Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Development in the Philippines

737 views

Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

Development in the Philippines

  1. 1. Issues in LEDC: Philippines Sung Min Kim
  2. 2. Access to basic needs and resources <ul><li>Shelter </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid urbanization – urban poor less access to decent shelter. </li></ul><ul><li>The urban poor lack access to appropriate housing, affordable, tenured, serviced land, shelter financing, targeted and sustainable subsidies and ability to provide their shelter. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Rank second lowest among Southeast Asian countries with fresh water availability. </li></ul><ul><li>Water pollution, climate change, and inadequate management of water resources are expected to worsen the problem of clean water availability and access. Greenpeace cited that: </li></ul><ul><li>the quality of fresh water sources is steadily declining while the costs of obtaining clean water is rising </li></ul><ul><li>79% of the rural population has access to safe drinking water. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>paddy prices have increased by 50 per cent and consumer prices for rice by 20-30 per cent. </li></ul><ul><li>households cut down the quantity and quality of food, or number of meals. </li></ul><ul><li>In the Visayas region, farmers now survive on root crops and are selling their livestock to put food on the table. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The unequal distribution of wealth at the national scale <ul><li>The countryside contained a disproportionate share of the poor. </li></ul><ul><li>10% of the Philippine population owned 90% of wealth </li></ul><ul><li>More than 80% of the poorest 30% of families in the Philippines lived in rural areas in the mid 1980s. The majority were tenant farmers or landless agricultural workers. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2006, the richest 10% of families earned more than the poorest 70% of families combined </li></ul><ul><li>10 richest families earned as much as the poorest nine million families </li></ul>
  6. 7. Trade, aid and indebtedness <ul><li>In its foreign policy, the Philippines cultivate constructive relations with its Asian neighbors, with whom it is linked through ASEAN , the ASEAN Regional Forum ( ARF ), and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation ( APEC ) forum. </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>As of February 2006, the national government’s total indebtedness was 3.96 trillion pesos – 2.17 trillion pesos in domestic debt and 1.79 trillion pesos in foreign debt. </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Major exports: </li></ul><ul><li>Semiconductors </li></ul><ul><li>Wheat </li></ul><ul><li>Measuring, testing & control instruments </li></ul><ul><li>Telecommunications equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Electric apparatus </li></ul><ul><li>Major imports: </li></ul><ul><li>Other commercial vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Civilian aircraft </li></ul><ul><li>Military vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Unmanufactured agricultural items </li></ul><ul><li>Cookware, cutlery & tools </li></ul>
  9. 10. environmental quality <ul><li>50 of the 421 rivers can be considered &quot;biologically dead&quot; due to pollution. </li></ul><ul><li>1990 ~ 2005 the Philippines lost a third of its forest cover. </li></ul><ul><li>current deforestation rate is around 2 percent per year </li></ul><ul><li>1920s and 1990s, lost 70% of its mangrove area. About 50% of its coral reefs are rated dead or dying as a result of pollution and dynamiting by fishermen. </li></ul><ul><li>vulnerable to typhoons, earthquakes, floods, and volcanic activity. </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Environmental issues: </li></ul><ul><li>uncontrolled deforestation especially in watershed areas </li></ul><ul><li>soil erosion </li></ul><ul><li>air and water pollution in major urban centers </li></ul><ul><li>coral reef degradation </li></ul><ul><li>increasing pollution of coastal mangrove swamps that are important fish breeding grounds </li></ul>

×