  •   Conclusion
Background
Malinda Dee           (MD)Age          : 48Occupation : Former Senior RelationshipManager at CitibankIndictment   : Embezz...
Gayus Tambunan      (GT)Age          : 33Occupation : Former Civil Servant atIndonesian Directorate of TaxationIndictment ...
Online Grapevine                   Online Prosecution
Research QuestionsThese tweet differences raised some questions:•   What social processes were involved and    differed in...
Methodology
Sentiment &     Google                   Content        ResultsK    Search                   Analysesey                   ...
Results
Negative Tonality for MD: 39.81% v Positive Tonality for GT: 38.69%
Sam e si ze: 216   pl              Sam e si ze: 199                      pl
Condescension                Toleration
Discussion
folk devila visible reminder of what we should not be- Cohen, 2002/2011 -
moral panicsa condition, episode, person or groupof persons emerges to becomedefined as a threat to societal valuesand int...
envyn. a feeling ofdiscontented or resentfullonging aroused bysomeone else’spossessions, qualities, orluck- New Oxford Ame...
schadenfreude n. pleasure derived by someone from another person’s misfortune. Origin: German, from Schaden ‘harm’ + Freud...
Anonimity, Disinhi                       bition, Anarchy                                            PatriarchalRetributive...
Microaggressionsthe brief and commonplacedaily verbal, behavioral, andenvironmentalindignities, whether intentional or    ...
INDONESIANPATRIARCHY INTERNET ANARCHY
Conclusions
Research QuestionsThese tweet differences raised some questions:•   What social processes were involved and    differed in...
Conclusions   •   The social processes that differ between MD and GT: MD       evoked social cognitive dissonance and mora...
Conclusions   •   Indonesian twitterers used Twitter to address their       social concerns regarding corruption and      ...
Conclusions•   Twitterers justified their self-righteous behaviors as an act of    punishing an extraordinary embezzler bu...
Recommendations•   This research can hopefully raise public awareness of the possible    impact of the phenomenon to the s...
Thank you            fariez.setiawan@gmail.com
The Online Stoning of MD & GT: Manifestations of Patriarchal Microaggressions on Twitter in Indonesia
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The Online Stoning of MD & GT: Manifestations of Patriarchal Microaggressions on Twitter in Indonesia

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This is my thesis defense presentation in December 2012, at Paramadina Graduate School, Jakarta, Indonesia.

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The Online Stoning of MD & GT: Manifestations of Patriarchal Microaggressions on Twitter in Indonesia

  1. 1. The Online Stoning of MD & GT: Manifestations of Patriarchal Microaggressions on Twitter in Indonesia A Thesis by Fariez Setiawan
  2. 2. Outline • Background • Methodology • Results • Discussions • Conclusion
  3. 3. Background
  4. 4. Malinda Dee (MD)Age : 48Occupation : Former Senior RelationshipManager at CitibankIndictment : Embezzlement
  5. 5. Gayus Tambunan (GT)Age : 33Occupation : Former Civil Servant atIndonesian Directorate of TaxationIndictment : Corruption
  6. 6. Online Grapevine Online Prosecution
  7. 7. Research QuestionsThese tweet differences raised some questions:• What social processes were involved and differed in the online prosecution of MD and GT?• To what extent do the use of Twitter characterized the ways in which Indonesian online society addressed their social concerns regarding corruption and embezzlement?• What were the implications of this phenomenon, particularly to Indonesian society?
  8. 8. Methodology
  9. 9. Sentiment & Google Content ResultsK Search Analysesey Thematicw Gathered Tweet Tendencies +o Tweets Translation Frequencyr Countingds Systematic Random Raw Data Values Sampling
  10. 10. Results
  11. 11. Negative Tonality for MD: 39.81% v Positive Tonality for GT: 38.69%
  12. 12. Sam e si ze: 216 pl Sam e si ze: 199 pl
  13. 13. Condescension Toleration
  14. 14. Discussion
  15. 15. folk devila visible reminder of what we should not be- Cohen, 2002/2011 -
  16. 16. moral panicsa condition, episode, person or groupof persons emerges to becomedefined as a threat to societal valuesand interests; its nature is presented ina stylized and stereotypical fashion bythe mass media; the moral barricadesare manned byeditors, bishops, politicians and otherright-thinking people; sociallyaccredited experts pronounce theirdiagnoses and solutions; ways ofcoping are evolved or (more often)resorted to; the condition thendisappears, submerges or deterioratesand becomes more visible- Cohen, 2002/2011 -
  17. 17. envyn. a feeling ofdiscontented or resentfullonging aroused bysomeone else’spossessions, qualities, orluck- New Oxford American Dictionary,2009 -
  18. 18. schadenfreude n. pleasure derived by someone from another person’s misfortune. Origin: German, from Schaden ‘harm’ + Freude ‘joy’ - New Oxford American Dictionary, 2009 -
  19. 19. Anonimity, Disinhi bition, Anarchy PatriarchalRetributive Justice PerspectiveMicroaggressions Schadenfreude Social Cognitive Dissonance
  20. 20. Microaggressionsthe brief and commonplacedaily verbal, behavioral, andenvironmentalindignities, whether intentional or Gender Inequalityunintentional, that communicate unequal treatment orhostile, derogatory, or negative Privileges perceptions of individualsracial, gender, sexual- special based on their genderorientation, and religious slights - Wikipedia, 2012 - rights, advantages, immunitiesand insults to the target person granted or available only to aor group particular person or group of- Sue, Capodilupo, et al. in Sue, 2010 - people - New Oxford American Dictionary, 2009 -
  21. 21. INDONESIANPATRIARCHY INTERNET ANARCHY
  22. 22. Conclusions
  23. 23. Research QuestionsThese tweet differences raised some questions:• What social processes were involved and differed in the online prosecution of MD and GT?• To what extent do the use of Twitter characterized the ways in which Indonesian online society addressed their social concerns regarding corruption and embezzlement?• What were the implications of this phenomenon, particularly to Indonesian society?
  24. 24. Conclusions • The social processes that differ between MD and GT: MD evoked social cognitive dissonance and moral panics among twitterers, who then attempted to dissociate themselves with MD through schadenfreude-laden microaggressions. On the contrary, GT create consonance to the commonality of corruption among civil servants, while his misconduct was still resonate well with Indonesian patriarchal culture, where men could err and regain their dignities.
  25. 25. Conclusions • Indonesian twitterers used Twitter to address their social concerns regarding corruption and embezzlement only in superficial and material perspectives – the superficial appearance of MD and the material wealth of GT.
  26. 26. Conclusions• Twitterers justified their self-righteous behaviors as an act of punishing an extraordinary embezzler but not a common corruptor, not knowing they perpetrated gender-based microaggressions in the process. This social phenomenon was propagated through Twitter, which then could become a social conditioning on microaggressions and patriarchal permissiveness toward corruption for younger generations.
  27. 27. Recommendations• This research can hopefully raise public awareness of the possible impact of the phenomenon to the society, most importantly regarding aggressive and derogative online behaviors.• The outcome of this research showed that the subject of this research still requires further and broader investigation, particularly on the sociological and psychological implications of internet use in relation to the cultural disposition of Indonesians.
  28. 28. Thank you fariez.setiawan@gmail.com

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