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  1. 1. essayAn essay is a piece of writing which is often written from an authors personal point of view. Essays can consist of anumber of elements, including: literary criticism, politicalmanifestos, learned arguments, observations of daily life,recollections, and reflections of the author. The definition of an essay is vague, overlapping with those of an article anda short story. Almost all modern essays are written inprose, but works in verse have been dubbed essays (e.g.AlexanderPopes An Essay on Criticism and An Essay on Man). While brevity usually defines an essay, voluminous works like JohnLockes An Essay Concerning Human Understanding and Thomas Malthuss An Essay on the Principle of Population arecounterexamples.In some countries (e.g., in the United States), essays have become a major part of formal education. Secondary studentsare taught structured essay formats to improve their writing skills, and admission essays are often used byuniversities inselecting applicants and, in the humanities and social sciences, as a way of assessing the performance of students duringfinal exams. The concept of an "essay" has been extended to other mediums beyond writing. A film essay is a movie thatoften incorporates documentary film making styles and which focuses more on the evolution of a theme or an idea.A photographic essay is an attempt to cover a topic with a linked series of photographs; it may or may not have anaccompanying text or captions.Parts of an essayIntroductory Paragraph:The introductory paragraph is the first paragraph of your essay. It brings in the main ideaof your essay. A good opening paragraph captures the interest of your reader and notifywhy your topic is important.Supporting Paragraphs:The supporting paragraphs are the main body of your essay. In these paragraphs youdiscuss your main idea. You should list the points that develop the main idea of youressay. Each supporting point should be placed in seperate paragraph with its supportingsentences and those sentences should based on facts, details and examples.Summary Paragraph:The final part of your essay is the summary paragraph which comes at the end of theessay. You explain all the ideas in the supporting paragraph and make a conclusion ofsupporting paragraphs in the summary paragraph. By reading only the summaryparagraph reader should understand the whole idea of your essay.
  2. 2. Importance of an essay? Thinking Outside the Box• An essay challenges your awareness of the world and invites you to learn about new things, entertain alternative viewpoints, and explore differences and similarities you might previously have taken for granted. Developing Research Skills• To write a solid essay, you not only need to know where to go for information--be it a library, a website or a human expert--but also how to interpret the material and identify which portions of it are relevant to the thesis youre advancing. Managing Your Time• An essay thats thrown together the night before its due isnt going to be as good as one thats written over the course of several days, weeks or months. Essay writing teaches you how to create time lines and deadlines for collecting research, organizing notes and doing the actual writing. Developing Writing Skills• Composing an essay requires you to not only get your points and opinions across in a creative, clear and concise way but also to pay sharp attention to spelling, grammar, punctuation, vocabulary, syntax and structure. Honing Analytical Skills• Essays are an exercise in assessing data, making informed choices and defending conclusions--all of which are used on a daily basis in the business world. In addition, essays often explore hypothetical scenarios that encourage creative thinking and problem solving. Demonstrating Knowledge• An essay reflects how well you know the subject matter as well as how passionate you are about persuading readers to accept--or at least respect--your unique point of view.
  3. 3. Name at least 3 essayistExample of an ESSAYHere is a sample of a descriptive essay about an owl:"Like his twisted feathers, his many scars, the reliable old owl chosethe gnarled, weather-beaten, but solid branch often—it being acompanion to the wise alone with the night and the last branch tocreak in the heaviest wind. He often came to survey the fields and theclouds before his hunt, to listen to the steady sound of the streampassing through reeds under the bridge, while combing his feathers forthe unwanted—whatever they might be."This is an excerpt from an exposition essay:This family was a victim of a problem they could have avoided-aproblem that, according to Florida park rangers, hundreds of visitorssuffer each year."Several times a month," ranger Rod Torres of OLenoState Park said, "people get scared and leave the park in the middle ofthe night." Those people picked the wrong kind of park to visit. Notthat there was anything wrong with the park: The hikers camped nextto them loved the wild isolation of it. But it just wasnt the kind ofplace the couple from New Jersey had in mind when they decided tocamp out on this trip through Florida."Finally, here is part of an argumentative essay about gun control:"Gun control has been a controversial issue for years. A vast majorityof citizens believe that if gun control is strictly enforced it wouldquickly reduce the threat of crime. Many innocent people feel theyhave the right to bear arms for protection, or even for the pleasure ofhunting. These people are penalized for protecting their lives, or evenfor enjoying a common, innocent sport. To enforce gun controlthroughout the nation means violating a person’s Constitutional rights.Although some people feel that the issue of gun control will limit crime,the issue should not exist due to the fact that guns are necessary forself defense against crime, and by enforcing gun control is violating acitizen’s second amendment right to bear arms."