Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Human Anatomy

578 views

Published on

Quick review of human anatomy. Download this document at Examville.com

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Human Anatomy

  1. 1. www.Examville.com Online practice tests, live classes, tutoring, study guides Q&A, premium content and more .
  2. 2. Human Anatomy The Scientific study of the Human Body
  3. 3. History of Anatomy <ul><li>500 B.C. formal study in Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>Earliest description done in papyrus 3000 and 2500B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Hippocrates, early taught in Greece(460-377 B.C.) </li></ul><ul><li>Aristotle, first to use anatome ( 384-322BC), cutting or taking apart or “Dissecare” </li></ul><ul><li>Versalius, 1543 . “De Humani Corporis Fabrica”masterpiece </li></ul>
  4. 4. History……. <ul><li>Hieronymus Fabricius, 1537-1619. constructed the Anatomical theater in Padua. discovered the valves in the veins </li></ul><ul><li>William Harvey, discovered blood circulation, 1628. Exercitatio anatomica De Motu Cordis et Sanguinis in Animalibus. </li></ul><ul><li>17 th Century, human dissection became important feature in European medical schools. </li></ul><ul><li>18 th and 19 th century anatomist published treaties for standard medical study of human body. Body snatchers. </li></ul><ul><li>1832, Britain parliament passed the Anatomy Act, legalizing medical schools to accept cadaver donations for anatomical studies. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Approaches to the study of Anatomy <ul><li>Regional anatomy – topographical study by regions. Surface anatomy, P.E. </li></ul><ul><li>Systemic anatomy – studying by systems, e.g. circulatory or reproductive, skeletal, integumentary, arterial, muscular, nervous, circulatory, digestive, respiratory, urinary, endocrine systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Clinical anatomy – with clinical correlation, emphasis by structure and function </li></ul>
  6. 6. Anatomical positions <ul><li>Anatomical position </li></ul><ul><li>Anatomical planes: </li></ul><ul><li>> Median plane </li></ul><ul><li>> Sagittal plane </li></ul><ul><li>> Coronal plane </li></ul><ul><li>> Horizontal plane ( transverse) </li></ul><ul><li>Sections </li></ul><ul><li>> Longitudinal </li></ul><ul><li>> Transverse </li></ul><ul><li>> Oblique </li></ul>
  7. 7. Terms of Relationship <ul><li>Superficial, intermediate, deep </li></ul><ul><li>Medial, lateral </li></ul><ul><li>Posterior, dorsal, anterior,ventral </li></ul><ul><li>Inferior, caudal </li></ul><ul><li>> inferomedial </li></ul><ul><li>> superolateral </li></ul><ul><li>Proximal, distal </li></ul><ul><li>Dorsum </li></ul>
  8. 8. Terms of laterality/ Movement <ul><li>Ipsilateral </li></ul><ul><li>Unilateral </li></ul><ul><li>Bilateral </li></ul><ul><li>Contralateral </li></ul><ul><li>Flexion, dorsiflexion, plantarflexion </li></ul><ul><li>Extension, hyperextension, </li></ul><ul><li>Abduction, adduction, circumduction </li></ul><ul><li>Opposition, protrusion </li></ul><ul><li>Elevation, Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Eversion, Inversion </li></ul><ul><li>Pronation, Supination. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Skin and fascia <ul><li>Characteristics and function: </li></ul><ul><li>> biggest organ </li></ul><ul><li>> Protection </li></ul><ul><li>> Heat regulation </li></ul><ul><li>> Sensation – afferent nerves for pain, touch and temp. </li></ul><ul><li>Layers: </li></ul><ul><li>Epidermis </li></ul><ul><li>Dermis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hair follicles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arrector muscles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sebaceous glands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sweat glands </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tension lines – Langer lines ( collagen & elastic fibers) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Skin and fascia……. <ul><li>Subcutaneous tissue – with loose fatty tss. Acting as thermo-regulators, as well as protection from bony prominencies </li></ul><ul><li>Skin ligaments </li></ul><ul><li>Deep fascia </li></ul>
  11. 11. It’s FREE to join. http://www.examville.com

×