Organic Molecules vocabulary
Lipids
Lipids:
Fats and oils. Composed of carbon and
hydrogen. They are used to store energy long
term. Examples: butter, ...
Monomer
Monomer:
Smallest building block of a macromolecule.
Used to make other molecules. For example:
glucose and fructo...
Monosaccharide
monosaccharide:
Simple sugars. Glucose and fructose are
examples. Larger sugars are made by combining
the s...
Nucleic Acid
Nucleic Acid:
Composed of
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and
phosphorous. Building blocks of DNA & RNA.
...
Enzymes
Enzymes:
A protein that increases the rate at which
chemical reactions. The enzyme does not
change.
Proteins
Proteins:
Composed of hydrogen, oxygen, carbon, and
nitrogen, and sulfur. Building blocks of amino
acids. Example...
Polysaccharide
Polysaccharide:
Many simple sugars in very long chains. Create
molecules to be used for long-term energy
st...
Disaccharide
Disaccharide:
Two simple sugars joined together. Glucose +
Fructose = Sucrose.
Polymer
Polymer:
Long chains of monomers stuck together.
Carbohydrate
Carbohydrate:
Molecules made up of carbon, hydrogen, and
oxygen. They provide energy for living things.
Examp...
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Organic molecules vocabulary

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Organic molecules vocabulary

  1. 1. Organic Molecules vocabulary
  2. 2. Lipids Lipids: Fats and oils. Composed of carbon and hydrogen. They are used to store energy long term. Examples: butter, vegetable oil, found in cell membranes.
  3. 3. Monomer Monomer: Smallest building block of a macromolecule. Used to make other molecules. For example: glucose and fructose are monomers of carbohydrates. Glucose + Fructose together make sucrose.
  4. 4. Monosaccharide monosaccharide: Simple sugars. Glucose and fructose are examples. Larger sugars are made by combining the simple sugars together.
  5. 5. Nucleic Acid Nucleic Acid: Composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorous. Building blocks of DNA & RNA. Used to store the genetic information of the cell. Ex: DNA & RNA.
  6. 6. Enzymes Enzymes: A protein that increases the rate at which chemical reactions. The enzyme does not change.
  7. 7. Proteins Proteins: Composed of hydrogen, oxygen, carbon, and nitrogen, and sulfur. Building blocks of amino acids. Examples: muscles in body, collogen in skin, hemoglobin in blood.
  8. 8. Polysaccharide Polysaccharide: Many simple sugars in very long chains. Create molecules to be used for long-term energy storage. Examples: glycogen & cellulose.
  9. 9. Disaccharide Disaccharide: Two simple sugars joined together. Glucose + Fructose = Sucrose.
  10. 10. Polymer Polymer: Long chains of monomers stuck together.
  11. 11. Carbohydrate Carbohydrate: Molecules made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. They provide energy for living things. Examples: glucose, sucrose, cellulose.

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