Overview Of Corporate Governance


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A standard system of building enterprise-wide accountability and reinforcement to every stakeholder for the purpose of business success.

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Overview Of Corporate Governance

  1. 1. Overview of Corporate Governance
  2. 2. Learning Objectives At the end of this programme, participants should be able to do the following: i. Identify the basis of corporate governance ii.Describe the importance of corporate governance in a firm iii.Distinguish corporate governance from corporate management iv.Explain the role of OECD in development of corporate governance
  3. 3. Corporate governance is the process and structure used to direct and manage the business and affairs of the company towards enhancing business prosperity and corporate accountability with the ultimate objective of realizing long-term shareholder value, whilst taking into account the interest of other stakeholders. Source: Report on Corporate Governance, Malaysia
  4. 4. Corporate Governance refers to the manner in which the power of a corporation is exercised in the stewardship of the corporation’s total portfolio of assets and resources with the objective of maintaining and increasing shareholder value and satisfaction of other stakeholders in the context of its corporate mission. It is concerned with creating a balance between economic and social goals and between individual and communal goals while encouraging efficient use of resources, accountability in the use of power and stewardship and as far as possible to align the interests of individuals, corporations and society. Source: Private Sector Corporate Governance Trust, Kenya
  5. 5. “Good governance is not simply about corporate excellence. It is the key to economic and social transformation. The corporation of today are no longer sheer economic entities. These are the engines of economic and social transformation.” -Dr Madhav Mehra, President of World Council For Corporate Governance
  6. 6. If a country does not have a reputation for strong corporate governance practices, capital will flow elsewhere. If investors are not confident with the level of disclosure, capital will flow elsewhere. If a country opts for lax accounting and reporting standards, capital will flow elsewhere. All enterprises in that country – regardless of how steadfast a particular company’s practices may be – suffer the consequences. Source: Arthur Levitt, Former Chair of US Securities and Exchange Commission The Importance of Good Governance
  7. 7. Corporate Governance of an Organisation
  8. 8. Effective corporate governance requires a clear understanding of the respective roles of the board and of senior management and their relationships with others in the corporate structure. The relationships of the board and management with stockholders should be characterized by candor; their relationships with employees should be characterized by fairness; their relationships with the communities in which they operate should be characterized by good citizenship; and their relationships with government should be characterized by a commitment to compliance. Source: The Business Roundtable
  9. 9. Accountabili ty Fundamental Pillars of Corporate Governance Corporate Governance Transparenc y Responsibilit y Fairness Source: Malaysian Institute of Corporate Governance
  10. 10. Accountability Clarifying governance roles & responsibilities, and supporting voluntary efforts to ensure the alignment of managerial and shareholder interests and monitoring by the board of directors capable of objectivity and sound judgment. Transparency Requiring timely disclosure of adequate information concerning corporate financial performance
  11. 11. Responsibility Ensuring that corporations comply with relevant laws and regulations that reflect the society’s values Fairness Ensuring the protection of shareholders’ rights and the enforceability of contracts with service/resource providers
  12. 12. International Initiatives on Corporate Governance  International Corporate Governance Network founded by institutional investors in Europe and North America  Global Corporate Governance Forum founded by OECD and World Bank  Commonwealth Association for Corporate Governance founded by Commonwealth Heads of Government
  13. 13. International Scenario Year Name of Committee/Body Areas/Aspects Covered 1992 Sir Adrian Cadbury Committee, UK Financial Aspects of Corporate Governance 1994 Mervyn E . King’s Committee , South Africa Corporate Governance 1995 Greenbury Committee , UK Directors’ Remuneration 1998 Hampel Committee, UK Combine Code of Best Practices 1999 Blue Ribbon Committee, US Improving the Effectiveness of Corporate Audit Committees 1999 OECD Principles of Corporate Governance 1999 CACG Principles for Corporate Governance in Commonwealth 2003 Derek Higgs Committee, UK Review of role of effectiveness of Non-executive Directors 2003 ASX Corporate Governance Council, Australia Principles of Good Corporate Governance and Best Practice Recommendations Source: Rajkumar Adukia, Corporate Governance & Audit Committee
  14. 14. OECD The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development started operations in 1961to convene governments of countries focused on democracy and the market economy to support sustainable economic growth, boost employment, raise living standards, maintain financial stability, assist in enhancing economic development, boost growth in world trade, share expertise and exchange views.
  15. 15. OECD Principles of Corporate Governance Endorsement of OECD Principles of Corporate Governance by OECD Ministers as an international benchmark for policy makers, investors, corporations and other stakeholders worldwide. Revised Principles of Corporate Governance. OECD Steering Group on Corporate Governance issued the Methodology for Assessing Implementation of OECD Principles of Corporate Governance.
  16. 16. OECD Principles of corporate governance serve as framework for Country Corporate Governance Assessment, which is part of Reports on the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC) coordinated by World Bank and International Monetary Fund
  17. 17. Reports on the Observance of Standards and Codes ROSCs summarize the extent to which countries observe certain internationally recognized standards and codes. The IMF has recognized 12 areas and associated standards as useful for the operational work of the Fund and the World Bank. These comprise accounting; auditing; anti-money laundering and countering the financing of terrorism; banking supervision; corporate governance; data dissemination; fiscal transparency; insolvency and creditor rights; insurance supervision; monetary and financial policy transparency; payments systems; and securities regulation. Source: International Monetary Fund
  18. 18. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE CORPORATE MANAGEMENT External Focus Internal Focus Governance assumes an open system Management assumes a closed system Strategy-orientated Task-orientated Concerned with where the company is going Concerned with getting the company there
  19. 19. “Corporate governance is… holding the balance between economic and social goals and between individual and communal goals. The governance framework is there to encourage the efficient use of resources and equally to require accountability for the stewardship of those resources. The aim is to align as nearly as possible the interests of individuals, corporations and society. The incentive to corporations is to achieve their corporate aims and to attract investment. The incentive for states is to strengthen their economics and discourage fraud and mismanagement.” - Sir Adrian Cadbury, Corporate Governance: A Framework for Implementation
  20. 20. Source: World Bank Institute Corporate Governance Investors are Willing to Pay More For a Company With Good Board Governance Practices 83 81 89 Companies are willing to pay 18 % to 28% more for better governance.
  21. 21. Dr Elijah Ezendu is Award-Winning Business Expert & Certified Management Consultant with expertise in Interim Management, Strategy, Competitive Intelligence, Transformation, Restructuring, Turnaround Management, Business Development, Marketing, Project & Cost Management, Leadership, HR, CSR, e- Business & Software Architecture. He had functioned as Founder, Initiative for Sustainable Business Equity; Chairman of Board, Charisma Broadcast Film Academy; Group Chief Operating Officer, Idova Group; CEO, Rubiini (UAE); Special Advisor, RTEAN; Director, MMNA Investments; Chair, Int’l Board of GCC Business Council (UAE); Senior Partner, Shevach Consulting; Chairman (Certification & Training), Coordinator (Board of Fellows), Lead Assessor & Governing Council Member, Institute of Management Consultants, Nigeria; Lead Resource, Centre for Competitive Intelligence Development; Lead Consultant/ Partner, JK Michaels; Turnaround Project Director, Consolidated Business Holdings Limited; Technical Director, Gestalt; Chief Operating Officer, Rohan Group; Executive Director (Various Roles), Fortuna, Gambia & Malta; Chief Advisor/ Partner, D & E; Vice Chairman of Board, Refined Shipping; Director of Programmes & Governing Council Member, Institute of Business Development, Nigeria; Member of TDD Committee, International Association of Software Architects, USA; Member of Strategic Planning and Implementation Committee, Chartered Institute of Personnel Management of Nigeria; Country Manager (Nigeria) & Adjunct Faculty (MBA Programme), Regent Business School, South Africa; Adjunct Faculty (MBA Programme), Ladoke Akintola University of Technology; Editor-in-Chief, Cost Management Journal; Council Member, Institute of Internal Auditors of Nigeria; Member, Board of Directors (Several Organizations). He holds Doctoral Degree in Management, Master of Business Administration and Fellow of Professional Institutes in North America, UK & Nigeria. He is Innovator of Corporate Investment Structure Based on Financials and Intangibles, for valuation highlighting intangible contributions of host communities and ecological environment: A model celebrated globally as remedy for unmitigated depreciation of ecological capital and developmental deprivation of host communities. He had served as Examiner to Professional Institutes and Universities. He had been a member of Guild of Soundtrack Producers of Nigeria. He's an author and extensively featured speaker.
  22. 22. Thank You