PROPOSAL 1Research Topic: Carbon footprintBackgroundCarbon footprint is the total amount of greenhouse gases produced to directly and indirectly support humanactivities, usually expressed in equivalent tons of carbon dioxide (CO2). Greenhouse gases can be emittedthrough transport, land clearance, and the production and consumption of food, fuels, manufacturedgoods, materials, wood, roads, buildings, and services. Carbon dioxide causes global warming. Othergreenhouse gases which might be emitted as a result of your activities are methane and ozone. The carbonfootprint is a very powerful tool to understand the impact of personal behaviour on global warming. People cansee the amount of CO2 their activities create. This might personally help people want to contribute to stopglobal warming.Problem IdentificationPeople are unaware of the greenhouse gases they produced during human activities which contribute to globalwarming.Aim & ObjectivesTo address the issue of carbon footprint towards the environment & how to reduce carbon footprint
MotivationI was pretty unaware of how much carbon dioxide that myself produce during human activities until I read anarticle about it. Sharing this information & awareness with others would be a great step towards a better &greener environment.Ideation & conceptTo create a carbon calculator that calculates the user’s carbon footprint and how much does it cost.Review, Analysis & precedence studieshttp://footprint.wwf.org.uk/ (wwf carbon footprint calculator)http://www.behance.net/gallery/Carbon-Footprint-Awareness-Campaign/434673 (awareness campaign)Design ApproachSerious approach.
CARBON FOOTPRINTThe amount of greenhouse gases emitted by human activities.GREENHOUSE GASES (GHG)Gases in Earth’s atmosphere that prevent heat from escaping into space.GHG SOURCES & GASESScientists are certain that human activities are changing the composition of the atmosphere, and thatincreasing the concentration of GHGs will change the planets climate. GHG sources :-burning of fossil fuels-industrial process-waste breakdown-deforestation-farming & agriculture-food production & consumption-land clearance-manufactured goods/products-electricity-transport-roads-buildings-energy-materials & packaging
Greenhouse gases causes:-Carbon to be released into the atmosphere by burning fossil fuel for transport and electricity.When oil, gas or coal burns, carbon contained within it combines with oxygen in the air to create carbon dioxide.Demand for electricityThe growing population of the earth all want cars, refrigerators, air-conditioning and a double garage. Most electricity isgenerated by burning coal.Demand for red meat.Cattle emits methane. Deforestation decrease the absorbtion of carbon dioxide from the air.Animals, particularly sheep and cattle, produce large amounts of methane. Some fertilisers also release nitrousoxide, which is another greenhouse gas.Planets ability to remove greenhouse gases from the atmosphere.High concentration of carbon dioxide cant be removed by plants completely through photosynthesis. This is whydeforestation increase the output of carbon dioxide.The process is pretty simple :-Plants absorb & store carbon inside of them.-Oxygen is then released through photosynthesis.This is why land clearance & deforestation reverse the process by releasing carbon dioxide into the air.Of the approximately 8 billion tons of carbon emitted each year, scientists believe about :-30% is absorbed by the oceans-30% is absorbed by terrestrial ecosystems-40% accumulates in the atmosphere
CARBON CALCULATOROne of the easiest way to determine how much carbon footprint we produce is by calculating it.This will give us an estimation of carbon we produced.Based on the online carbon calculators, majority of them will ask: 1 BASIC INFO-number of people in household-location-type of house2 CALCULATION PART-what you do-type of energy used-electricity based-transportation, vehicles & flights-some questionaires-secondary footprint-how much money spent-fuel/petrol3 RESULTS-average carbon produced-charts-donation-take actions
Online carbon calculators:http://www.nature.org/greenliving/carboncalculator/http://www.carbonfootprint.com/calculator.aspxhttp://www.footprintnetwork.org/en/index.php/GFN/page/calculators/http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/ghgemissions/ind-calculator.htmlCARBON CALCULATOR’S PROBLEMS:-Too much numbers-How much does the numbers represent?-Units are confusing-Less visuals, too many words-The calculation output is not impact enough. Its just numbers.- No camparisonsCALCULATIONS & FORMULASkwH (kilowatt per hour) Watt x Time----------------- 1000ELECTRICITY COSTkwH x Price for kwHPrice for kwH/hour in Malaysia:Rm0.22 (TNB)Carbon emission : 1 kWh = 0.5kg CO2
CARBON CALCULATORLAYOUT & CONTENT The way carbon calculators were being design encountered problems like:- Too much to calculate -Some users also had problem inserting the right amount of number.- Time consuming- Some users dont know how much value to inputRESULTS-Some results are just numbers- Too much informationCONCEPT To create a carbon calculator to calculate the amount of carbon footprint produce and how much money it will cost. This calculator will be very straight forward & easily understood. Instead of making people figuring out what value they need. Why not calculate it for them? This is more accurate than estimated data.
USABILITY- no calculations required- focus more on data visualization- results are simple & easy to understand- time saving- no need to insert any value- user can check their carbon footprint & cost just bylooking.
HOW IT WORKS1. Using a light sensor arduino board to capture the amount of light from alight source.2. The captured data will be sent to a server3. Server sends data to the computer FLOWCHART4. Data from PC will generate visualization.
FINAL VISUALSo, the overall visual will look like this. This data and UI focuses the users eye to themiddle more than the previous one. User can know how much that amount of carbonfootprint will cost.This calculator calculates the user’s carbon footprint, duration, kilowatt/hour & cost.Everything is calculated for the user with visuals & data. There is no need for the userto waste their time to calculate or key in any amount of numbers in the calculator