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Horror Genre


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Horror Genre definitions + theories

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Horror Genre

  1. 1. Genre
  2. 2. Lesson outcomes •Develop understanding of genre Genre has a set of codes and conventions Genre is not fixed and changes over time •Apply genre theory to a selection of film extracts •Analyse how genre changes over time
  3. 3. Genre so far… We have analysed the opening of Scream to see how it fits horror genre and how director scares audience. ‘Things’ that make the opening of Scream a horror film? List some… The correct terminology for this list is ICONOGRAPHY. Iconography is an important aspect of genre. We expect to see certain objects on screen when we see a particular genre, for example, in a Horror, isolated locations, low key lighting, shadows, sound to cause tension, murder weapons etc…
  4. 4. Beforeweareintroducedtofilmtheory,whyisgenre importantfor…? Producer of the film • Genre acts as a template to work within Distributor • Genre provides assumptions about who the audience is. This helps market films to a specific audience. Audience • The audience knows what to expect from the film
  5. 5. Rick Altman Altman states that genres are “Usually defined in terms of certain signs (semantic) or certain plots and themes (syntactic) • Semantic- signs/ objects • Syntactic: themes, narratives, ideologies • Go back to Scream- what are the semantic/ syntactic elements?
  6. 6. David Buckingham/ Steve Neale Buckingham and Neale both argue that genre does change over time however certain codes and conventions remain the same. David Buckingham Genre is not simply ‘given’ by the culture, rather it is in a constant process of negotiation and change” (1993) Steve Neale Pleasure is derived from ‘repetition and difference’ (1980) ‘There would be no pleasure without difference’ We enjoy the stretching of the genre in new directions and the consequent shifting of our expectations.
  7. 7. Task:Getyourselfintopairsor3.Iamgoingtogive you oneoftheseexamplesto watchon youtube. 1920s Nosferatu 1930s Freaks 1940s/50s Dracula 1960s Psycho 1980s American Werewolf in London 1990s Blair Witch Project 2000s The Descent/ Eden Lake
  8. 8. Task:In2/3swatchtheclipandanswerthefollowing questions… • Make a list of all the semantic elements (objects that make it fit the horror genre) • What are the syntactic elements (narrative, ideology) You are then going to show the clip and and feedback your ideas to the rest of the class. While we watch the clips (in chronological order) see if, as a class you can apply Buckingham and Neale’s theories. How are the example horrors the same but how have they changed over time to keep the audience interested and entertained?