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Linking Roman Coins: CAA2012


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Linking Roman Coins: CAA2012

  1. 1. Linking Roman Coins:Current Work at the American Numismatic Society Ethan Gruber, Gilles Bransbourg, Sebastian Heath, Andrew Meadows Ethan Gruber Web Services Developer Presentation by American Numismatic Society Twitter: @ewg118
  2. 2. Follow Along powerpoint presentation available at:
  3. 3. Introducing Roman Imperial Coinage
  4. 4. ric.1(2).aug.42avolume edition authority number
  5. 5. gold Numismatic Concepts as Linked Open Data ( material denominationsilver ( labels: silber, argent, etc. (stable URIs) (XHTML+RDFa) etc... mint Rome ( authority related: Wikipedia related: Pleiades Gazetteer
  6. 6. Coin-Types as Numismatic ConceptsA coin-type is a general series to which a coin belongs, as defined by typological attributes.It consists of the following:Dates of issueDenominationLegendManufacture type (“struck” for Roman coins)MaterialMint and/or RegionPersons (authority, magistrate, artist, portraiture, etc.)Type (iconography)
  7. 7. Numismatic Description Standard (NUDS)LOD-inspired XML schema based on fields described at of Encoded Archival Description for Numismatic Collections presented at CAA in 2009: numismatic ontologyinfluenced by TEI, EAD, VRA Core, etc. with W3C xlink attributes for semantic linkingSee Example: RIC Vol. 1 (Edition 2): Augustus 42a object type: Coin ( denomination: Denarius ( material: Silver ( date: 20-19 B.C. (ISO8601 date -0020 to -0019) authority: Augustus ( mint: Caesaraugusta ( region: Spain ( associated physical objects ( also includes obverse types and legends, unlinked
  8. 8. Introducing NumishareOpen source web application for creating, managing, and publishing numismatic collections. See more at: Application Stack (all open source components) Cocoon Solr eXist Orbeon XForms
  9. 9. Online Coins of the Roman Empire (OCRE) Metadata extracted either from NUDS or XTHML+RDFa using standard nomisma-defined properties
  10. 10. Mapping findspots for a coin-type is possible, although not shown in this example
  11. 11. Search and Browse: Solr power Note: Atom feed KML results CSV visualization query map faceted browse
  12. 12. Query by URI
  13. 13. map generated from Solr searchresults processed with XSLT to create KML, then rendered in OpenLayers
  14. 14. RIC Search Goes to 11Numishare supports fuzzy and wildcard searches through Solr.P?C? *TAE yields results with PACI AVGVSTAE legendsUseful for more rapid and accurate identifications in the field
  15. 15. Managing OCRE in the back-end: Orbeon XFormsDefinition: An XForms-based web form gathers and processes XML data using an architecture that separates presentation,purpose and content.
  16. 16. Example of editing a record for a physical coin
  17. 17. Also supported: VIAF and GeonamesMost useful for non-Greek and Roman coins for which nomisma ids have not yet been created If application language is English – Library of Congress names are replied and Anglo-American Cataloging Rules are applied to places
  18. 18. Numishare Administration Other Admin Features: Create “pages” Import from CSV Basic theme and layouts Control configurations through web form Other Coin Form Features: Upload images through form Attach images through flickr APIs
  19. 19. Use CasesResearch tool for students, scholars, and collectorsAuthoritative metadata source for other projects and collections (e.g., Portable Antiquities Scheme, OpenContext)More efficient coin identification at archaeological excavationsUseful for “big data” mining and visualization JISC Common Repository Interfaces Group (CRIG): “The coolest thing to do with your data will be thought of by someone else”
  20. 20. More informationOCRE demo: Database code: blog: XForms processor: Solr: