College Campus Active Shooter Tabletop Exercise


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This active shooter tabletop exercise was developed for my HFT3670 Hospitality and Event Risk Management class at the University of Central Florida. The creator, Brian Avery, felt it was worthy of sharing in an effort to discuss and develop ideas to mitigate potential losses.

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College Campus Active Shooter Tabletop Exercise

  1. 1. Tabletop Exercise (Spring 2013)HFT 3670, Hospitality & Event Risk ManagementDeveloped by: Brian Avery 1
  2. 2.  To examine/discuss current policies, procedures, resources and actions in the context to a response to an active shooter at a hospitality or event setting. 2
  3. 3.  To recognize available policies and procedures. Demonstrate the activation and use of an incident command center (ICC). Identify mitigation and preparedness needs. Understand emergency operations planning. 3
  4. 4.  Creativity/group problem solving (3/4 to a group) Use the knowledge and information available in the room Active thinking Active listening Active participation Respect –we challenge ideas, not people 4
  5. 5.  Respond based on your knowledge gained from the textbook and in-class/on-line discussions. Discuss and present multiple options and possible solutions. Be aware that you will not have complete resolution. If more information is needed, ask. Assume any agencies that are requested are initiating their response plans. 5
  6. 6.  The University of Central Florida has a student population of 60,000 on 1400+ acres and multiple campuses. The college has a large commuter population and a residential population. The college is located in a rural/urban setting. Campus police operations are on-campus. Unarmed security is provided at each major event. The UCF Arena seats 9500 6
  7. 7.  A men’s basketball game is in progress prior to the week of mid-term examinations. One campus police officer is scheduled for athletic security at the game. There are multiple officer’s on campus completing normal, routine patrol duties. The college president sometimes attends basketball games, but he is he is out of town on college business. The gym is filled to capacity, and it’s an emotional game---a potential NCAA playoff berth is on the line. 7
  8. 8.  What, if any, are the potential issues? Should there be a college administrator present? If so, whom? 8
  9. 9.  It is near half-time. Suddenly, a disturbance breaks out in the student section of the arena. Several loud cracks are heard, which sounds like gun fire. The crowd panics and starts to disperse. At the time of the initial shooting, the patrolling officer was at the entrance to the arena and was unable to reach the area prior to additional shots being fired. He does see what he thinks is the suspect, a white male in a black and gold t-shirt, running across the floor toward the southwest door of the arena at the time of his arrival. The officer reaches the area of the disturbance, he discovers that approximately 15 people have suffered gunshot wounds. Several appear to be critically wounded. He radios the police command desk and activates the ICC system. The media is beginning to report on the situation but little information is available at this time. 9
  10. 10.  Who’s in charge of response? What actions should be taken next? Who should be notified? Should the campus be completely evacuated?  If so, how will the campus population be notified?  Who’s authorized to give the evacuation order? Could this event have been prevented by a metal detector?  What issues are raised by this kind of screening? Other concerns? 10
  11. 11.  It has been reported that a note was found in the men’s restroom at the UCF Student Union 4 hours prior to the shooting that stated: “I have had it, there will be blood. Game time… 7:30.” It has also been reported that a meeting was held prior to the game and it was determined by police officials, school representatives and event planners that the current procedures in place were adequate to address any potential issues. Media reports indicate that students, faculty, and staff members have been wounded and killed in the initial attack. 11
  12. 12.  Should more have been done to try and determine if this was a credible threat? Should the ICC been activated prior to the game? Was there adequate presence of police/security? Could the absence of law enforcement influence the decision-making process of a shooter? How? Identify several options that could have mitigated this event.  Determine which is the most plausible.  Determine which is the most effective. 12
  13. 13.  The lessons learned during this table top exercise are: (finish the phrase)  Keep Doing…  Stop Doing…  Start Doing… 13
  14. 14.  Did this exercise increase your awareness of event preparedness needs? How? What can be done to improve police/security at events? What groups are required to work together at events in order to address similar situations (internal/external)? Who responds to the media and why? Did this meet the criteria of an emergency, disaster or crises? 14
  15. 15.  Prepare Respond Recover Event planners need to identify, analyze and mitigate known or potential hazards. Plans should be developed based on likelihood and severity of hazards---must prioritize risks! Mitigate the risk through: Engineering, education or enforcement.  Organizational preparedness ▪ 5-25% of organizations have a plan ▪ Leaving 75-95% without 15
  16. 16.  Planning – multi-hazard plans for hospitality locations and events (must be specific). Training – train on the hazards that pose potential threats to your operation. Coordination – communicate with co- workers, with safety and security and first responders. Goal is to lessen disaster fallout and to enhance disaster response operations. 16
  17. 17.  Assess hazard… The objective is to reduce the probability of additional injuries or damage and speed recovery operations. If this is crime, or an unsafe situation, get to a place of safety. Call 911 if this is an immediate situation.  Requirements of first responders (fire, police, EMS) Remain calm and use any training you have. Activate your emergency plans as appropriate. Communication: notification v. warning 17
  18. 18.  If possible, play a positive role in emotional, economic, and physical restoration. Assess and implement any lessons learned.  Should always be added to your emergency plan. 18