The Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster occurred in 1986 in Ukraine when scientists lost control of the nuclear reactor. This resulted in an explosion of contaminated nuclear dust which formed a cloud that settled over much of Eastern Europe. The radiation continued to spread around the reactor as well, spreading radiation at deadly levels. This disaster is a very rare occurrence, which had widespread and long-lasting effects. It was an extremely fast spreading disaster, as it diffused over a majority of Europe in a short period of time. This is, of course, a very random disaster and it is very hard to predict things like this.
The Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill of 2010 was another human induced disaster. Oil spills are not very common, but they do happen, especially if, like in the case of the Deepwater Horizon, they are drilling farther out to sea and deeper, in higher pressures than the equipment could handle. The oil spread throughout the Gulf of Mexico and the oil formed a thin coat on the surface of the water, which is very hard to remove. This led to its widespread and long-lasting effects. The well-head that was leaking oil was not capped until months after the explosion, so it was gushing millions of barrels of crude oil into the Gulf of Mexico, and allowed it to diffuse around the area for a long time. Oil spills are hard to predict as well, as equipment malfunctions are hard to predict.
In comparison, Chernobyl was a faster occurring disaster which had longer-term effects on a larger area than The Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill. The only way which the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill was worse, is because it was more expected, obviously, because they were pushing their equipment to the limit. Also, there are many more offshore drilling rigs than nuclear reactors, which makes oil spills statistically more likely than nuclear explosions.
Socioeconomic Variations in Vulnerability for Chernobyl Wealth Education Health Gender Housing
Chernobyl disaster & gulf of mexico
Comparing and Contrasting Vulnerabilities: Gulf of Mexico & Chernobyl DisasterBy: Sarah Jachim, Jose Olivera, Alex McCorkle, Sheena Jaggi, Linh Nguyen
Characterization of the hazard events usingeach of the criteria of characterizationChernobyl Nuclear Disaster:
Characterization of the hazard events usingeach of the criteria of characterizationGulf of Mexico Oil Spill:
Characterization of the hazard events usingeach of the criteria of characterizationChernobyl vs Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill:
Socioeconomic variations in vulnerabilityfor Chernobyl (Linh) Education Health Wealth Socioeconomic Variations Gender Housing
Socioeconomic variations in vulnerabilityfor Gulf of Mexico disaster (Linh) Education Wealth Health Socioeconomic Variations Housing Gender
Demographic variations in vulnerability forChernobyl- High Population of older people.- Working age people left the region and therefore more elder people.- Less working people - hard to recover economically.- Increase in thyroid cancer among children due to iodine 131 inhaled or eaten.-After 10 years, 500 cases were reported. Before 1986 - only 2 occurred per year.
Demographic Variations in vulnerability forGulf of Mexico Oil Spill- Oil Dispersant used to clean water - causing illness and death.-Chemicals from dispersant - toxic substances making people sick.- It caused poisoning from poly-aromatic hydrocarbons. (PAHs).-Suffer through eye and nose irritation, blood in urine, vomiting etc. -Again, older people will be more vulnerable to these diseases since they are older and have a weaker immune system.- People died from swimming in the water.
Ethnic variations in vulnerability forChernobyl (Alex)Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Turkey, Greece, Moldova, Romania, Bulgaria, Lithuania, Finland, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Austria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Poland, Estonia, Switzerland, Germany, Italy, Ireland, France and Corsica, the UK and Canada.Affected 27 countries, mostly in Western Europe.
Ethnic variations in vulnerability for Gulf ofMexico disaster (Alex)Affected the U.S., Florida and Louisiana, Cuba and Mexico.People located near the coast of the affected areas were the most affected due to their land being covered in oil.
Overall evaluation of the level ofvulnerability for both case studies (Jose)• The vulnerability for both the USA and the USSR were high.• However, the USA has a lower vulnerability since there were proven and tested methods of containing oil spills.• The oil spill was also more environmental rather than causing direct death.• The USSR on the other hand, had experienced something never before witnessed.• The nuclear meltdown has affected a greater area and had the potential to wipe out half of Europe.
...ContinuationIn the USA, they were adapting to the change. Rather than moving out, they stayed and employed the use of technology to clean up the oil spill.The USSR was largely fatalistic. Most of the people chose to stay there citing the reason that they could not see the problem.
PracticesUSA:• Used methods such as chemical dispersants (Corexit - highly toxic)• Microbes (both natural and manmade) ate the oil and contributed to the boom of plankton.• Use of booms to prevent extensive damage to beaches and siphoned off oil through tankers.USSR:• The top down government didnt inform the population of Chernobyl• Sacrificed human life in order to clean up the reactor• Evacuated the town of Chernobyl
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