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Isaac asimov


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Isaac asimov

  1. 1. Isaac Asimov<br />Author: I, ROBOT<br />
  2. 2. Asimov's biography<br />Isaac Asimov was called a "genius" …"the nearest thing to a human writing machine"..."a natural wonder." His writing career spanned more than forty-five years and produced 477 published books of nearly every type of fiction and nonfiction. <br />Isaac Asimov was born in Petrovichi, Russia in 1920, and emigrated to Brooklyn, New York with his parents in 1923. He was accepted to Columbia University at the age of 15, and earned his Bachelor of Science degree in 1939, and in 1942 interrupted his doctoral studies to serve as a chemist in the US Navy until 1945. After receiving his Ph.D. in chemistry from Columbia in 1948, Dr. Asimov worked as an instructor of biochemistry at the Boston University School of Medicine and was promoted to associate professor in 1951. And, although he turned to writing full-time in 1958, Dr. Asimov was made full professor in 1979. <br />
  3. 3. Happiest working in the seclusion of his two-room office lined with his personal library of more than 2,000 books, Asimov lived in a Manhattan penthouse apartment with his wife, psychiatrist and writer Janet O. Jeppson (with whom he co-authored the popular Norby the Robot books, a science fiction series for young adults). Isaac Asimov died of heart and kidney failure on April 6, 1992. <br />  Asimove wrote unormouse number of books. The "Good Doctor" began writing science fiction at the age of eleven. His first book-length work of science fiction, Pebble in the Sky, was published by Doubleday in 1950, and he branched out into nonfiction with a scientific textbook published in 1951. <br />
  4. 4. Since then, Asimov went on to write about almost every subject under the sun, ranging from math to physic, from the Bible to Shakespeare. Among those were the international bestsellers Foundation's Edge, The Robots of Dawn, and Foundation and Earth. In addition to winning a special Hugo Award honoring his Foundation Trilogy as the Best All-Time Science Fiction Series, Dr. Asimov was presented with another Hugo for Foundation's Edge as the Best Science Fiction Novel of 1982. In 1987, Dr. Asimov was given a special Nebula Award by the Science Fiction Writers of America, designating him a Grand Master of Science Fiction. He was the recipient of a number of other Hugos and Nebulas for various other writings.<br />
  5. 5. I, Robot<br />I, Robot was one of the most important books in Asimov’s life. It is one of his books which built his reputation in the form of its original publication as a series of stories in the Golden Age Astounding (and, for that matter, one of the books that made the Golden Age golden). The book consists of relatively short stories, robot anthologies, that show to us relations between human beings and robots from the time when first elementary robots were created until the time when computers basically took over the control of economy, progress, and future of a man kind. In his book robots and characters (including the immortal Susan Calvin) are taking the stage all by themselves. It’s a collection of nine stories. Stories are logically connected. Throughout his book he describes life of "robopsychologist" Dr. Susan Calvin. The book is based on the stories about robots what she tells to the author or stories where she is one of the characters. She is an expert in robots. <br />
  6. 6. At the very end of the book she says:" I saw it from the beginning, when the poor robot couldn’t speak, to the end , when they stand between mankind and destruction." On my opinion, the idea of necessity of a robopsychologistin robot manufacturing is great, and it shows that Asimov, writing his stories in 1940s, clearly saw how important could be relation between machines and people. In the book Susan Calvin is trying to analyze behavior and thoughts of robots that designed and created by men, but, at the same time, outperforming their creators in almost every task and role.<br />
  7. 7. Very important part of her analyses are The Three Laws of Robotics: <br /> 1. A robot may not injure a human being, or, through inaction, allow a human to come to harm.<br /> 2. A robot must obey orders given to him by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law. <br /> 3. A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.<br />
  8. 8. The three laws of robotics are another very important component of the book that makes logical conjunction of nine stories in I, Robot. I would say that it’s the part of the book that many people know even if they have not read I, Robot. The laws are written in early 40s! It shows that Asimov realized the importance of this issue even before it really existed. But probably the three laws are not just a great imagination of the genius. The rules are natural: a machine may not injure a human being in any way. It is the first and most important law that has been and will be the most important for everyone who somehow relates his or her life with computers, robots or any other type of machines. <br />
  9. 9. A subtle thought that is in error may yet give rise to fruitful inquiry that can establish truths of great value. Isaac Asimov<br />