Microscope

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This is a combination of 3 powerpoints I found on the internet

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  • Microscope

    1. 1. Microscope Notes
    2. 2. Microscope Notes
    3. 3. Microscope Notes
    4. 4. Microscope Notes
    5. 5. History of the Microscope 2
    6. 6. History of the Microscope• 1590 –first compound microscope 2
    7. 7. History of the Microscope• 1590 –first compound microscope 2
    8. 8. Microscope
    9. 9. MicroscopeOne or more lens that makes an enlarged image of an object.
    10. 10. MicroscopeOne or more lens that makes an enlarged image of an object.
    11. 11. History of the Microscope 4
    12. 12. History of the Microscope• 1655 – Robert Hooke used a compound microscope to observe pores in cork 4
    13. 13. History of the Microscope• 1655 – Robert Hooke used a compound microscope to observe pores in cork –He called them “cells” 4
    14. 14. 5
    15. 15. History of the Microscope 6
    16. 16. History of the Microscope• Antoine van Leeuwenhoek 6
    17. 17. History of the Microscope• Antoine van Leeuwenhoek –1st to see single-celled organisms in pond water 6
    18. 18. Microscope Vocabulary 7
    19. 19. Microscope Vocabulary• Magnification: increase of an object’s apparent size 7
    20. 20. Microscope Vocabulary• Magnification: increase of an object’s apparent size• Resolution: power to show details clearly 7
    21. 21. Microscope Vocabulary• Magnification: increase of an object’s apparent size• Resolution: power to show details clearly• Both are needed to see a clear image 7
    22. 22. Types of Microscopes
    23. 23. Types of Microscopes
    24. 24. Types of Microscopes • Simple
    25. 25. Types of Microscopes • Simple • Compound
    26. 26. Types of Microscopes • Simple • Compound • Stereoscopic
    27. 27. Types of Microscopes • Simple • Compound • Stereoscopic • Electron
    28. 28. Simple Microscope
    29. 29. Simple Microscope• Similar to a magnifying glass and has only one lens.
    30. 30. Simple Microscope• Similar to a magnifying glass and has only one lens.
    31. 31. Simple Microscope• Similar to a magnifying glass and has only one lens.
    32. 32. Simple Microscope• Similar to a magnifying glass and has only one lens.
    33. 33. Compound Microscope
    34. 34. Compound Microscope• Lets light pass through an object and then through two or more lenses.
    35. 35. Compound Microscope• Lets light pass through an object and then through two or more lenses.
    36. 36. Compound Microscope• Lets light pass through an object and then through two or more lenses.
    37. 37. Compound Microscope• Lets light pass through an object and then through two or more lenses.
    38. 38. Compound Microscope• Lets light pass through an object and then through two or more lenses.
    39. 39. Types of Microscopes 11
    40. 40. Types of Microscopes• 1. Compound Light Microscope 11
    41. 41. Types of Microscopes• 1. Compound Light Microscope –1 st type of microscope, most widely used 11
    42. 42. Types of Microscopes• 1. Compound Light Microscope –1 st type of microscope, most widely used –light passes through 2 lenses 11
    43. 43. Types of Microscopes• 1. Compound Light Microscope –1 st type of microscope, most widely used –light passes through 2 lenses –Can magnify up to 2000x 11
    44. 44. Ocular lensObjectivelenses 12
    45. 45. ElectronMicroscope
    46. 46. ElectronMicroscope• Uses a magnetic field to bend beams of electrons ; instead of using lenses to bend beams of light.
    47. 47. Types of Microscopes 14
    48. 48. Types of Microscopes• 2. Electron Microscope 14
    49. 49. Types of Microscopes• 2. Electron Microscope –Used to observe VERY small objects: viruses, DNA, parts of cells 14
    50. 50. Types of Microscopes• 2. Electron Microscope –Used to observe VERY small objects: viruses, DNA, parts of cells –Uses beams of electrons rather than light 14
    51. 51. Types of Microscopes• 2. Electron Microscope –Used to observe VERY small objects: viruses, DNA, parts of cells –Uses beams of electrons rather than light –Much more powerful 14
    52. 52. Types of Microscopes 15
    53. 53. Types of Microscopes• Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM) 15
    54. 54. Types of Microscopes• Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM) –Can magnify up to 250,000x 15
    55. 55. 16
    56. 56. 17
    57. 57. 18
    58. 58. Types of Microscopes 19
    59. 59. Types of Microscopes• Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) 19
    60. 60. Types of Microscopes• Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) –Can magnify up to 100,000x 19
    61. 61. 20
    62. 62. 21
    63. 63. 22
    64. 64. Stereoscopic Microscope
    65. 65. Stereoscopic Microscope• Gives a three dimensional view of an object. (Examples: insects and leaves)
    66. 66. Stereoscopic Microscope• Gives a three dimensional view of an object. (Examples: insects and leaves)
    67. 67. Stereoscopic Microscope• Gives a three dimensional view of an object. (Examples: insects and leaves)
    68. 68. Stereoscopic Microscope• Gives a three dimensional view of an object. (Examples: insects and leaves)
    69. 69. 24
    70. 70. 25
    71. 71. A Lens
    72. 72. A Lens• Enlarges an image and bends the light toward your eye.
    73. 73. A Lens• Enlarges an image and bends the light toward your eye.
    74. 74. A Lens• Enlarges an image and bends the light toward your eye.
    75. 75. A Lens• Enlarges an image and bends the light toward your eye.
    76. 76. Usually has a power of 10 x
    77. 77. Eyepiece LensUsually has a power of 10 x
    78. 78. Eyepiece Lens
    79. 79. Eyepiece Lens
    80. 80. Eyepiece Lens X
    81. 81. Eyepiece Lens X
    82. 82. Eyepiece Lens XObjective Lens
    83. 83. Eyepiece Lens XObjective Lens =
    84. 84. Eyepiece Lens X Objective Lens =Total Magnification
    85. 85. Objective Lenses
    86. 86. Objective Lenses
    87. 87. Objective Lenses
    88. 88. Objective Lenses Low Power = 4 x
    89. 89. Objective Lenses Low Power = 4 x
    90. 90. Objective Lenses Low Power = 4 x Medium Power = 10 x
    91. 91. Objective Lenses Low Power = 4 x Medium Power = 10 x
    92. 92. Objective Lenses Low Power = 4 x Medium Power = 10 x High Power = 40 x
    93. 93. Introduction to the Microscope Care Parts Focusing
    94. 94. 31
    95. 95. • Always carry with 2 hands 31
    96. 96. • Always carry with 2 hands• Only use lens paper for cleaning 31
    97. 97. • Always carry with 2 hands• Only use lens paper for cleaning• Do not force knobs 31
    98. 98. • Always carry with 2 hands• Only use lens paper for cleaning• Do not force knobs• Always store covered 31
    99. 99. • Always carry with 2 hands• Only use lens paper for cleaning• Do not force knobs• Always store covered• Keep objects clear of desk and cords 31
    100. 100. 32
    101. 101. Eyepiece 32
    102. 102. EyepieceBody Tube 32
    103. 103. Eyepiece Body TubeRevolving Nosepiece 32
    104. 104. Eyepiece Body TubeRevolving Nosepiece Objective Lens 32
    105. 105. Eyepiece Body TubeRevolving Nosepiece Arm Objective Lens 32
    106. 106. Eyepiece Body TubeRevolving Nosepiece Arm Objective Lens Stage 32
    107. 107. Eyepiece Body TubeRevolving Nosepiece Arm Objective Lens Stage Stage Clips 32
    108. 108. Eyepiece Body TubeRevolving Nosepiece Arm Objective Lens Stage Stage Clips Coarse Focus 32
    109. 109. Eyepiece Body TubeRevolving Nosepiece Arm Objective Lens Stage Stage Clips Coarse Focus Fine Focus 32
    110. 110. Eyepiece Body TubeRevolving Nosepiece Arm Objective Lens Stage Stage Clips Coarse Focus Fine Focus Base 32
    111. 111. Eyepiece Body TubeRevolving Nosepiece Arm Objective Lens Stage Stage Clips Coarse Focus Diaphragm Fine Focus Base 32
    112. 112. Eyepiece Body TubeRevolving Nosepiece Arm Objective Lens Stage Stage Clips Coarse Focus Diaphragm Fine Focus Light Base 32
    113. 113. 33
    114. 114. 33
    115. 115. • Place the Slide on the Microscope 33
    116. 116. • Place the Slide on the Microscope• Use Stage Clips 33
    117. 117. • Place the Slide on the Microscope• Use Stage Clips• Click Nosepiece to the lowest (shortest) setting 33
    118. 118. • Place the Slide on the Microscope• Use Stage Clips• Click Nosepiece to the lowest (shortest) setting• Look into the Eyepiece 33
    119. 119. • Place the Slide on the Microscope• Use Stage Clips• Click Nosepiece to the lowest (shortest) setting• Look into the Eyepiece• Use the Coarse Focus 33
    120. 120. 34
    121. 121. • Follow steps to focus using low power 34
    122. 122. • Follow steps to focus using low power• Click the nosepiece to the longest objective 34
    123. 123. • Follow steps to focus using low power• Click the nosepiece to the longest objective• Do NOT use the Coarse Focusing Knob 34
    124. 124. • Follow steps to focus using low power• Click the nosepiece to the longest objective• Do NOT use the Coarse Focusing Knob• Use the Fine Focus Knob to bring the slide 34
    125. 125. • Follow steps to focus using low power• Click the nosepiece to the longest objective• Do NOT use the Coarse Focusing Knob• Use the Fine Focus Knob to bring the slide 34

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