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Development in the Philippines


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Development in the Philippines

  1. 1. Issues in LEDC: Philippines Sung Min Kim
  2. 2. Access to basic needs and resources <ul><li>Shelter </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid urbanization – urban poor less access to decent shelter. </li></ul><ul><li>The urban poor lack access to appropriate housing, affordable, tenured, serviced land, shelter financing, targeted and sustainable subsidies and ability to provide their shelter. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Rank second lowest among Southeast Asian countries with fresh water availability. </li></ul><ul><li>Water pollution, climate change, and inadequate management of water resources are expected to worsen the problem of clean water availability and access. Greenpeace cited that: </li></ul><ul><li>the quality of fresh water sources is steadily declining while the costs of obtaining clean water is rising </li></ul><ul><li>79% of the rural population has access to safe drinking water. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>paddy prices have increased by 50 per cent and consumer prices for rice by 20-30 per cent. </li></ul><ul><li>households cut down the quantity and quality of food, or number of meals. </li></ul><ul><li>In the Visayas region, farmers now survive on root crops and are selling their livestock to put food on the table. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The unequal distribution of wealth at the national scale <ul><li>The countryside contained a disproportionate share of the poor. </li></ul><ul><li>10% of the Philippine population owned 90% of wealth </li></ul><ul><li>More than 80% of the poorest 30% of families in the Philippines lived in rural areas in the mid 1980s. The majority were tenant farmers or landless agricultural workers. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2006, the richest 10% of families earned more than the poorest 70% of families combined </li></ul><ul><li>10 richest families earned as much as the poorest nine million families </li></ul>
  6. 7. Trade, aid and indebtedness <ul><li>In its foreign policy, the Philippines cultivate constructive relations with its Asian neighbors, with whom it is linked through ASEAN , the ASEAN Regional Forum ( ARF ), and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation ( APEC ) forum. </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>As of February 2006, the national government’s total indebtedness was 3.96 trillion pesos – 2.17 trillion pesos in domestic debt and 1.79 trillion pesos in foreign debt. </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Major exports: </li></ul><ul><li>Semiconductors </li></ul><ul><li>Wheat </li></ul><ul><li>Measuring, testing & control instruments </li></ul><ul><li>Telecommunications equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Electric apparatus </li></ul><ul><li>Major imports: </li></ul><ul><li>Other commercial vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Civilian aircraft </li></ul><ul><li>Military vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Unmanufactured agricultural items </li></ul><ul><li>Cookware, cutlery & tools </li></ul>
  9. 10. environmental quality <ul><li>50 of the 421 rivers can be considered &quot;biologically dead&quot; due to pollution. </li></ul><ul><li>1990 ~ 2005 the Philippines lost a third of its forest cover. </li></ul><ul><li>current deforestation rate is around 2 percent per year </li></ul><ul><li>1920s and 1990s, lost 70% of its mangrove area. About 50% of its coral reefs are rated dead or dying as a result of pollution and dynamiting by fishermen. </li></ul><ul><li>vulnerable to typhoons, earthquakes, floods, and volcanic activity. </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Environmental issues: </li></ul><ul><li>uncontrolled deforestation especially in watershed areas </li></ul><ul><li>soil erosion </li></ul><ul><li>air and water pollution in major urban centers </li></ul><ul><li>coral reef degradation </li></ul><ul><li>increasing pollution of coastal mangrove swamps that are important fish breeding grounds </li></ul>