Waste Management in Hong Kong


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Waste Management in Hong Kong Presentation by Chan Yau Kei and Ho Ka Chun

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Waste Management in Hong Kong

  1. 1. Waste Management in Hong Kong Prepared and Presented by: CHAN Yau-kei, Kurt 10406751 HO Ka-chun, Ewan 10406948
  2. 2. <ul><li>Current problem (Statistics) </li></ul><ul><li>Existing Policy/Public Consultation </li></ul><ul><li>Point to note </li></ul><ul><li>Comparison (Taipei) </li></ul><ul><li>Suggestion </li></ul>Table of Content
  3. 3. Current problem <ul><ul><ul><li>Hong Kong is producing 1.8 tons of rubbish each day </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>T hree landfills are fast becoming full to the brim within 3 years later </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tseng Kwan O(TKO) (Southern part of TKO Industrial Zone) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ta Kwu Ling, Sheung Shui </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lin Wan of Lung Kwu Tan, Tuen Mun </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Current classification of solid waste
  5. 5. Disposal of solid waste at landfills in 2010 Source: Monitoring of Solid Waste in HK-Waste Statistics for 2010
  6. 6. Disposal of solid waste at landfills in 2006 – 2010
  7. 7. Per capita disposal rates of municipal solid waste and domestic waste in 2006 – 2010
  8. 8. Composition of municipal solid waste in 2010
  9. 9. Waste Management <ul><li>How to tackle the waste problem </li></ul>
  10. 10. Recovery of municipal solid waste in 2009 and 2010
  11. 11. Municipal solid waste recovery rates in 2006 – 2010
  12. 12. Recovered recyclable materials by type in 2010
  13. 13. <ul><li>Principle: “ Polluter pays ” </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce Waste </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Levy Scheme on Plastic Shopping Bags was introduced since 7-July-2009. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduce an environmental levy of 50 cents on each plastic shopping bag at the retail level, with the first phase covering chain or large supermarkets, convenience stores and personal healthy and beauty product stores. </li></ul></ul>Existing Policy
  14. 14. <ul><li>Reduce Waste </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In 2006, the mixed construction waste accounts for about 20% of the total waste intake at the three existing landfills. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tackle the Land filling and Fly-tipping problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Construction Waste Disposal Charging Scheme (2006 Launched) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Construction waste producers, such as construction contractors, renovation contractors or premises owners, prior to using government waste disposal facilities, need to open a billing account with the Environmental Protection Department and pay for the construction waste disposal charge. </li></ul></ul></ul>Existing Policy
  15. 15. <ul><li>Recycling </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Launched a programme on Source Separation of Domestic Waste since 2006. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Waste separation bins / 3-coloured bins </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blue (paper), </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Yellow( aluminum bottle) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>B rown ( plastic bottle) </li></ul></ul></ul>Public Consultation
  16. 16. <ul><li>The use of Plastic Shopping Bags dropped 90 %. But the consumption of plastic is increased </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consumption of nylon-plastic bag products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shifted the plastic consumption from Plastic Shopping Bags </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More plastic products were used and disposed to landfill, even hardly biodegradable substance </li></ul></ul>Problems/Criticism
  17. 17. <ul><li>Waste separation bins / 3-coloured bins Policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No bins for glasses bottle, clothes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Estate took initiation to apply permission of additional place to collect items other recycling item bins, rejected by Lands department </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reason: government no such policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sau Mau Ping Estate, Kwun Tong </li></ul></ul>Problems/Criticism
  18. 18. Problems/Criticism <ul><li>Local recycle traders lack of government support </li></ul><ul><li>Low recycle rate, unstable supply of recycled waste </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Construction Waste Disposal Charging Scheme </li></ul><ul><ul><li>many government departments involved at the enforcement work, departments are relies on other departments to enforce the law </li></ul></ul>Problems/Criticism
  20. 22. <ul><li>Population: Over 2.6 million </li></ul><ul><li>Waste Bag Fee and Recycle Scheme </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1999: 2970 tons/day 2000: 1680 tons/day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>43% less after the scheme start </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recycle rate: Increase from 2.4% to 8% </li></ul></ul>Comparison to Taipei
  21. 23. <ul><li>Economic Disincentives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fines / Allowance, Waste Exchange Scheme, Waste Bag Fee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support general waste management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Enforcement and Penalty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. Legislation, compulsory recycling procedures, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deposit-Refund Scheme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Product Take-Back </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced recycling fee (ARF) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implemented in Denmark, Ireland, South Africa, United States, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Timetable for waste management problem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Speed up the Progress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Domestic source separation by 3-Coloured Waste Separation Bin </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase Types of Waste Separation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. Glass bottles, Electronics, Clothing, etc </li></ul></ul></ul>Recommendations for HKSAR
  22. 24. <ul><li>Increase the awareness of general public </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce the main source of waste </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Separation in Advance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Education and Promotion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The responsibility of every HK Citizens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Lifestyle Campaign </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Break down the administrative hierarchy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct support from the district board </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connection with NGOs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Guiding / Monitoring Purpose </li></ul></ul></ul>Recommendations for HKSAR
  23. 25. What HKSAR can really do…
  24. 26. <ul><li>http://www.info.gov.hk/gia/general/200910/28/P200910270240.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.legco.gov.hk/yr05-06/english/panels/ea/papers/ea0424cb1-1300-4-e.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/eindex.html </li></ul>Source & Reference
  25. 27. Thank You!!