Organisation of food safety
Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira
Regional State Administrative Agencies (RSAA)
Local Municipal Authorities (MFCA)
1. High levels of food safety, animal health and plant health are maintained.
2. Animal welfare is improved.
3. The conditions for high-quality food production are secured and the
productivity of agriculture and the food industry is growing.
4. The farming, forestry and food industries adapt sustainably to climate change.
5. The food supply chain responsibility for its operations is verifiable.
6. Welfare is promoted by safe nutrition.
Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira
Evira promotes safety, quality and reliability within the food supply chain, all the
way from nature to the plate.
What makes Finnish food safe?
Arctic position: cold winters and light summers
→ Only few dangerous diseases of plants and animals
Low use of pesticides and herbicides
Responsible veterinary use of antibiotics
Abundant sources of clean fresh water
Low levels of heavy metals in soil
Clean, fresh air
Open communication between farmers, authorities and the
Finnish systems for safe food
The Oiva system – public information to consumers
The broader the smile, the better the food safety
– Four alternative smileys
– Published on the internet and at company
– More than 1,1 million passports issued
– 20% of the total population of Finland
Control programs - safe food
Stringent animal disease control and surveillance programs
− For more than 50 diseases
‐ Salmonella occurrence in cattle, pigs, poultry, food and
feed < 1 %
‐ Low occurrence in poultry meat
Residues and contaminants
‐ Extremely low levels (including heavy metals)
Finland has an excellent animal
Disease Last recorded
Aujeszky’s disease Never
Foot and mouth disease 1959
Fowl typhoid Never
Classical swine fever 1917
African swine fever Never
Pullorum disease 1961
Welfare of animals is strictly regulated
Animal welfare is not only an ethical issue
‐ Happy animals produce better quality food, when
animals experience less stress and pain
Excellent management practices, e.g.
‐ Dedicated producers
‐ Piglets’ tails are not cut, sufficient space and activities
‐ Beaks are not trimmed from chicks
Image: Med-Vet-Net Association on zoonoses research
Finland’s food production chain
promotes One Health
Responsible veterinary use of antibiotics since 1970`s
Antibiotics prescription only
– Mostly only single animals treated
– Very low level of group treatment
Use for growth promotion is prohibited
→ Very low level of antimicrobial resistance
Organic production and
certification in Finland
The system for controlling organic production has
been defined in EU legislation
The processing, importing and marketing of organic
products are controlled through the Finnish Food
Safety Authority Evira
Evira operates the inspection system for organic
farming through 15 regional Centres for Economic
Development, Transport and the Environment, who
certify production on organic farms
Evira coordinates, audits and provides regular
training for inspectors
Certification and control of organic
All organic farms and other operators must undergo a mandatory
inspection, at least once a year.
All organic farms and companies involved in organic production
have an organic production plan, to help them fulfil the
requirements set for organic farming and production.
There were 5000 operators in organic primary production and
over 700 operators organic food production in 2017
All operators that produce, store,
import, export or market organic
products are subject to organic control
The EU organic logo is used in Finland on all certified organically
The EU organic logo can only be used by operators who have
submitted their activities to the organic control system and who
follow the rules and regulations regarding organic production.
In addition to the EU organic logo, the Finnish “Luomu” logo may
be used in Finland.
A total of 4,587 organic farms in Finland
The average size of an organic farm is 56.6 hectares.
The number of organic livestock farms was 974. Most of
them produce beef or milk.
There were 13 organic pig farms and 3 organic poultry farms.
Organic eggs were produced in 51 farms.
Organic farms in Finland (2017)
Organic milk and egg production
increased by 10% in 2017
Source_ FIBL & IFOAM: The World of Organic Agriculture 2017
Wild harvested products
The world’s largest certified organic wild collection areas for
wild berries are in Northern and Eastern Finland.
The most important berries are wild bilberry (Vaccinium
myrtillus) and lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea).
Come and visit us at the Food from
Finland pavilion (E30)!