Japan earthquakes 2011

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Japan earthquakes 2011

  1. 1. BY: Louie, Toshi, Toni<br />Japan earthquake 2011<br />
  2. 2. Demographic factors<br />Size of vulnerable population<br />he most vulnerable populations—small children, the aged, the poor, and pets—suffered disproportionately because of the difficulty in evacuating or reaching them, largely due to impassable roads, evacuations and housing centers where pets were prohibited, and a general reluctance by elderly populations to abandon their homes.<br />0-14 years: 13.1% (male 8,521,571/female 8,076,173)<br />15-64 years: 64% (male 40,815,840/female 40,128,235)<br />65 years and over: 22.9% (male 12,275,829/female 16,658,016) (2011 est.)<br />http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2011/05/the-great-eastern-japan-earthquake-assessing-disaster-response-and-lessons-for-the-us<br />https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ja.html<br />
  3. 3. Demographic factors<br />Population density<br />Japan total population: 127,463,611<br />Land area (sq ml): 152,411<br />Density per sq ml: 836<br />Due to the small land mass it’s and high population population density s high<br />The population is in risk of earthquakes <br />
  4. 4. Socio- economic factors<br />Countries level of develpoment<br />GDP (2009, US $) 5.07 Trillion<br />Shows that japan overall is wealthy<br />Better condition to deal with hazards<br />GDP per capita (2009 US $) 39,738<br />On average individual wealth is also high<br />Public education<br />Literacy rates (2009) 99.0%<br />
  5. 5. Recent Hazards<br />Severe storms in japan December 2008<br />November 2006 japan’sdealiest tornado<br />Japan heat wave July 2004<br />October 2004 japan typhoons<br />
  6. 6. Early warning system<br />Provides announcements of the estimated seismic intensities and expected arrival time of principal motion. It’s aimed at mitigating earthquake-related damage by allowing countermeasures such as promptly slowing down trains etc. Also allowing people to quickly protect themselves in various environments such as factories, offices, houses and near cliffs.<br />
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  8. 8. Building codes<br />Very strict buildings codes. Extra steel bracing, giant rubber pads and embedded hydraulic shock absorbers make Japanese buildings among the sturdiest in the worlds. <br />http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2011/03/12/earlyshow/saturday/main20042459.shtml<br />http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/12/world/asia/12codes.html?pagewanted=all<br />
  9. 9. Governance <br />Naoto Kan elected as finance minister then appointed as prime minister. Warnings about nuclear melt down in 2008<br />http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/wikileaks/8384059/Japan-earthquake-Japan-warned-over-nuclear-plants-WikiLeaks-cables-show.html<br />
  10. 10. Effective lines of communication and Emergency personnel <br />Early warning system announces earthquakes for better preparedness. Radio warnings about the incoming hazards<br />Members of Boksburg Ekurhuleni emergency serves joined a team of emergency personnel to assist in japan. Rescue SA consisting of a team of 50 members <br />http://www.looklocal.co.za/looklocal/content/en/boksburg/boksburg-news-general?oid=4111555&sn=Detail&pid=4111055&Local-emergency-personnel-to-help-in-Japan<br />Locals also helped in the assistance in japan during the hazard<br />
  11. 11. Insurance cover <br />Government-funded earthquake insurance system. Only 14 to 17 percent of Japanese homes have private earthquake insurances. The Japanese system also puts a cap on the total claims paid out by both the government and private insurers. If total claims top roughly $60 billion, payouts are pro-rated — meaning that  homeowners and businesses would have to settle for a partial coverage of their losses.<br />http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/42095196/ns/business-world_business/t/insurance-industry-well-shielded-japan-quake/#.TkxZ_r-qxcc<br />

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