Eco Obama


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Zeus Dorado
Aika Manliclic
Rina Tanjangco

MATHEW ONG: War on Terrorism
CARMELA DEANG: Iraq-Palestinian
LEONARD DE LEON: Global Poverty
VERONICA LOPEZ: UN, Millenium Development Goals
JERRY RIMANDO: Technology Gap between Rich and Poor (Digital Divide)
MARK LIM: Environmental Problem
GABRIEL MAGNO: American Market, Culture
ALAN JARANTILLA: Social Welfare: Health and Education
PAOLO LAYUG: Economic Recession on Car Industry and Financing Industry
RON RIVERA: Public Debt

Mae Alabanza (Poster Leader)
Ara Dacay
Ruth Sy
Charmy Oliveros
Derick Espinosa

Joanna Tapar (Magazine Leader)
Cheska Abacan
Jacqueline Ang
Joseph Daez
Gian Lucas

Leslie Filart (Powerpoint Leader)
Aina Abesamis
Kit de Vera
Lia Fernandez
Ji Hiyoen Lee
Ram Ng

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Eco Obama

  1. 1. Social Welfare Plan
  2. 2. Health Care
  3. 3. Problem <ul><li>If health care is completely government-run, costs will have to be burdened to the people through taxes, which will raise expenses </li></ul><ul><li>If health care is run completely by the private sector, then insurance companies will practice their businesses without a set of rules for the greater good </li></ul>
  4. 4. Plan of Action <ul><li>Obama plans to roll back the Bush tax cuts for American earnings more than $250,000 a year and retain the estate tax at its 2009 level to pay for the $60M health care reform </li></ul>
  5. 5. Goals and implementation strategies <ul><li>Make health insurance accessible and affordable to all </li></ul><ul><li>Lower health care costs </li></ul><ul><li>Promote public health </li></ul>
  6. 6. Education
  7. 7. Problem <ul><li>No Child Left Behind Policy has unfulfilled funding promises, inadequate implementation and shortcomings in the design of the law itself. As a result, the law has failed to provide high-quality teachers and pay them adequately </li></ul><ul><li>Rising teacher retention problem makes them find other work with better pay </li></ul><ul><li>Rising cost of University education leaves most of the graduates under enormous debt upon completing their education </li></ul>
  8. 8. Goals and Implementation Stategies <ul><li>Make reforms on the No Child Left Behind Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Invest in early childhood education </li></ul><ul><li>Make University education more affordable </li></ul>
  9. 9. Global Poverty Act
  10. 10. Overview <ul><li>Bill in the U.S. Congress that was co-sponsored by 84 representatives and 30 senators </li></ul><ul><li>Requires the President to develop and implement a comprehensive strategy </li></ul>
  11. 11. Overview <ul><ul><li>To reduce poverty worldwide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To eliminate extreme poverty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To achieve the reduction of people who live on less than $1 per day by one half the proportion of people worldwide between 1990 and 2015 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Requires the U.S. to increase its spending on Humanitarian Aid from $23B to $98B a year </li></ul>
  12. 12. Timeline <ul><li>Mar 1, 2007: Introduced in the U.S. House of Representatives by Congressman Adam Smith </li></ul><ul><li>Jul 31, 2007: Scheduled for debate in the House </li></ul><ul><li>Sep 25, 2007: Passed in the House by voice vote </li></ul><ul><li>Sep 26, 2007: Received in the Senate and read twice and referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations </li></ul><ul><li>Feb 13, 2008: Ordered to be reported with amendments </li></ul><ul><li>Apr 24 2008: Reported by Senator Biden with amendments and an amendment to the title with written report No. 110-331 and placed in Senate Legislative Calendar under General Orders </li></ul>
  14. 14. Obama on U.S. Politics <ul><li>Recession has challenged President Obama </li></ul><ul><li>He has been struggling to regain the political initiative on combating the economic downturn </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployment rate is going up, hence there should be recovery measures </li></ul>
  15. 15. Recovery Measures <ul><li>Stimulus Bill </li></ul><ul><li>- Cut more than $100B spending on items such as health and education from $819B to $780B </li></ul><ul><li>Pay capital of $500K for executives of large companies </li></ul>
  17. 17. Recession <ul><li>At the forefront of the entire world because of the reckless greed and risk-taking of financial institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Might remain the main issue in President Obama’s administration </li></ul>
  18. 18. Recovery Measure <ul><li>Two-year Stimulus Plan that will provide Americans tax cuts, health care and educational benefits and infuse investments in renewable energy and infrastructure </li></ul>
  19. 19. Republicans’ Stand <ul><li>Skeptical for they believe it may be too costly to the U.S. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Obama’s Stand <ul><li>What is important is that politicians understand the plight of the Americans </li></ul><ul><li>As the agent of change, people can rally behind him </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulus plan won’t change things overnight. It will take time and effort </li></ul><ul><li>Be a sign of hope </li></ul>
  22. 22. American Market <ul><li>Sub-prime mortgage crisis of 2007  Financial crisis  </li></ul><ul><li>Full-scale global economic crisis </li></ul><ul><li>People are less willing to consume </li></ul><ul><li>Lessen production </li></ul><ul><li> Layoff workers </li></ul>
  23. 23. Non-market Related Measures Taken <ul><li>Closing of Guantanamo Bay Prison </li></ul><ul><li>Cutting funds to groups that promote family planning </li></ul>
  24. 24. American Market’s Future <ul><li>Stimulus package </li></ul><ul><li>- Largest in American history </li></ul><ul><li>- More than $1 trillion composed of $800B starting package and $350B for the bailout of the financial sector </li></ul>
  25. 25. Short-term Goal <ul><li>Create or save jobs across several industries where the stimulus package will be used </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated 3,675,000 jobs will be created or saved </li></ul>
  26. 26. Long-term Goals <ul><li>Stimulus plan also aims to </li></ul><ul><li>- Reduce energy use and carbon emissions </li></ul><ul><li>- Cut middle-class taxes </li></ul><ul><li>- Upgrade neglected infrastructures </li></ul><ul><li>- Rein in health care costs </li></ul><ul><li>- Reduce the budget deficit </li></ul>
  27. 27. Problems <ul><li>Administration still needs to be careful in where exactly to put the money </li></ul><ul><li>- Inheriting a trillion dollars worth of debt from the Bush administration </li></ul><ul><li>- Spending the stimulus package unwisely can easily add another trillion to that debt </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>The administration also needs to evaluate its option by weighing present and future costs of a specific target of the stimulus </li></ul>Problems
  29. 29. Final Vote <ul><li>Stimulus plan is not yet final </li></ul><ul><li>- Insufficient support from Republican Congressmen because they prefer tax cuts as a means for inducing consumption </li></ul>
  30. 30. Progress <ul><li>Compromise between Republicans and moderate Democrats </li></ul><ul><li>Bill now stands at $827B </li></ul><ul><li>Reductions from the bill: </li></ul><ul><li>- $40B cut from a “fiscal stabilization fund” for state government’s education costs </li></ul><ul><li>- $350B in tax cuts that would reach 95% of all Americans </li></ul>
  31. 31. Technological Gap between the Rich and the Poor
  32. 32. Use of Technology <ul><li>To resolve some of the pressing problems such as education, health, and poverty </li></ul>
  33. 33. Goals to Achieve the Resolutions of Problems through Technology <ul><li>Ensure the full and free exchange of ideas through an open internet and diverse media outlets </li></ul><ul><li>- Availability of internet to everyone that allows access to many other services </li></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>2. Create a transparent and connected Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>- Use of internet and other technologies to access government information and services </li></ul><ul><li>3. Deploy a modern communications infrastructure among agencies </li></ul><ul><li>- Make better use of existing communication structures </li></ul>Goals to Achieve the Resolutions of Problems through Technology
  35. 35. <ul><li>4. Increase America’s competitiveness by investing in R&D and in the sciences </li></ul><ul><li>5. Focus on the development of children </li></ul><ul><li>- Make Math and Science education a national priority and balance this by aiming to reduce drop-out rates </li></ul>Goals to Achieve the Resolutions of Problems through Technology
  36. 36. <ul><li>6. Prepare adults for a changing economy </li></ul><ul><li>- Provide safety nets that would offer opportunities for work and stability in their occupations </li></ul><ul><li>7. Employ science, technology and innovation to solve America’s most pressing problems </li></ul><ul><li>- Problems such as health care, climate change and stem cell research </li></ul>Goals to Achieve the Resolutions of Problems through Technology
  37. 37. Primary Target <ul><li>Accessibility of the internet </li></ul><ul><li>To have internet for every citizen is necessary as the internet can easily provide access to </li></ul><ul><li>- Financial capital (online banks) </li></ul><ul><li>- Human capital (online medicine and available educational materials) </li></ul><ul><li>- Social capital (people’s organizations and work opportunities) </li></ul>
  38. 38. Primary Target <ul><li>Ensure that every citizen is not left out by the government as change is intended for all Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Obama is using the available means and technologies to get to the grassroots and achieve his purpose </li></ul>
  39. 39. Environment
  40. 40. The Advent of Change <ul><li>Progress can only be addressed with necessary changes </li></ul><ul><li>Effective change should not be based on the popularity of the decision among its constituents </li></ul>
  41. 41. In the Philippine Context <ul><li>Factories and cars emit air pollutants, which have led to health-related issues </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental laws like the Clean Air Act are imposed ineffectively </li></ul>
  42. 42. Call for Change <ul><li>Promote greener technologies and fuel-efficiency </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aid in alleviating the condition of air pollution and climate change </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Fight tougher regulations on animal feeding operations to combat both air and water pollution </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Manure spills arise as threat to fishery resources and public health </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Call for cleaner and more efficient ways of breeding and transporting activities related to agriculture </li></ul>
  43. 43. The Challenge <ul><li>There is a need to bear the costs when what is at stake is the safety of the majority </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Good health leads to productivity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Natural resources can be utilized for further development </li></ul></ul></ul>
  44. 44. War in Mindanao
  45. 45. War in Mindanao <ul><li>Mindanao’s call for autonomy escalated to a full fledge war resulting to unimaginable casualties on both fronts </li></ul><ul><li>Hence there is a need for a mature fashion in handling the situation in Mindanao </li></ul>
  46. 46. Resolving the the War in Mindanao through the Example of Obama <ul><li>War is not for the best interest of the nation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Primacy is on the moral as well as national interest </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Focus on a defensive approach </li></ul><ul><li>Use of education and health as a tool to resolve the conflict </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discontinue the conflict through proper education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasis on commonality rather than difference </li></ul></ul></ul>
  47. 47. <ul><li>Non-military aid to Mindanao </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The government will be seen as a friend rather than a foe </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Imposition of Justice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Investigate on parties who are accountable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impose the weight of the law on those who are responsible </li></ul></ul>Resolving the the War in Mindanao through the Example of Obama
  48. 48. Overall View on War <ul><li>War results to poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Premium should be given on national defense rather than offensive measures </li></ul><ul><li>Full imposition of the law on those who are responsible </li></ul>
  49. 49. U.N. Millenium Development Goals
  50. 50. U.N. MDG <ul><li>In 2001, the member states of the U.N. have agreed to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) by the year 2015 </li></ul><ul><li>8 international development goals, based on the 8 chapters of the U.N. Millennium Declaration, have their own specific targets that must be met </li></ul>
  51. 51. 8 MDGs <ul><li>1.    Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger 2.    Achieve universal primary education 3.    Promote gender equality and empower women 4.    Reduce child mortality 5.    Improve maternal health 6.    Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases 7.    Ensure environmental sustainability 8.    Develop a global partnership for development </li></ul>
  52. 52. Progress under the Bush Administration <ul><ul><ul><li>Controversies have risen regarding his administrations’ lack of commitment to the MDGs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Certain policies enacted by the state having been deemed self-serving by international critics and fellow UN members. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>John Bolton, US Ambassador to the U.N. had an issue regarding financial aid </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Suggested to remove from the 2005 World Summit document a large section referring to the MDGs, claiming that the Bush administration never agreed to support the entirety of the goals particularly the part ,which requires them to increase foreign aid commitment </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  53. 53. Progress under the Bush administration <ul><ul><ul><li>While Bush kept his promise on providing international aid, the president hardly contributed any effort towards meeting the other targets for developing countries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Development aid from the U.S. has been declining since 2004 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Despite the government’s claim that their donations have doubled ever since the inception of the MDG plans, the U.S. continues to give a smaller share of its national income compared to other developed states </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>As of 2007, it was estimated that the U.S. donates only 16 cents for every $100 in earns whereas other developed nations contribute an average of 28 cents per $100 </li></ul></ul></ul>
  54. 54. Obama and the MDGs <ul><ul><ul><li>International Cooperation to Meet the Millennium Development Goals Act (2005) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>o Target U.S. assistance towards the world’s weakest states in an effort to build healthy and educated communities, reduce poverty, develop markets and generate wealth </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Senate Bill 2433 or the Global Poverty Act (2007) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>o Would “require the President to develop and implement a comprehensive strategy to further the United States foreign policy objective of promoting the reduction of global poverty, the elimination of extreme global poverty” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  55. 55. Obama’s Plans to Further the Cause of International Development <ul><ul><ul><li>General aid and poverty     Doubling annual foreign assistance form $25 billion to $50 billion     Increased funding of up to $1.3b annually and innovative programs like 'play pumps,' in order to expand access to clean water and sanitation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Education     Establishing a $2 billion Global Education Fund in order to erase the global primary education gap     Supporting Hillary Clinton’s Education for All Act which would rally funding of $10 billion annually </li></ul></ul></ul>
  56. 56. <ul><ul><ul><li>Combating disease     Lifting the 33% cap on US contributions to the Global Fund, ensuring at least 4.5 million people are on ARV treatment by 2013, and preventing 12 million new infections     double funding for the President's Malaria Initiative and dramatically expand access to mosquito nets     Continuation of Bush’s PEPFAR Program (President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Child and maternal health     Increase funding for child and maternal health and ensure that increases in other important areas - including HIV/AIDS - do not come at the expense of child health and survival programs     Expand access to vaccinations, increase research into new vaccines, and expand access to reproductive health programs. </li></ul></ul></ul>Obama’s Plans to Further the Cause of International Development
  57. 57. <ul><ul><ul><li>Child and maternal health     Increase funding for child and maternal health and ensure that increases in other important areas - including HIV/AIDS - do not come at the expense of child health and survival programs     Expand access to vaccinations, increase research into new vaccines, and expand access to reproductive health programs. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Environment     aiming to generate 25 percent of electricity from renewable sources by 2025     setting cap-and-trade programs to reduce the nation’s GHG emissions 80 percent by 2050     investing $150 billion over the next ten years in cleantech     putting 1 million plug-in hybrid cars on the road by 2015 </li></ul></ul></ul>Obama’s Plans to Further the Cause of International Development
  58. 58. Environmental Problem The Use of Alternative Fuel
  59. 59. The Use of Alternative Fuel <ul><li>Known as non-conventional fuels </li></ul><ul><li>Materials or substances that can be used as a fuel other than conventional fuels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biodiesel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bioalcohol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>chemically stored electricity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hydrogen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>non-fossil methane </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>non-fossil natural gas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>vegetable oil </li></ul></ul>
  60. 60. The Use of Alternative Fuel <ul><li>In 2007, there were 1.8M alternative fuel vehicles sold in the U.S. indicating an increasing popularity of alternative fuels </li></ul><ul><li>Growing perceived economic and political need for the development of alternative fuel sources due to general environmental, economic and geopolitical concerns of sustainability </li></ul>
  61. 61. The Use of Alternative Fuel <ul><li>Increase in globally averaged temperatures since the mid-20th century is due to the observed increase in anthropogenic greenhouse gas concentrations </li></ul><ul><li>Since burning fossil fuels are known to increase greenhouse gas concentrations, they are a likely contributor to global warming </li></ul>
  62. 62. Public Debt <ul><li>The United States Public Debt </li></ul>
  63. 63. <ul><li>Amount owed by the government to its creditors whether they are nationals or foreigners </li></ul><ul><li>Amount owed by the federal government of the U.S. to holders of U.S. debt instruments </li></ul><ul><li>Federal debt held by states, corporations, individuals and foreign governments </li></ul>Public Debt
  64. 64. <ul><li>Treasury Bills, Notes, Bonds, TIPS, United States Savings Bonds and State and Local Government Series securities </li></ul><ul><li>As of February 5, 2009, the total U.S. federal debt was $10.71 trillion or about $37,703 per capita </li></ul><ul><li>In 2007, the public debt was 36.8% of GDP with a total debt of 65.5% of GDP </li></ul>Public Debt
  65. 65. <ul><li>Total debt has increased over $500B each year since Fiscal Year 2003 considering both budgeted and non-budgeted spending </li></ul><ul><li>Annual change in debt surpassed $1 trillion for the first time in FY 2008 </li></ul>Public Debt