USA Drought 2012 Factors Affecting Adjustments and Responses

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"Examine the factors that affected the choice of adjustments before, and responses to, actual hazard events or disasters"

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USA Drought 2012 Factors Affecting Adjustments and Responses

  1. 1. USA Drought2012Wakako Kobayashi,Tae Eun Kim, andDaniel Um
  2. 2. Introduction
  3. 3. Introduction
  4. 4. Population Pyramid
  5. 5. Adjustments Before
  6. 6. Attitudes•  Do Nothing and Accept•  Adjust•  Leave
  7. 7. FactorsWater UseStoring/MovingLivestock/CropsSociety Economy Environment Wellbeing
  8. 8. Water Use•  Water Recycling•  Water Saving Appliances•  Water Saving Initiatives
  9. 9. Texas•  Houston implemented a comprehensive conservationprogram that included an education program,plumbing retrofits, audits, leak detection, andconservation planning.
  10. 10. Storing and Moving•  Dams•  Groundwater/Wells•  Canals/Pipelines•  Desalination
  11. 11. Las Vegas•  Lake Mead was created to provide water forLas Vegas
  12. 12. Livestock/Crops•  Xeriscaping•  Decrease livestocko  (Animals dont eat to the roots)
  13. 13. USA Crop Switching Initiative•  As a response to the drought in California,many USA states switching to organic localcrops to reduce soil degradationo  Reduced soil degradation means slowerinfiltration, which means the soil can hold in morewater and needs less.
  14. 14. Responses to US Drought
  15. 15. FactorsRescueRehabilitationReconstructionEnvironment Social Wellbeing Economy
  16. 16. Rescue (Short-term response)•  Allow access tofederally backedemergencyassistance programs•  Federal cropinsurance programPolitical and EconomicFactors
  17. 17. Rehabilitation (Mid-term response)•  Adjust irrigation and agricultural practices•  Emergency Conservation Program helped farmers/ranchersSocial and Economic Factors
  18. 18. Reconstruction (Long-termresponse)•  Adjustments tostructures•  Federal waterresource facilities(dams, reservoirs,locks, etc.)•  Instituted waterbanksEconomic Factors
  19. 19. Conclusion
  20. 20. Bibliographyhttp://droughtmonitor.unl.edu/http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/droughthttp://www.redcross.org/prepare/disaster/droughthttp://drought.unl.edu/DroughtBasics/TypesofDrought.aspxhttp://environment.about.com/od/environmentalevents/a/whatisdrought.htmhttp://eden.lsu.edu/Topics/hazards/Drought/Pages/default.aspxhttp://www.dsc.nrsc.gov.in/DSC/Drought/index.jsp?include1=homelink2_b1.jsp&&include2=homelink2_b2.jsphttp://threeissues.sdsu.edu/three_issues_droughtfacts01.htmlhttp://www.odpem.org.jm/DisastersDoHappen/TypesofHazardsDisasters/Droughts/LearnMoreAboutDrought/tabid/286/Default.aspx

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