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Philippine physician licensure exam primer


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basic info on philippine physician licensure examination / board examination

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Philippine physician licensure exam primer

  1. 1. PHILIPPINE PHYSICIAN LICENSURE EXAMINATION (PLE) A Primer for Serviam By Exequiel Dimaano, MD WVSU COM Class 2013
  2. 2. Steps to Skinning the PLE Alive! Step 1 Know Your Enemy PRC List 12 Subjects Style of Questions Scoring Testing Centers USMLE Reviewers Local Reviewers and Samplex Step 2 Arm Yourself Step 3 Find a Sparring Review Partner Center or Test Taking not? Review Centers Step 4 Skinning the Enemy
  3. 3. Step 1 Know Your Enemy 12 Subjects Style of Questions Scoring Testing Centers
  4. 4. 12 Subjects to Success  6 Basic Sciences – Days 1 & 2  6 Clinical Sciences – Days 3 & 4  100 Questions each  Select the Best or Except Time Day 1 Day 2 Day 3 630am Filling up of Forms 8am to 10am Biochemistry Physiology Pharmacology Pediatrics and Nutrition 10am to 11am Break 11am to 1pm Anatomy and Histology Legal Medicine and Jurisprudence Internal Medicine Obstetrics and Gynecology 1pm to 2pm Break 2pm to 4pm Microbiology and Parasitology Pathology Surgery Preventive Medicine and Public Health
  5. 5. Step 1 Know Your Enemy Style of Questions Scoring Testing Centers 12 Subjects
  6. 6. The Process of Making Board Exam Questions Members of Board of Medicine divides the 12 subjects among themselves Each submit thousands of questions to a computer Computer randomly picks 100 questions per subject Members of Board of Medicine “incarcerated” in a room in the PRC Building during the exams NBI and Police guards them Computer randomly picks 100 questions per subject
  7. 7. The Tricky Part  Hoarseness in post-thyroidectomy is caused by the transection of the recurrent laryngeal nerve most commonly on ligating the:  A) superior thyroid artery  B) inferior thyroid artery  C) tracheal artery  D) superior laryngeal artery
  8. 8. The Tricky Part  SLE is a multisystemic disease diagnosed via detection of anti-ANA, anti-dsDNA, anti-Smith. It affects the skin, the kidneys and vessels. The autoantibodies produced is caused by:  A) antigen-trapping in sun-damaged skin  B) polyclonal antibodies produced by B cells  C) antibody-trapping in sun-damaged skin  D) cross-reaction of antibodies to self antigens
  9. 9. The Tricky Part  Niacin is as an important micronutrient needed in the different metabolic pathways of the body with the vital characteristic involving:  A) localized pigmented rash (dermatitis); gastroenteritis (diarrhea); and widespread neurologic deficits, including cognitive decline (dementia)  B) it forms the nicotinamide ring in NAD and NADH  C) if left untreated, its deficiency leads to death  D) its deficiency leads to pellagra, characterized by dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea
  10. 10. Step 1 Know Your Enemy Style of Questions Scoring Testing Centers 12 Subjects
  11. 11. Mean Passing Level: What is it?  Optical Mark Reader (OMR) Technology  Passing Criteria: Average of at least 75, with no grade < 50  3 Ways of Measuring MPL  Nedelsky Method  Reciprocal of the number of items that cannot easily be removed  1 / 2 = 0.5  MPL = 0.5  Angoff’s Method  Assign a value from 0.25 - 1.00  Probability of borderline examinee getting the correct answer  MPL is equal to this value
  12. 12. Mean Passing Level: What is it?  Ebel’s Method  Transmutation Type No. of Questions Rating TOTAL Recall Easy 40 0.9 36 Medium 20 0.85 17 Difficult 10 0.80 8 Analysis Easy 20 0.70 14 Medium 5 0.60 3 Difficult 5 0.50 2.5 MPL 80.5 [(SS-MPL) (100-PS)/(100-MPL)] + PS = TS SS= Student Score PS = Passing Score (PLE = 75) TS = Transmuted Score (the score that is reported to you) MPL = Mean Passing Level
  13. 13. Step 1 Know Your Enemy Style of Questions Testing Centers 12 Subjects Scoring
  14. 14. Homecourt Advantage?  4 Accredited Areas: Manila, Cebu, Davao, Iloilo  Aug 2014:  Total Takers –2,730  Manila – 2,400+  Cebu - ~130  Davao - ~130  Consider:  Review Centers  Cost – Board and Lodging  Traffic  Rainy Season  Sites to see/unwind
  15. 15. Step 2 Arm Yourself PRC List USMLE Reviewers Local Reviewers and Samplex
  16. 16. Recommended by PRC  Biochemistry  Harper’s Biochemistry (Murray, Granner, Mayes and Rodwell)  Biochemistry (Mckee and Mckee)  Biochemistry (Mathews and VanHolde)  Anatomy and Histology  Clemente, C.D. Edition; Anatomy, A. Regional Atlas of the Human Body, 4th Edition, Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia 1977.  Snell, R.S.; Clinical Anatomy for Medical Students, 5th Edition, Little Brown and Company, Boston 1995  Cormack, D.H.L. Clinical Integrated Histology, Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia 1977
  17. 17. Recommended by PRC  Microbiology and Parasitology  Zinzzer Microbiology, Current Edition  Beaver Clinical Parasitology, current Edition  Jawetz Medical Microbiology, current Edition  Physiology  Textbook of Medical Physiology by Guyton Lamb, Ingram Johnson and Pitman:  Essentials of Physiology  Review of medical Physiology by William F. Ganong  Human Physiology and Mechanism of Disease by Arthur C. Guyton and John E. Hall  Legal Medicine  Legal Medicine by Pedro Solis, MD, LlB.  Medical Jurisprudence (The Practice of Medicine and the Law) by Pedro Solis, MD, LlB.
  18. 18. Recommended by PRC  Pathology  Cotran, R.S., Kumar, V. & Collins, T: Robbins Pathologic Basis of Disease; 6th Edition; W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia 1999.  Danjanor, I. And Linden, J.: Anderson’s Pathology, 10th Edition, Volume 1 and 2, Mosby, Boston 1996.  Pharmacology  Goodman & Gilman’s the Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, Ninth Edition  Basic and Clinical Pharmacology by Bertram G. Katzung, MD, PhD.  Pediatrics and Nutrition  Textbook of Pediatric by Waldo Nelson  Textbook of Pediatric and Child Health by by Fe del Mundo, Felix Estrada, Perla D. Santos-Ocampo, Xerxes Navarro  Red-Book Committee on Infectious Diseases, American Academy of Pediatrics, 24th Edition, George Peter-Editor
  19. 19. Recommended by PRC  Surgery  Basic Surgery (Poll, Gardnesr and Stone)  Textbook of Surgery (Sabiston)  Textbook of Surgery (Schwartz)  Ophthalmology, Principles and Concepts (Dewell)  Ophthalmology,, Secrets (Vander and Gault)  Fundamental of Otorlaryngology (Adams, Boies and Hilger)  Internal Medicine  Cecile, Textbook of Medicine, current Edition  Harrison, Textbook of Medicine, Current Edition  Obstetrics and Gynecology  William Obstetrics, 20th Edition Textbook of Obstetrics  Novak’s Gynecology, 12th Edition comprehensive Gynecology, 3rd Edition
  20. 20. Recommended by PRC  Preventive Medicine  Foundations of Statistical Analysis for Health Sciences by Ophelia Mendoza, Maridel Borja, Caridad Ancheta. Ofelia Saniel. Jesus Sarol  Research Methods in Health and Medicine (Philippine Council for Health Research and Development), Department of Science and Technology, Volume I by F.S. Sanchez, S.I. Morelos, J.C. Baltazar  Reading in Preventive Medicine II (UST, Dept. of Preventive and Social Medicine)  Bioethics by A. Angles Tan-Alora, MD  The Implementing Rules And Regulations of the National Health and Insurance Act of 1995.  Epidemiology Manual by Dr. Rosa Santos-Carreon (UST)  Lectures and manuals on Preventive Medicine from different Philippine Medical Schools.  San Beda Prev Med Reviewer
  21. 21. Step 2 Arm Yourself PRC List USMLE Reviewers Local Reviewers and Samplex
  22. 22. My 2-cents Opinion: Physiology
  23. 23. My 2-cents Opinion: Biochemistry
  24. 24. My 2-cents Opinion: Microbiology
  25. 25. My 2-cents Opinion: Pathology
  26. 26. My 2-cents Opinion: Anatomy and Histology
  27. 27. My 2-cents Opinion: Pharmacology
  28. 28. My 2-cents Opinion: Surgery
  29. 29. My 2-cents Opinion: Internal Medicine
  30. 30. My 2-cents Opinion: Pediatrics
  31. 31. My 2-cents Opinion: Obstetrics
  32. 32. My 2-cents Opinion: Preventive Medicine
  33. 33. My 2-cents Opinion: Legal Medicine  SOLIS!  UPEC INSERT PICTURE HERE!
  34. 34. Step 2 Arm Yourself PRC List USMLE Reviewers Local Reviewers and Samplex
  35. 35. How True? Samplex have no assurances Even if 2008 and earlier copies are authentic But DO PRACTICE-TESTS daily! Get a copy of T---o--h Notes!
  36. 36. Step 3 Find a Sparring Partner Review Center or not? Review Centers
  37. 37. Decisions! Decisions! Know your study habits Know your goal Know your resources
  38. 38. Step 3 Find a Sparring Partner Review Center or not? Review Centers
  39. 39. Schools of Thought??? Topnotch  New Manila, Fairview  Cracking D’ Board  Cebu, Manila Primus  Davao, Cebu UST  Taft Makar  Manila
  40. 40. Step 4 Skinning the Enemy Test Taking
  41. 41. Fighting the Good Fight PRAY! BE early! Keep calm Bring food Do some light read Use time wisely Fight! Fight! Fight!
  42. 42. REGISTRATION What You Need 1. Birth Certificate (must be NSO certified) 2. Certificate of Graduation from Medical School(COG) 3. Certificate of Internship(COI) 4. Community Tax Certificate (Cedula) 5. Medical Transcript of Records(TOR) 6. Four 2x2 full-face photographs, with name tag (Last Name, First Name and Middle Name) 7. Postage Stamps 8. One long brown envelope, pencils(Mongol #2) and erasers, black ball pen, paste 9. One government-issued ID
  43. 43. WIN BIG!!! GOD BLESS!!!! “The harder the struggle, the greater the glory.”