Future Cloud Infrastructure  Science, orScience Fiction?   Val Bercovici Cloud & Big Data Czar        NetApp
Val Bercovici    @valb00
What I hope toaccomplish today...       &
...and avoid this.
CTO Research Themes                 Software                     Defined                          Networks
Cloud – New Infrastructure Control Point
CTO Research Themes                 Software                     Defined                          Networks
Wither POSIX? Capacity Trends(RAID  Object RAID  Erasure Coding)                S3               Swift               CDMI
CTO Research Themes                 Software                     Defined                          Networks
Wither ACID? (Big) Data Trends
CTO Research Themes                 Software                     Defined                          Networks
Wither OSI? Networking Trends                   Software                       Defined                            Networks
“Intel Watching” - Interconnects       Intel to Acquire Fulcrum Microsystems       Posted by IntelPR in News Stories on Ju...
Wither InfiniBand? Networking Trends                    2001     2010      2014      2017       Ethernet     1Gb/s    10Gb...
Future Networks? EthernetPCIMemory
CTO Research Themes                 Software                     Defined                          Networks
Performance – Storage Class Memory(SCM)
Revolution from Above, not Below 1M100K10K 1K 100  10   1                                    18
Why SCM will need new Interconnects   Assume 50ns SCM access time (DRAM speed)   PCIe, InfiniBand latency ≈ 1 μsec = 21x...
Replicated Software Transactional Memory (STM)      Host                               Networked Storage   Application    ...
SCM Roadmap Speculation  TECH            2009-2011              2012-2015                     2016-2020           128Mbit ...
Historical Contexthttp://antranik.org/using-moores-law-to-predict-future-memory-trends/
Science (Fiction?)http://www.singularity.com/charts/page70.html
IBM Watson – Circa 2010! (SCM + Fast Interconnect + Hadoop)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Watson_(computer)
Future Cloud Infrastructure
Future Cloud Infrastructure
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Future Cloud Infrastructure

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Future Cloud Infrastructure

  1. 1. Future Cloud Infrastructure Science, orScience Fiction? Val Bercovici Cloud & Big Data Czar NetApp
  2. 2. Val Bercovici @valb00
  3. 3. What I hope toaccomplish today... &
  4. 4. ...and avoid this.
  5. 5. CTO Research Themes Software Defined Networks
  6. 6. Cloud – New Infrastructure Control Point
  7. 7. CTO Research Themes Software Defined Networks
  8. 8. Wither POSIX? Capacity Trends(RAID  Object RAID  Erasure Coding) S3 Swift CDMI
  9. 9. CTO Research Themes Software Defined Networks
  10. 10. Wither ACID? (Big) Data Trends
  11. 11. CTO Research Themes Software Defined Networks
  12. 12. Wither OSI? Networking Trends Software Defined Networks
  13. 13. “Intel Watching” - Interconnects Intel to Acquire Fulcrum Microsystems Posted by IntelPR in News Stories on Jul 19, 2011 7:55:32 AM SANTA CLARA, Calif., July 19, 2011 – Intel Corporation today announced it signed a definitive agreement to acquire Fulcrum Microsystems Inc., a privately held fabless semiconductor company that designs Ethernet switch silicon for data center network providers. ―Intel is transforming from a leading server technology company to a comprehensive data center provider that offers computing, storage and networking building blocks,‖ said Kirk Skaugen, Intel vice president and general manager, Data Center Group.From EE Times: Cray sells interconnect hardware unit to IntelSylvie Barak 4/24/2012 6:34 PM EDTMOUNTAIN VIEW, Calif.--Supercomputer maker Cray Inc. has signed a definitiveagreement to sell its interconnect hardware development program and relatedintellectual property to Intel Corp. for $140 million in cash. Intel buys Infiniband unit from Qlogic for $125M Associated PressAssociated Press – Mon, Jan 23, 2012 SANTA CLARA, Calif. (AP) — Intel Corp. on Monday said it had agreed to buy Qlogic Corp.s line of Infiniband adapters, used to tie processors together into supercomputing clusters, for $125 million. Intel said the acquisition would help it reach the goal of supplying computers that can perform one exaflop, or a quintillion calculations, per second. The Santa Clara, Calif.-based company expects a "significant number" of Qlogic employees to accept offers to join Intel. NetApp Confidential - Internal Use Only 13
  14. 14. Wither InfiniBand? Networking Trends 2001 2010 2014 2017 Ethernet 1Gb/s 10Gb/s 40Gb/s 100Gb/s Infiniband 10Gb/s 40Gb/s 104Gb/s ?? 10x 4x 2.5x
  15. 15. Future Networks? EthernetPCIMemory
  16. 16. CTO Research Themes Software Defined Networks
  17. 17. Performance – Storage Class Memory(SCM)
  18. 18. Revolution from Above, not Below 1M100K10K 1K 100 10 1 18
  19. 19. Why SCM will need new Interconnects Assume 50ns SCM access time (DRAM speed) PCIe, InfiniBand latency ≈ 1 μsec = 21x latency Read syscall, file in RAM ≈ 260 nsec = 6x latency Speed of light in optical fiber ≈ .65 ft / nsec 5 ft = 15nsec = 1.3x latency 10 ft = 30nsec = 1.6x penalty + 40 ft = 120nsec = 3.4x penalty + 5’ server storage rack appliance 20
  20. 20. Replicated Software Transactional Memory (STM) Host Networked Storage Application Replication of transaction log STM library for reliability and D/R transaction manager transaction log transactional processed into memory streaming protocol efficient DRAM/SCM snapshot storagehypervisor/kernel 21
  21. 21. SCM Roadmap Speculation TECH 2009-2011 2012-2015 2016-2020 128Mbit 90nm (Omneo) 1Gbit 45nm (Bonelli) 8Gbit 20nm (ISSCC „11) Hynix/IBM 40nm 1GbitPCM 512Mbit 65nm (in mobile handsets) 180nm Evaluator Kit in 2012ReRAM Mass-production in 2013/14 30nm 1Gbit in 2013/14 130nm SRAM replacement 4Gbit chip with LPDDR2 i/f in ‟16 16Mbit 130nm MRAM (SRAM replacement)STT-MRAM Expected to compete with DRAM/Flash 22
  22. 22. Historical Contexthttp://antranik.org/using-moores-law-to-predict-future-memory-trends/
  23. 23. Science (Fiction?)http://www.singularity.com/charts/page70.html
  24. 24. IBM Watson – Circa 2010! (SCM + Fast Interconnect + Hadoop)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Watson_(computer)

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