George Orwell

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George Orwell

  1. 1. George OrwellJune 25, 1903 - January 21, 1950<br />“During times  of universal deceit,  telling the truth  becomes a  revolutionary act.”<br /> - GeorgeOrwell- <br />
  2. 2. Early Times<br />George Orwell was born Eric Arthur Blair in Bengal, India. His father, was a customs official in the Indian Civil Service. While still at a young age, his family returned to England, where they settled at a village just outside London. When Orwell was 8 years old, he was sent to a private Sussex, and he later claimed that his experiences there determined his views on society’s “class system”. From there he went by scholarship to two private universities. (www.bbc.co.uk)<br />George Orwell then joined the Indian Imperial Police, receiving his training in Burma, where he served from 1922 to 1927. While home on leave, he made the decision to resign from his police service. He had wanted to become a writer since his adolescent years, and believed that the Imperial Police an unsuitable position. Also, he had begun to understand the imperialism of which he was serving with the Indian Police and rejected it. (www.answers.com)<br />
  3. 3. After making his big decision, Orwell moved to England to take in the poverty scene and learn about the lifestyle of the poor. He later rented a room in a working-class district of Paris, where he wrote two novels and several newspaper articles. Unfortunately both novels were lost during his time there. After working as a kitchen caretaker/dishwasher and enduring a case of pneumonia he returned to England to his parents home toward the end of 1929. (www.mtholyoke.edu)<br />Orwell used his parents' home to continue to attempt to establish himself as a writer. He earned his living by teaching and writing articles, while he completed several versions of his first book, Down and Out in London and Paris. This novel displays his experiences in the lower-class, East and of Paris. (www.mtholyoke.edu) <br />Establishment as a Writer<br />
  4. 4. “Political Writer” Identity<br />Most of his novels and essays had a political content and contained blatant prejudices against imperialism, capitalism, and narrow-mindedness toward the middle class. <br />Without his passion for anti-totalitarianism, Orwell's writings would be of little interest the political realm. The satirical novel, Animal Farm, which portrays the communist revolution as a take-over of a farm by its animals, was a major product in displaying Orwell’s take on communism through farm animals. Another major product was Nineteen Eighty-Four, where Orwell takes many of Bertrand Russell's arguments in the criticism of totalitarianism and puts them into the mouth of his character, a secret policeman in the novel. (www.answers.com)<br />
  5. 5. Orwell’s Most Famous Work<br />Animal Farm & 1984<br />Both have been turned into motion pictures<br />
  6. 6. Reactions to Orwell’s Work<br />American conservative commentator, Ben Wattenberg stated: "Orwell’s writing pierced intellectual hypocrisy wherever he found it.“and “ he possessed uncompromising intellectual honesty [which] made him appear almost inhuman at times.” (www.answers.com)<br />According to historian Piers Brendon, "Orwell was the saint of common decency who would in earlier days, have been either canonized - or burnt at the stake'. (www.answers.com)<br />T.R. Fyvel of the New York Review wrote about Orwell: "His crucial experience ... was his struggle to turn himself into a writer, one which led through long periods of poverty, failure and humiliation, and about which he has written almost nothing directly. The sweat and agony was less in the slum-life than in the effort to turn the experience into literature.“ (www.answers.com)<br />Questioning of the content in Orwell’s materials has taken place on several occasions. In 1981, for example, a Baptist minister in Florida challenged the novel Nineteen Eighty-Four's suitability as proper reading for young Americans, arguing it contained pro-Communist, anti-Semitic, and sexually explicit material. <br /> (www.k-1.com)<br />
  7. 7. Relevance and Influence on Social Society<br />Orwell has written many pieces on the significance of honest and clear language and making use of it in our literature. He believed that vague writing can be used as a tool of political manipulation. (www.papyr.com). In Nineteen Eighty-Four he described how the state controlled thought by controlling language, making certain ideas unthinkable. From Orwell's novel Animal Farm comes the comment, “all animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others", which describes the extreme inequalities in communist societies. The idea of a government manipulating people disgusted Orwell and was completely opposite to his beliefs. His writing on such topics leaves a lasting impression on today’s society and our collective opinion on totalitarianism and communist rule. <br />Today, many people believe Orwell's work has taken a prominent place in the school literature curriculum, with Animal Farm often being seen as an examination topic for students learning about the pro’s and con’s of communism rule, and Nineteen Eighty-Four as a topic of choice for pre-university studies. <br />
  8. 8. Bibliography<br />Essays: George Orwell’s Influence. (2009). Retrieved from the Internet September 10, 2009: <br /> http://www.k-1.com/Orwell/site/opinion/essays/anderson2.html<br />George Orwell. (2009). Retrieved from the Internet September 3, 2009: <br /> http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/orwell_george.shtml<br />George Orwell Biography. (2009). Retrieved from the Internet September 3, 2009:<br />http://www.answers.com/topic/george-orwell<br />Grammatical Manipulation of an Audience. (2009). English Composition. Retrieved from the Internet September 10, 2009:<br />http://papyr.com/hypertextbooks/comp2/manipula.htm<br />Politics and English Language. (2008). Retrieved from the Internet September 3, 2009:<br /> http://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/orwell46.htm<br />

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