Ethiopia Population: 67 million 84% live in rural areas Half live on less than $1 a day 80% rely on agriculture for their livelihood
Famine in Ethiopia The Ethiopian government- 250,000 people need food aid An aid organization and agricultural officials- # of people who need emergency food aid in Ethiopia is around 700,000. many Ethiopians are chronically hungry. due to political, economic and environmental reasons.
Long-term many of the poor had depleted their assets to deal with the famine Became even more vulnerable to future crises.
Decrease in economy Malnutrition -> sickness not being able to work Most Ethiopians employed in agriculture Lead to more famine due to shortage of food + farmers Ethiopia’s farming techniques are already poor
WHY FOOD AID? To relieve short-term effects of famine It’s an immediate solution If food was always provided for them they’d become too dependent on it. Bad for local economy Price of food products would decrease Local economy will be benefited short-term but would long term suffer
WHY FAIR TRADE? Will initiate a stable income for the country It’s a medium-term solution, where it last longer than FOOD AID. All the economy to be helped but leaves the economy to shape up on their own.
WHY FREE TRADE? Enable country to fully expand into the international market. Long-term but difficult solution (best solution) Not a dependent source of income. Almost impossible for this to help them rise to the levels of USA or Japan Unlikely solution, in a way that the results are hard to achieve.
Short-Term Impacts UN’s World Food Program – food aid - "Eighty-five percent of our food aid is emergency food aid, and only 15% is going to address chronic hunger among malnourished children.” Terri Raney (Author of the FAO’s State) – food aid • "We think that it ought to be separated from the tie-in requirements many donor nations put on their food aid.“ • Requirements Include: the food had to be purchased and processed in the donor nation then shipped on vessels registered in the donor nation. • "These kinds of things not only reduce thePicture of WFO from efficiency of the food aid, but they are veryunmultimedia.org costly“
Mid & Long-term ImpactsTerri Raney (Author of the FAO’s State) – food aid "It is very clear that food aid saves lives…Our concern, though, is that in some cases, physical distribution of food aid can undermine longer term security.” "Some of the ways food aid is managed reduce the efficiency of the timing and targeting.”Increased Cost of Sustainable Production – fair trade Recent increase in transportation and food costs have dramatically effected all small farmersEnvironmental damage – free trade The increase of corporate farms in developing Picture of FAO from fao.org countries increase pesticide and energy use, and host countries ignore costly environmental standards.
Conclusion IF WE CAN FIX THESE CONS, THEN THE PLAN COULD BE EFFECTIVE. HOWEVER, WITH THE GIVEN SITUATIONS, THEPLAN WOULD NOT LET THE COUNTRY IMPROVE.