Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Addressing Imbalances:Ethiopian Silent Famine (2009)    SHELLY KIM, SEO-YEON CHOI,          JOEY LIMMENA
Ethiopia Population: 67 million 84% live in rural areas Half live on less than $1 a day 80% rely on agriculture for th...
Famine in Ethiopia The Ethiopian government- 250,000 people need  food aid An aid organization and agricultural official...
Long-term many of the poor had depleted their assets to deal with the famine    Became even more vulnerable to future cr...
 Decrease in economy   Malnutrition -> sickness   not being able to work Most Ethiopians  employed in agriculture    ...
WHY FOOD AID? To relieve short-term effects of famine It’s an immediate solution If food was always provided for them ...
WHY FAIR TRADE? Will initiate a stable income for the country It’s a medium-term solution, where it last longer than FOO...
WHY FREE TRADE? Enable country to fully expand into the international market. Long-term but difficult solution (best sol...
Evaluation
Short-Term Impacts                      UN’s World Food Program – food aid                        - "Eighty-five percent o...
Mid & Long-term ImpactsTerri Raney (Author of the FAO’s State) – food aid "It is very clear that food aid saves lives…Our...
Conclusion  IF WE CAN FIX THESE  CONS, THEN THE PLAN  COULD BE EFFECTIVE.  HOWEVER, WITH THE GIVEN SITUATIONS, THEPLAN WOU...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Addressing Food Imbalances in Ethiopia

1,465 views

Published on

A presentation by students evaluating the role of food aid, free trade and fair trade in addressing the imbalances of food provision caused by Ethiopia's Silent Famine of 2009-10

Published in: Education, Business, Spiritual
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Addressing Food Imbalances in Ethiopia

  1. 1. Addressing Imbalances:Ethiopian Silent Famine (2009) SHELLY KIM, SEO-YEON CHOI, JOEY LIMMENA
  2. 2. Ethiopia Population: 67 million 84% live in rural areas Half live on less than $1 a day 80% rely on agriculture for their livelihood
  3. 3. Famine in Ethiopia The Ethiopian government- 250,000 people need food aid An aid organization and agricultural officials- # of people who need emergency food aid in Ethiopia is around 700,000. many Ethiopians are chronically hungry. due to political, economic and environmental reasons.
  4. 4. Long-term many of the poor had depleted their assets to deal with the famine  Became even more vulnerable to future crises.
  5. 5.  Decrease in economy  Malnutrition -> sickness  not being able to work Most Ethiopians employed in agriculture  Lead to more famine due to shortage of food + farmers Ethiopia’s farming techniques are already poor
  6. 6. WHY FOOD AID? To relieve short-term effects of famine It’s an immediate solution If food was always provided for them they’d become too dependent on it. Bad for local economy  Price of food products would decrease  Local economy will be benefited short-term but would long term suffer
  7. 7. WHY FAIR TRADE? Will initiate a stable income for the country It’s a medium-term solution, where it last longer than FOOD AID. All the economy to be helped but leaves the economy to shape up on their own.
  8. 8. WHY FREE TRADE? Enable country to fully expand into the international market. Long-term but difficult solution (best solution) Not a dependent source of income. Almost impossible for this to help them rise to the levels of USA or Japan Unlikely solution, in a way that the results are hard to achieve.
  9. 9. Evaluation
  10. 10. Short-Term Impacts UN’s World Food Program – food aid - "Eighty-five percent of our food aid is emergency food aid, and only 15% is going to address chronic hunger among malnourished children.” Terri Raney (Author of the FAO’s State) – food aid • "We think that it ought to be separated from the tie-in requirements many donor nations put on their food aid.“ • Requirements Include:  the food had to be purchased and processed in the donor nation  then shipped on vessels registered in the donor nation. • "These kinds of things not only reduce thePicture of WFO from efficiency of the food aid, but they are veryunmultimedia.org costly“
  11. 11. Mid & Long-term ImpactsTerri Raney (Author of the FAO’s State) – food aid "It is very clear that food aid saves lives…Our concern, though, is that in some cases, physical distribution of food aid can undermine longer term security.” "Some of the ways food aid is managed reduce the efficiency of the timing and targeting.”Increased Cost of Sustainable Production – fair trade Recent increase in transportation and food costs have dramatically effected all small farmersEnvironmental damage – free trade The increase of corporate farms in developing Picture of FAO from fao.org countries increase pesticide and energy use, and host countries ignore costly environmental standards.
  12. 12. Conclusion IF WE CAN FIX THESE CONS, THEN THE PLAN COULD BE EFFECTIVE. HOWEVER, WITH THE GIVEN SITUATIONS, THEPLAN WOULD NOT LET THE COUNTRY IMPROVE.

×