Open Access Publishing - The Journal of Medical Internet Research


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A presentation about the Journal of Medical Internet Research, a founding member of the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA) - A contribution to Open Access Week 2010!

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Open Access Publishing - The Journal of Medical Internet Research

  1. 1. Pioneering Open Access Publishing in Health Informatics<br />The Journal of Medical Internet Research (JMIR)<br />1998-2010<br />Gunther Eysenbach MD MPH<br />Gunther Eysenbach MD MPH<br />Editor/Publisher, J Med Internet<br />Associate Professor Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto;<br />Senior Scientist, Centre for Global eHealth Innovation,Division of Medical Decision Making and Health Care Research;<br />Epublishing and Open Access Research Group <br />Toronto General Research Institute of the UHN, Toronto General Hospital, Canada<br />
  2. 2. Gunther Eysenbach MD MPH<br />Editor/Publisher, <br />J Med Internet<br />Associate Professor Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto;<br />Senior Scientist, Centre for Global eHealth Innovation,Division of Medical Decision Making and Health Care Research;<br />Epublishing and Open Access Research Group <br />PI, Consumer Health Informatics & Public Health Informatics Lab<br />Toronto General Research Institute of the UHN, Toronto General Hospital, Canada<br />
  3. 3. This talk focuses on 7 Publishing Innovations of JMIR<br />First Open Access journal in health informatics / health services research (* 1999)<br />Impact, Article Level Metrics<br />XML Copyediting and Typesetting Scripts<br />WebCite: Archiving cited webpages / grey reports<br />Innovative business model<br />Open Peer-Review<br />iJMR (interactive Journal of Medical Research) - knol-based (wiki-like) peer-reviewed journal (spin-off)<br />
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  7. 7. Background: Knowledge Transfer in Health Informatics<br />Journals remain the most important KT activity<br />Traditional medical informatics journals are poorly cited and the visibility and uptake beyond a relatively small medical informatics community remains limited<br />Disruptive technology (Internet) allows for experiments with new publishing models (incl bypassing traditional publishers and leaving publishing in the hands of scientists) and new business models (OPEN ACCESS)<br />
  8. 8. Why the world needed JMIR in 1998<br />No openly accessible high-impact journals in health informatics / health service research <br />Health informatics researchers know the value of information and knowledge buried in the medical literature (often inaccessible for textmining)<br />No journal devoted to the burgeoning areas of “Internet medicine”, consumer health informatics, participatory medicine<br />Most medical informatics journals paper-based, slow review processes<br />
  9. 9. JMIR: An OA pioneer<br />1998. JMIR assembles editorial board<br />1999. First JMIR issue published<br />May 5, 1999. E-Biomed proposed by Harold Varmus <br />October 22, 1999. Sante Fe Convention (OAI) issued. <br />February 2000. PubMed Central (free full-text articles) launched <br />July 19, 2000. BioMed Central published its first free online article. <br />March 23, 2001. Open Letter launched by the Public Library of Science (PLoS) <br />February 14, 2002. Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) launched <br />October 13, 2003. The Public Library of Science launched its first open-access journal, PLoS Biology <br />October 2004. PloS Medicine launched<br />Innovation #1: Open Access<br /><br />
  10. 10.<br />JMIR is a founding member of OASPA<br />
  11. 11. Achievements<br />Now indexed in Medline, CINAHL, Information Science Abstracts, INSPEC, Communication Abstracts, The Informed Librarian Online, LISA, EMBASE, Scopus, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine (CC/CM) and Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE), PsycINFO, Google Scholar, LISTA, …<br />Impact Factor: 3.9 (2009) <br />top ranked in medical informatics category (with JAMIA) (among 21 journals)<br />and health sciences & health services research category (#2 after Health Techn Assessment review journal) (among 62 journals)<br />
  12. 12. JMIR milestones<br />1999: Launch<br />2001: NLM/Medline indexing<br />2002: Introduction of Article Processing Fee [APF] ($500)<br />Dec 2002: named Official Journal of IHCC<br />Aug 2003: named Official Journal of SIM (Society for Internet in Medicine), abandons Medical Informatics and the Internet (Taylor & Francis) as Official Journal<br />Aug 2003: Fast-Track Fee [FTF] ($150), guarantees an editorial decision within 2 weeks after submission, and publication of the article within 4 wks after acceptance.<br />Nov 2003: Use of OJS 1.0<br />2003: Institutional Membership Scheme introduced<br />Nov 2004: Major site relaunch: PDFs available, all articles available as XML <br />2005: ISI begins monitoring JMIR<br />2006: JMIR in PubMed Central<br />2007: First Impact Factor (2006) published by ISI: 2.9 (#2/20 in Medical Informatics [MI], #6/56 in Health Care Sciences & Services [HCSS])<br />2007: Upgrade to OJS 2.0<br />2007: 30k SSHRC grant for open access journals<br />2008: Impact Factor (2007): 3.0 (almost the same as the #1 JAMIA: 3.1)<br />2008: 90k SSHRC grant for 3 years<br />2008: OASPA (OA Scholarly Publishers Assoc) founded, JMIR founding member<br />2009: Impact Factor (2008): 3.6 (now ranked #1 in Med Informatics and #2 in Health Sciences & Health Services Research categories [with #1 being a review journal])<br />2010: iJMIR, eProceedings launch (spin-off journals)<br />2010: Impact Factor (2009): 3.9 <br />
  13. 13. JMIR Impact Factor<br />Top Medical Informatics Journals<br />
  14. 14. Beyond citations: Article-level metrics<br />Indicators for end-user uptake<br />Innovation #2: Article-level metrics (incl. tweets)<br />
  15. 15. Article Level Metrics<br />Top cited (top articles got >100 citations)<br />Top viewed (top articles get >1000 views per month)<br />Top tweeted (top articles get >50 tweets per month), Tweets Influence Factor<br />Top purchased (PDF purchases)<br />
  16. 16. Manuscript Management Software<br />Early adopter of Open Journal Systems (OJS) (open source manuscript management system)<br />Development work in the area of XML workflow, subscription/member administration plugins, payment modules etc. (now contributed to OJS 2.x)<br />XML typesetting scripts (now branded as Lemon8/PKP product, originally developed by the JMIR team*)<br />Unique web-based reference checking & correction workflow for copyeditor (“OrangeX”)<br />Innovation #3: Open Source ContributionsXML Workflows<br />* MJ Suhonos, Juan Alperin<br />
  17. 17. JMIR Production Workflow<br />NLM-DTD<br />compliant<br />XML<br />e.g. for PubMedCentral submissions<br />Word<br />File<br />
  18. 18. XML Typesetting Scripts Citations parser, Online Form<br />
  19. 19. WebCite®(<br />Archiving of cited Internet Resources<br />Innovation #4: Archiving System for Webpages<br />
  20. 20. In one study published in the journal Science, 13% of Internet references in scholarly articles were inactive after only 27 months. <br />Dellavalle RP, Hester EJ, Heilig LF, Drake AL, Kuntzman JW, Graber M, et al. Information science. Going, going, gone: lost Internet references. Science 2003 Oct 31;302(5646):787-788. DOI:10.1126/science.1088234<br />
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  22. 22. Innovative Business Model<br />Authors keep ©, published under Creative Commons Attribution License<br />“Author-pays” model: <br />$90 submission fee<br />Optional: Fast-track fee $450 (3 wk turnaround) <br />Article Processing Fee [APF] currently US$1900, payable on acceptance only<br />Institutional members (medical informatics departments etc.) ($900 p.a.): APF waived<br />Personal membership: Downloading PDF<br />Innovation #5: Business Model<br />
  23. 23. jmir-revenues-pie2007-recalc2.xls<br />
  24. 24. Expenses<br />Technical developer (1-2 analysts)<br />Copyeditor (formerly in-house, now freelancer pool)<br />(minimal) investment in software licenses (mostly open source), <br />memberships in publisher associations (CrossRef, ALPSP, OASPA etc.)<br />Academic Editors paid a nominal per-article honorarium beginning in 2010<br />
  25. 25. Open Peer Review @ JMIR<br />Innovation #6: Open Peer-Review<br />
  26. 26. Semantics of “Openess” in peer-review<br />Transparent: Disclosing reviewer names, perhaps even reviews<br />Participatory: Open for anybody to join, collaborative<br />
  27. 27. Open peer-review - solution for peer-review challenges<br />“After 30 years of practicing peer review and 15 years of studying it experimentally, I’m unconvinced of its value” (Richard Smith)<br />A lot of reviewers’ time is wasted (authors just submit to another journal, w/o making changes)<br />Reviewers do a poor job spotting errors (9 maj errors, each spotted by 10-50% - J R Soc Med. 2008;101: 507-14)<br />Possible future: Publish first into a moderated collection, solicit broad input, publish/index “version of record”<br />
  28. 28. iJMR on<br /><br />
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  30. 30. Conclusions<br />Open Access was clearly a success factor in making JMIR a leading scholarly journal<br />The JMIR example shows that with creativity and a lean publishing model sustainable OA is possible<br />Resource constraints and non-profit model lead to innovation<br />Small journals face uphill battles<br />
  31. 31. Future Prospects<br />JMIR has to focus on quality, not quantity, to preserve high impact factor, making publishing expensive<br />In the process becoming a multi-journal publisher (economies of scale)<br />Spin-off, “second-tier” journal(s), e.g. iJMR, to enable publication of submissions not suitable for JMIR<br />Eproceedings journal(s)<br />
  32. 32. Please cite as:Eysenbach G. 10 years experience with pioneering open access publishing in health informatics: the Journal of Medical Internet Research (JMIR).Stud Health Technol Inform. 2010;160(Pt 2):1329-3<br />(cc-by) can be freely distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License<br />
  33. 33. Thank you!<br />Dr G. Eysenbach, Email: geysenba at or,<br />My peer-reviewed Journal:<br />My Blog:<br />My Conferences:<br /><br />My Slides:<br />Funding<br />Change Foundation, Canadian Institutes for Health Research, NSERC, European Union, SSHRC<br />