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A Lens on China’s Climate Actions:
Progress on Domestic and International
Transparency
Michael Davidson
China Climate Fell...
Outline
 Integrating Domestic and Int’l MRV
 China’s Climate Commitments
 Target Responsibility System
 12th
Five-Year...
Integrating Domestic & Int’l MRV
Preparation of National
GHG Inventory
Implementation of
Nationally Appropriate
Mitigation...
Integrating Domestic & Int’l MRV
Preparation of National
GHG Inventory
Implementation of
Nationally Appropriate
Mitigation...
Plans and Programs
Source: Teng Fei
China’s Climate Commitments
Energy Intensity
 Target: 20% reduction from 2005 levels by 2010
 Status: 15.6% by end of 20...
International Pledges
 In the Copenhagen Accord, China agreed to major
actions on climate:
 Reduce carbon intensity by 4...
Integrating Domestic & Int’l MRV (2)
Preparation of National
GHG Inventory
Implementation of
Nationally Appropriate
Mitiga...
Target Responsibility System
11th
Five-Year Plan Binding Targets ( 约束性指标 )
 Emissions Reductions (10% of SO2, COD)
 Ener...
Target Responsibility System (2)
Priority Targets with Veto:
Examination Index Examination Content Score
s
Energy-saving T...
Target Responsibility System (3)
Scoring:
Source: “Implementation Plan of Evaluation System of Energy Consumption per Unit...
“Critical” Provinces
Source: www.sdpc.gov.cn/tztg/t20100910_370628.htm
Energy-saving targets as of
July 2010:
Liaoning 
J...
Verification Systems
Emissions Reductions
 Semi-annual
 MEP regional supervision centers - lead
 Mobilization meetings,...
International Transparency
China is acting because…
 China is meeting ambitious domestic commitments
and deserves credit
...
12th
Five-Year Plan Proposal
 Energy and carbon intensity: binding targets
 Emphasis on:
 Energy efficiency measures
 ...
Conclusions
China is…
 making significant commitments domestically to combat
climate change
 implementing a domestic MRV...
Thank you!
 Contact:
 Michael Davidson (mdavidson@nrdc.org)
 Barbara Finamore, China Program Director
(bfinamore@nrdc.o...
Additional Slides
China’s Efforts to Reduce Energy Use
 11th
Five-Year Plan
 Reduce energy intensity by 20% between 2006 and 2010
(save 70...
China’s Efforts to Reduce Energy Use (2)
 Distribute 150 million energy efficient light bulbs
between 2008 and 2010
 Shu...
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NRDC - China's Progress on Domestic and International Transparency of Climate Actions

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NRDC - China's Progress on Domestic and International Transparency of Climate Actions

  1. 1. A Lens on China’s Climate Actions: Progress on Domestic and International Transparency Michael Davidson China Climate Fellow, Natural Resources Defense Council November 5, 2010 China Environment Forum
  2. 2. Outline  Integrating Domestic and Int’l MRV  China’s Climate Commitments  Target Responsibility System  12th Five-Year Plan  International Transparency
  3. 3. Integrating Domestic & Int’l MRV Preparation of National GHG Inventory Implementation of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions National Communication Domestic Activities UNFCCC Processes Implementation of Domestic MRV Procedures International Consultation and Analysis Source: Clare Breidenich
  4. 4. Integrating Domestic & Int’l MRV Preparation of National GHG Inventory Implementation of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions National Communication Domestic Activities UNFCCC Processes Implementation of Domestic MRV Procedures International Consultation and Analysis
  5. 5. Plans and Programs Source: Teng Fei
  6. 6. China’s Climate Commitments Energy Intensity  Target: 20% reduction from 2005 levels by 2010  Status: 15.6% by end of 2009  Top-1000 Enterprises program: Reduce energy demand by 100 million tce by 2010 Carbon Intensity  Target: 40-45% reduction from 2005 levels by 2020  Inscribed in Copenhagen Accord 12th Five-Year Plan (2011-2015)  Energy Intensity Target: 15-20% reduction likely  Carbon Intensity Target  New strategic industries: half in EE/RE  Strengthen target responsibility system
  7. 7. International Pledges  In the Copenhagen Accord, China agreed to major actions on climate:  Reduce carbon intensity by 40-45% from 2005 levels by 2020  Increase non-fossil energy usage to around 15% of primary energy consumption by 2020  Increase forest coverage by 40 million hectares from 2005 levels by 2020 See: nrdc.org/international/copenhagenaccords/ See: china.nrdc.org/library/NRDCTianjin-side-event-reports
  8. 8. Integrating Domestic & Int’l MRV (2) Preparation of National GHG Inventory Implementation of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions National Communication Domestic Activities UNFCCC Processes Implementation of Domestic MRV Procedures International Consultation and Analysis
  9. 9. Target Responsibility System 11th Five-Year Plan Binding Targets ( 约束性指标 )  Emissions Reductions (10% of SO2, COD)  Energy Intensity Reduction (~20%) “Iron Hand” – May 2010: Wen Jiabao  Overzealous localities: blackouts, curtailing production  Local DRCs: reward/punishment rules  12th FYP draft proposal
  10. 10. Target Responsibility System (2) Priority Targets with Veto: Examination Index Examination Content Score s Energy-saving Targets (40 scores) Reduction rate of energy consumption per 10,000 yuan GDP 40 Energy-saving Measures (60 scores) Energy-saving organizational arrangements and leadership 2 Allocation and implementation of energy-saving targets 3 Adjustment and optimization of industrial structure 20 Energy-saving investment and implementation of key projects 10 Development and promotion of energy-saving technology 9 Energy-saving management of key enterprises and sectors 8 Implementation and improvement of relevant laws and rules 3 Implementation of basic energy-saving work 5 Total Score 100 Source: “Implementation Plan of Evaluation System of Energy Consumption per Unit GDP,” November 17, 2007
  11. 11. Target Responsibility System (3) Scoring: Source: “Implementation Plan of Evaluation System of Energy Consumption per Unit GDP,” November 17, 2007 Score Results 95+ "Exceeded" ( 超额完成 ) 80-94 "Completed" ( 完成 ) 60-79 "Basically Completed" ( 基本 完成 ) 0-59 "Not Completed"   ( 未完 成 )
  12. 12. “Critical” Provinces Source: www.sdpc.gov.cn/tztg/t20100910_370628.htm Energy-saving targets as of July 2010: Liaoning  Jiangsu Henan Guangxi Guizhou Sha’anxi Qinghai, Ningxia, Xinjiang
  13. 13. Verification Systems Emissions Reductions  Semi-annual  MEP regional supervision centers - lead  Mobilization meetings, oral reporting, document review, onsite inspection  Also: selected daily supervision Energy Savings  Energy Intensity Reductions: NBS-internal verification  Energy-Saving Measures: NDRC-led inspection (MHURD, MOT, SASAC, AQSIQ, SAWS, NBS…) MHURD: Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development MOT: Ministry of Transportation SASAC: State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission AQSIQ: General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine SAWS: State Administration of Work Safety NBS: National Bureau of Statistics
  14. 14. International Transparency China is acting because…  China is meeting ambitious domestic commitments and deserves credit  Increased information exchange strengthens the international system and builds confidence  China’s experiences with low-carbon development provide useful models for other developing countries
  15. 15. 12th Five-Year Plan Proposal  Energy and carbon intensity: binding targets  Emphasis on:  Energy efficiency measures  Energy-intensive industries  Market mechanisms  Strategic industries (3 0f 7 directly energy-related)  Strengthen data reporting and target responsibility system  Expected energy intensity target: 15-20%
  16. 16. Conclusions China is…  making significant commitments domestically to combat climate change  implementing a domestic MRV system to track progress  willing to negotiate transparency on the int’l stage A solution to the transparency/MRV/ICA/NatComms Gordian knot is within reach
  17. 17. Thank you!  Contact:  Michael Davidson (mdavidson@nrdc.org)  Barbara Finamore, China Program Director (bfinamore@nrdc.org)  Jake Schmidt, International Climate Policy Director (jschmidt@nrdc.org)  Read our China blogs : switchboard.nrdc.org/blogs/issues/greening_china/  See our new reports on China: china.nrdc.org/library/NRDCTianjin-side-event-reports  China-U.S. Energy Efficiency Alliance: www.chinauseealliance.org
  18. 18. Additional Slides
  19. 19. China’s Efforts to Reduce Energy Use  11th Five-Year Plan  Reduce energy intensity by 20% between 2006 and 2010 (save 700 million tons of coal equivalent)  Top-1000 program to save 100 million tce by 2010 (263 mt CO2 reduction)  Government financial support: 7 billion RMB in 2007 (central/provincial)  Officials' political career prospects dependent in part on their energy-saving performance
  20. 20. China’s Efforts to Reduce Energy Use (2)  Distribute 150 million energy efficient light bulbs between 2008 and 2010  Shut down 71 GW of small inefficient coal power plants between 2006 and mid-2010  Implement efficiency dispatch rules – dispatch power plants based on coal consumption level  Adopt energy labeling for refrigerator, air condition, washing machine, water heater, induction cooker, fluorescent lamp, motor, copier, computer monitor, etc.

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