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Learning Chinese : Measure words and Classifiers

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Finally, I completed compiled as many measure words in Chinese for you guys. I can say this complicates Chinese. We just add “a” to any noun will give the sense of the quantity and the classification. But in Chinese, it is not easy. There are many classifier and you are going to learn in this article.

Classifiers or measure words are called as 量词 (Liàngcí )

In standard Mandarin, for example can be used as

一个 - Yīgè , 这个 - Zhège , 那个 -Nàgè

The first of these phrases would be 一个人 yí gè rén, where yī (一)means "one", rén (人)means "person", and gè (个)is the required classifier. 

Hence it is normally necessary to insert an appropriate classifier between the numeral and the noun. Now we are going to talk about the various classifiers and how they have been categorized. Most nouns have one or more classifiers associated with them, often depending on the nature of the things they denote.

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Learning Chinese : Measure words and Classifiers

  1. 1. Measure words / Classifiers in Chinese language By Murali Krishna U – http://www.murali.today Follow me on Twitter – http://www.twitter.com/umkev Linkedin - https://www.linkedin.com/in/umkev/ Reddit - https://www.reddit.com/user/umkev/ Facebook – https://www.facebook.com/muralitoday/ Flickr - https://www.flickr.com/photos/umkev Instagram - https://www.instagram.com/umkev 20180107
  2. 2. Why Classifiers ? In standard Mandarin, for example can be used as 一个 - Yīgè , 这个 - Zhège , 那个 -Nàgè The first of these phrases would be 一个人 yí gè rén, where yī (一)means "one", rén (人)means "person", and gè (个)is the required classifier. Hence it is normally necessary to insert an appropriate classifier between the numeral and the noun. Now we are going to talk about the various classifiers and how they have been categorized. Most nouns have one or more classifiers associated with them, often depending on the nature of the things they denote. The compilation sole property of www.murali.today , copying & duplicating is not permitted.
  3. 3. Important of gè (个) This is the most common used classifier ( generally used for persons ) and the most used classifiers in daily use for any non native speaker replacing some specific classifier which one don’t remember. But It gives more nativity if one uses the specific associated classifier. There are thousands of Classifiers in Chinese language , I tried to compile as many useful in day to day life which can help one to talk with more nativity and help you win more Chinese friends. The compilation sole property of www.murali.today , copying & duplicating is not permitted.
  4. 4. books and other paper media, like magazines, that are bound together 本 (běn) commonly used for clothing, events, things 件 (jiàn) Examples 一本书 ( Yī běn shū) : One book 这本书 ( Zhè běn shū ): This book Examples 这件裤子 ( Zhè jiàn kùzi ): This pant 那件衬衫 ( Nà jiàn chènshān ) : That shirt addresses one of a pair,, counts animals, birds, some utensils, vessels 只(zhī) Examples 一只小狗 (Yī zhǐ xiǎo gǒu ): A puppy 一只鞋 (Yī zhǐ xié) : One shoe of the pair The compilation sole property of www.murali.today , copying & duplicating is not permitted.
  5. 5. used with long, flat objects that have a hilt or handle; specifically used for keys, scissors, swords, and guns 把 (bǎ) classifier for a pair of objects, like shoes or legs 双 (shuāng) Examples 这把剪刀 (Zhè bǎ jiǎndāo ) : this scissiors 一把枪 (Yī bǎ qiāng ) : one gun Examples 一双鞋 (Yīshuāng xié ) : one pair of shoes 一双腿 (Yīshuāng tuǐ ): pair of legs used to quantity liquids by cups, glass, some containers of liquids杯 (bēi) Examples 三杯可乐 (Sān bēi kělè) : three cups of cola 一杯啤酒 (Yībēi píjiǔ) : one beer The compilation sole property of www.murali.today , copying & duplicating is not permitted.
  6. 6. usually used for something spherical like fruits, balls, pearls, corn grain, teeth, heart, satellites 颗 (kē) indicates a pile of something堆 (duī) Examples 一堆水果 (Yī duī shuǐguǒ) : One pile of fruits 两堆垃圾 (Liǎng duī lèsè ) : Two piles of Garbage Examples 这颗珍珠 (Zhè kē zhēnzhū ) : this pearl 两颗牙齿 (Liǎng kē yáchǐ) : Two teeth applied when objects are grouped by pouches or bags.包 (bāo) Examples 这包 ( Zhè bāo) : This package 两包 ( Liǎng bāo) : Two bags The compilation sole property of www.murali.today , copying & duplicating is not permitted.
  7. 7. Used for people ( honorific ), binary bits 位 (Wèi) Cattle, Pigs and livestock头 (Tóu) Examples 五头牛 ( Wǔ tóu niú) : Five cows 两头猪 (Liǎngtóu zhū) : two pigs Examples 十六位( Shíliù wèi) : Sixteen bits 两位 ( Liǎng wèi) : Two people , generally used in restaurants Classifiers for vehicles 辆 (Liàng) Examples 三辆车 ( Sān liàng chē) : Three cars The compilation sole property of www.murali.today , copying & duplicating is not permitted.
  8. 8. Classifier for bunches, "bundle" of flowers; beam of light, laser. 束 (shù) Classifier for machines, vehicles, laptop, calculator, stapler, etc 台 (Tái) Examples 一台笔记本电脑 ( Yī tái bǐjìběn diànnǎo) : a laptop 一台计算器 ( Yī tái jìsuàn qì): A calculator Examples 两束鲜花 (Liǎng shù xiānhuā) : two bundle of flowers 一束光 (Yī shù guāng) : one beam of light Classifiers for flat objects, sheets, votes 张(zhāng) Examples 一张桌子 ( Yī zhāng zhuōzi): a table 一张票 ( Yī zhāng piào): one ticket The compilation sole property of www.murali.today , copying & duplicating is not permitted.
  9. 9. novels 小說/小说, movies 電影/电影, TV dramas etc.; vehicles ( 如:一部大巴)部 (bù) or buildings whose purposes are explicitly stated, e.g. hospitals 醫 院/医院. Otherwise can use "座" 所 (suǒ) Examples 这是一所非常有名的大学 Zhè shì yī suǒ fēicháng yǒumíng de dàxué(This is a very famous university) Examples 一部精彩的电影 (Yī bù jīngcǎi de diànyǐng ) - A wonderful movie Long, narrow, flexible objects (fish 魚/鱼, dogs 狗, trousers 褲子/裤子, etc.), also for roads 路 and rivers 河, pertaining to human lives, one heart" (to work as one), classifiers for certain things like counter- measures, etc. 条(tiáo) Examples 一条蛇(Yītiáo shé) A snake The compilation sole property of www.murali.today , copying & duplicating is not permitted.
  10. 10. fairly long, stick-like objects (pens chopsticks, roses, rifles etc.), fleets支 (zhī) large mansion; mountains;座 (zuò) Examples 这座大厦 ( Zhè zuò dàshà) This building Examples 一支笔 (Yī zhī bǐ) one pen Horses,mules and other mounts; also rolls/bolts of cloth 匹(pǐ) Examples 这匹马 ( Zhè pǐ mǎ) This horse The compilation sole property of www.murali.today , copying & duplicating is not permitted.
  11. 11. Thank you Follow me on Twitter – http://www.twitter.com/umkev Linkedin - https://www.linkedin.com/in/umkev/ Reddit - https://www.reddit.com/user/umkev/ Facebook – https://www.facebook.com/muralitoday/ Flickr - https://www.flickr.com/photos/umkev Instagram - https://www.instagram.com/umkev

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